Photo of Andrew X. Zhu,  MD, PhD

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD

Massachusetts General Hospital

Massachusetts General Hospital
Phone: (617) 643-3415
Fax: (617) 724-3166

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD

Massachusetts General Hospital

EDUCATIONAL TITLES

  • Associate Professor, Medicine, Harvard Medical School
  • Director, Liver Cancer Research, Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital

DF/HCC PROGRAM AFFILIATION

Research Abstract

Development of novel treatment regimens for GI malignancies, in particular, hepatocellular carcinoma and bile duct tumors.

Phase I study.

Study of Genetic Polymorphisms in Upper Gastrointestinal Malignancies.

Publications

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  • Sahani DV, Hayano K, Galluzzo A, Zhu AX. Measuring treatment response to systemic therapy and predicting outcome in biliary tract cancer: comparing tumor size, volume, density, and metabolism. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2015; 204:776-81. PubMed
  • Fitamant J, Kottakis F, Benhamouche S, Tian HS, Chuvin N, Parachoniak CA, Nagle JM, Perera RM, Lapouge M, Deshpande V, Zhu AX, Lai A, Min B, Hoshida Y, Avruch J, Sia D, Campreciós G, McClatchey AI, Llovet JM, Morrissey D, Raj L, Bardeesy N. YAP Inhibition Restores Hepatocyte Differentiation in Advanced HCC, Leading to Tumor Regression. Cell Rep 2015. PubMed
  • Huynh H, Hao HX, Chan SL, Chen D, Ong R, Soo KC, Pochanard P, Yang D, Ruddy DA, Liu M, Derti A, Balak MN, Palmer MR, Wang Y, Lee BH, Sellami D, Zhu AX, Schlegel R, Huang A. Loss of Tuberous Sclerosis Complex 2 (TSC2) is Frequent in Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Predicts Response to mTORC1 Inhibitor Everolimus. Mol Cancer Ther 2015. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Rosmorduc O, Evans TR, Ross PJ, Santoro A, Carrilho FJ, Bruix J, Qin S, Thuluvath PJ, Llovet JM, Leberre MA, Jensen M, Meinhardt G, Kang YK. SEARCH: a phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of sorafenib plus erlotinib in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. J Clin Oncol 2015; 33:559-66. PubMed
  • Moy AP, Shahid M, Ferrone CR, Borger DR, Zhu AX, Ting D, Deshpande V. Microsatellite instability in gallbladder carcinoma. Virchows Arch 2015. PubMed
  • Ferrone CR, Marchegiani G, Hong TS, Ryan DP, Deshpande V, McDonnell EI, Sabbatino F, Santos DD, Allen JN, Blaszkowsky LS, Clark JW, Faris JE, Goyal L, Kwak EL, Murphy JE, Ting DT, Wo JY, Zhu AX, Warshaw AL, Lillemoe KD, Fernández-del Castillo C. Radiological and surgical implications of neoadjuvant treatment with FOLFIRINOX for locally advanced and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. Ann Surg 2015; 261:12-7. PubMed
  • Chen Y, Ramjiawan RR, Reiberger T, Ng MR, Hato T, Huang Y, Ochiai H, Kitahara S, Unan EC, Reddy TP, Fan C, Huang P, Bardeesy N, Zhu AX, Jain RK, Duda DG. CXCR4 inhibition in tumor microenvironment facilitates anti-programmed death receptor-1 immunotherapy in sorafenib-treated hepatocellular carcinoma in mice. Hepatology 2015. PubMed
  • Ferrone CR, Ting DT, Shahid M, Konstantinidis IT, Sabbatino F, Goyal L, Rice-Stitt T, Mubeen A, Arora K, Bardeesey N, Miura J, Gamblin TC, Zhu AX, Borger D, Lillemoe KD, Rivera MN, Deshpande V. The Ability to Diagnose Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Definitively Using Novel Branched DNA-Enhanced Albumin RNA In Situ Hybridization Technology. Ann Surg Oncol 2015. PubMed
  • Hato T, Goyal L, Greten TF, Duda DG, Zhu AX. Immune checkpoint blockade in hepatocellular carcinoma: Current progress and future directions. Hepatology 2014. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Borger DR, Kim Y, Cosgrove D, Ejaz A, Alexandrescu S, Groeschl RT, Deshpande V, Lindberg JM, Ferrone C, Sempoux C, Yau T, Poon R, Popescu I, Bauer TW, Gamblin TC, Gigot JF, Anders RA, Pawlik TM. Genomic Profiling of Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Refining Prognosis and Identifying Therapeutic Targets. Ann Surg Oncol 2014. PubMed
  • Hong TS, Ryan DP, Borger DR, Blaszkowsky LS, Yeap BY, Ancukiewicz M, Deshpande V, Shinagare S, Wo JY, Boucher Y, Wadlow RC, Kwak EL, Allen JN, Clark JW, Zhu AX, Ferrone CR, Mamon HJ, Adams J, Winrich B, Grillo T, Jain RK, DeLaney TF, Fernandez-Del Castillo C, Duda DG. A Phase 1/2 and Biomarker Study of Preoperative Short Course Chemoradiation With Proton Beam Therapy and Capecitabine Followed By Early Surgery for Resectable Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2014. PubMed
  • Hayano K, Lee SH, Yoshida H, Zhu AX, Sahani DV. Fractal Analysis of CT Perfusion Images for Evaluation of Antiangiogenic Treatment and Survival in Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Acad Radiol 2014; 21:654-60. PubMed
  • Wo JY, Dawson LA, Zhu AX, Hong TS. An emerging role for radiation therapy in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Surg Oncol Clin N Am 2014; 23:353-68. PubMed
  • Kalva SP, Pectasides M, Liu R, Rachamreddy N, Surakanti S, Yeddula K, Ganguli S, Wicky S, Blaszkowsky LS, Zhu AX. Safety and effectiveness of chemoembolization with drug-eluting beads for advanced-stage hepatocellular carcinoma. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2014; 37:381-7. PubMed
  • Borger DR, Goyal L, Yau T, Poon RT, Ancukiewicz M, Deshpande V, Christiani DC, Liebman HM, Yang H, Kim H, Yen K, Faris JE, Iafrate AJ, Kwak EL, Clark JW, Allen JN, Blaszkowsky LS, Murphy JE, Saha SK, Hong TS, Wo JY, Ferrone CR, Tanabe KK, Bardeesy N, Straley KS, Agresta S, Schenkein DP, Ellisen LW, Ryan DP, Zhu AX. Circulating oncometabolite 2-hydroxyglutarate is a potential surrogate biomarker in patients with isocitrate dehydrogenase-mutant intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Clin Cancer Res 2014; 20:1884-90. PubMed
  • Hyder O, Marques H, Pulitano C, Marsh JW, Alexandrescu S, Bauer TW, Gamblin TC, Sotiropoulos GC, Paul A, Barroso E, Clary BM, Aldrighetti L, Ferrone CR, Zhu AX, Popescu I, Gigot JF, Mentha G, Feng S, Pawlik TM. A Nomogram to Predict Long-term Survival After Resection for Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: An Eastern and Western Experience. JAMA Surg 2014. PubMed
  • Russo AL, Ryan DP, Borger DR, Wo JY, Szymonifka J, Liang WY, Kwak EL, Blaszkowsky LS, Clark JW, Allen JN, Zhu AX, Berger DL, Cusack JC, Mamon HJ, Haigis KM, Hong TS. Mutational and clinical predictors of pathologic complete response in the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. J Gastrointest Cancer 2014; 45:34-9. PubMed
  • Hayano K, Yoshida H, Zhu AX, Sahani DV. Fractal Analysis of Contrast-Enhanced CT Images to Predict Survival of Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated with Sunitinib. Dig Dis Sci 2014. PubMed
  • Russo AL, Borger DR, Szymonifka J, Ryan DP, Wo JY, Blaszkowsky LS, Kwak EL, Allen JN, Wadlow RC, Zhu AX, Murphy JE, Faris JE, Dias-Santagata D, Haigis KM, Ellisen LW, Iafrate AJ, Hong TS. Mutational analysis and clinical correlation of metastatic colorectal cancer. Cancer 2014. PubMed
  • Goyal L, Supko JG, Berlin J, Blaszkowsky LS, Carpenter A, Heuman DM, Hilderbrand SL, Stuart KE, Cotler S, Senzer NN, Chan E, Berg CL, Clark JW, Hezel AF, Ryan DP, Zhu AX. Phase 1 study of N(1),N(11)窶租iethylnorspermine (DENSPM) in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2014; 72:1305-14. PubMed
  • Chen Y, Huang Y, Reiberger T, Duyverman AM, Huang P, Samuel R, Hiddingh L, Roberge S, Koppel C, Lauwers GY, Zhu AX, Jain RK, Duda DG. Differential effects of sorafenib on liver versus tumor fibrosis mediated by SDF1留/CXCR4 axis and Gr-1+ myeloid cell infiltration in mice. Hepatology 2013. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Finn RS, Mulcahy M, Gurtler J, Sun W, Schwartz JD, Dalal RP, Joshi A, Hozak RR, Xu Y, Ancukiewicz M, Jain RK, Nugent FW, Duda DG, Stuart K. A Phase II and Biomarker Study of Ramucirumab, a Human Monoclonal Antibody Targeting the VEGF Receptor-2, as First-Line Monotherapy in Patients with Advanced Hepatocellular Cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2013. PubMed
  • Hyder O, Marsh JW, Salem R, Petre EN, Kalva S, Liapi E, Cosgrove D, Neal D, Kamel I, Zhu AX, Sofocleous CT, Geschwind JF, Pawlik TM. Intra-arterial therapy for advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: a multi-institutional analysis. Ann Surg Oncol 2013; 20:3779-86. PubMed
  • Chan JA, Blaszkowsky L, Stuart K, Zhu AX, Allen J, Wadlow R, Ryan DP, Meyerhardt J, Gonzalez M, Regan E, Zheng H, Kulke MH. A prospective, phase 1/2 study of everolimus and temozolomide in patients with advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor. Cancer 2013; 119:3212-8. PubMed
  • Faris JE, Blaszkowsky LS, McDermott S, Guimaraes AR, Szymonifka J, Huynh MA, Ferrone CR, Wargo JA, Allen JN, Dias LE, Kwak EL, Lillemoe KD, Thayer SP, Murphy JE, Zhu AX, Sahani DV, Wo JY, Clark JW, Fernandez-Del Castillo C, Ryan DP, Hong TS. FOLFIRINOX in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: The Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center Experience. Oncologist 2013. PubMed
  • Michaelson MD, Zhu AX, Ryan DP, McDermott DF, Shapiro GI, Tye L, Chen I, Stephenson P, Patyna S, Ruiz-Garcia A, Schwarzberg AB. Sunitinib in combination with gemcitabine for advanced solid tumours: a phase I dose-finding study. Br J Cancer 2013; 108:1393-401. PubMed
  • Wolpin BM, Ng K, Zhu AX, Abrams T, Enzinger PC, McCleary NJ, Schrag D, Kwak EL, Allen JN, Bhargava P, Chan JA, Goessling W, Blaszkowsky LS, Supko JG, Elliot M, Sato K, Regan E, Meyerhardt JA, Fuchs CS. Multicenter Phase II Study of Tivozanib (AV-951) and Everolimus (RAD001) for Patients With Refractory, Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. Oncologist 2013. PubMed
  • Hyder O, Hatzaras I, Sotiropoulos GC, Paul A, Alexandrescu S, Marques H, Pulitano C, Barroso E, Clary BM, Aldrighetti L, Ferrone CR, Zhu AX, Bauer TW, Walters DM, Groeschl R, Gamblin TC, Marsh JW, Nguyen KT, Turley R, Popescu I, Hubert C, Meyer S, Choti MA, Gigot JF, Mentha G, Pawlik TM. Recurrence after operative management of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Surgery 2013. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Ancukiewicz M, Supko JG, Sahani DV, Blaszkowsky LS, Meyerhardt JA, Abrams TA, McCleary NJ, Bhargava P, Muzikansky A, Sheehan S, Regan E, Vasudev E, Knowles M, Fuchs CS, Ryan DP, Jain RK, Duda DG. Efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics, and biomarkers of cediranib monotherapy in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma: a phase II study. Clin Cancer Res 2013; 19:1557-66. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Gold PJ, El-Khoueiry AB, Abrams TA, Morikawa H, Ohishi N, Ohtomo T, Philip PA. First-in-man phase I study of GC33, a novel recombinant humanized antibody against glypican-3, in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Clin Cancer Res 2013; 19:920-8. PubMed
  • Goyal L, Muzumdar MD, Zhu AX. Targeting the HGF/c-MET Pathway in Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Clin Cancer Res 2013. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Salem R. Combining transarterial chemoembolization with radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma: one step forward? J Clin Oncol 2013; 31:406-8. PubMed
  • Kalva SP, Pectasides M, Yeddula K, Ganguli S, Blaszkowsky LS, Zhu AX. Factors affecting survival following chemoembolization with doxorubicin-eluting microspheres for inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma. J Vasc Interv Radiol 2013; 24:257-65. PubMed
  • Zhu AX. New agents on the horizon in hepatocellular carcinoma. Ther Adv Med Oncol 2013; 5:41-50. PubMed
  • Sahani DV, Jiang T, Hayano K, Duda DG, Catalano OA, Ancukiewicz M, Jain RK, Zhu AX. Magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers in hepatocellular carcinoma: association with response and circulating biomarkers after sunitinib therapy. J Hematol Oncol 2013; 6:51. PubMed
  • Chan JA, Ryan DP, Zhu AX, Abrams TA, Wolpin BM, Malinowski P, Regan EM, Fuchs CS, Kulke MH. Phase I study of pasireotide (SOM 230) and everolimus (RAD001) in advanced neuroendocrine tumors. Endocr. Relat. Cancer 2012; 19:615-23. PubMed
  • Jiang T, Zhu AX, Sahani DV. Established and novel imaging biomarkers for assessing response to therapy in hepatocellular carcinoma. J Hepatol 2012. PubMed
  • Zhu AX. Sorafenib use in hepatocellular carcinoma in Japan: early experience and impact on clinical practice. Clin Drug Investig 2012; 32 Suppl 2:1-2. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Knox JJ. Adjuvant therapy for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: the debate continues. Oncologist 2012; 17:1504-7. PubMed
  • Meyerhardt JA, Ancukiewicz M, Abrams TA, Schrag D, Enzinger PC, Chan JA, Kulke MH, Wolpin BM, Goldstein M, Blaszkowsky L, Zhu AX, Elliott M, Regan E, Jain RK, Duda DG. Phase I study of cetuximab, irinotecan, and vandetanib (ZD6474) as therapy for patients with previously treated metastastic colorectal cancer. PLoS ONE 2012; 7:e38231. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Duda DG, Sahani DV, Jain RK. HCC and angiogenesis: possible targets and future directions. Nat Rev Clin Oncol 2011. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Hezel AF. Development of molecularly targeted therapies in biliary tract cancers: reassessing the challenges and opportunities. Hepatology 2011; 53:695-704. PubMed
  • Chan JA, Blaszkowsky LS, Enzinger PC, Ryan DP, Abrams TA, Zhu AX, Temel JS, Schrag D, Bhargava P, Meyerhardt JA, Wolpin BM, Fidias P, Zheng H, Florio S, Regan E, Fuchs CS. A multicenter phase II trial of single-agent cetuximab in advanced esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma. Ann Oncol 2011. PubMed
  • Kalva SP, Iqbal SI, Yeddula K, Blaszkowsky LS, Akbar A, Wicky S, Zhu AX. Transarterial chemoembolization with Doxorubicin-eluting microspheres for inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma. Gastrointest Cancer Res 2011; 4:2-8. PubMed
  • Kozyreva ON, Chi D, Clark JW, Wang H, Theall KP, Ryan DP, Zhu AX. A multicenter retrospective study on clinical characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcome in elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Oncologist 2011; 16:310-8. PubMed
  • Deshpande V, Nduaguba A, Zimmerman SM, Kehoe SM, Macconaill LE, Lauwers GY, Ferrone C, Bardeesy N, Zhu AX, Hezel AF. Mutational profiling reveals PIK3CA mutations in gallbladder carcinoma. BMC Cancer 2011; 11:60. PubMed
  • Kulke MH, Chan JA, Meyerhardt JA, Zhu AX, Abrams TA, Blaszkowsky LS, Regan E, Sidor C, Fuchs CS. A prospective phase II study of 2-methoxyestradiol administered in combination with bevacizumab in patients with metastatic carcinoid tumors. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2010. PubMed
  • Wu J, Henderson C, Feun L, Van Veldhuizen P, Gold P, Zheng H, Ryan T, Blaszkowsky LS, Chen H, Costa M, Rosenzweig B, Nierodzik M, Hochster H, Muggia F, Abbadessa G, Lewis J, Zhu AX. Phase II study of darinaparsin in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Invest New Drugs 2010; 28:670-6. PubMed
  • Chan JA, Zhu AX, Stuart K, Bhargava P, Earle CC, Clark JW, Casey C, Regan E, Kulke MH. Phase II study of pemetrexed in patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumors. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2010; 66:961-8. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Duda DG, Ancukiewicz M, di Tomaso E, Clark JW, Miksad R, Fuchs CS, Ryan DP, Jain RK. Exploratory analysis of early toxicity of sunitinib in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma patients: Kinetics and potential biomarker value. Clin Cancer Res 2010. PubMed
  • Poultsides GA, Zhu AX, Choti MA, Pawlik TM. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Surg Clin North Am 2010; 90:817-37. PubMed
  • Hezel AF, Deshpande V, Zhu AX. Genetics of biliary tract cancers and emerging targeted therapies. J Clin Oncol 2010; 28:3531-40. PubMed
  • Eder JP, Shapiro GI, Appleman L, Zhu AX, Miles D, Keer HN, Cancilla B, Chu F, Hitchcock-Bryan S, Sherman L, McCallum SW, Heath EI, Boerner SA, Lorusso P. A Phase I Dose-Escalation Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Early Antitumor Activity of Foretinib. Clin Cancer Res 2010; 16:3507-16. PubMed
  • Burak KW, Thomas MB, Zhu AX. Nonoperative therapies for combined modality treatment of hepatocellular cancer: expert consensus conference. 2010; 12:321-2. PubMed
  • Zhu AX. Beyond sorafenib: novel targeted therapies for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Expert Opin Investig Drugs 2010; 19:663-72. PubMed
  • Zhu AX. Systemic treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma: dawn of a new era? Ann Surg Oncol 2010; 17:1247-56. PubMed
  • Rubbia-Brandt L, Lauwers GY, Wang H, Majno PE, Tanabe K, Zhu AX, Brezault C, Soubrane O, Abdalla EK, Vauthey JN, Mentha G, Terris B. Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome and nodular regenerative hyperplasia are frequent oxaliplatin-associated liver lesions and partially prevented by bevacizumab in patients with hepatic colorectal metastasis. Histopathology 2010; 56:430-9. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Meyerhardt JA, Blaszkowsky LS, Kambadakone AR, Muzikansky A, Zheng H, Clark JW, Abrams TA, Chan JA, Enzinger PC, Bhargava P, Kwak EL, Allen JN, Jain SR, Stuart K, Horgan K, Sheehan S, Fuchs CS, Ryan DP, Sahani DV. Efficacy and safety of gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab in advanced biliary-tract cancers and correlation of changes in 18-fluorodeoxyglucose PET with clinical outcome: a phase 2 study. Lancet Oncol 2010; 11:48-54. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Hong TS, Hezel AF, Kooby DA. Current management of gallbladder carcinoma. Oncologist 2010; 15:168-81. PubMed
  • Siegel AB, Zhu AX. Metabolic syndrome and hepatocellular carcinoma: two growing epidemics with a potential link. Cancer 2009; 115:5651-61. PubMed
  • Cleary JM, Tanabe KT, Lauwers GY, Zhu AX. Hepatic toxicities associated with the use of preoperative systemic therapy in patients with metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma to the liver. Oncologist 2009; 14:1095-105. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, El-Khoueiry A, Llovet JM. Accomplishments in 2008 in the management of hepatobiliary cancers. Gastrointest Cancer Res 2009; 3:S28-36. PubMed
  • Vora SR, Zheng H, Stadler ZK, Fuchs CS, Zhu AX. Serum alpha-fetoprotein response as a surrogate for clinical outcome in patients receiving systemic therapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Oncologist 2009; 14:717-25. PubMed
  • Zhu AX,Sahani DV,Duda DG,di Tomaso E,Ancukiewicz M,Catalano OA,Sindhwani V,Blaszkowsky LS,Yoon SS,Lahdenranta J,Bhargava P,Meyerhardt J,Clark JW,Kwak EL,Hezel AF,Miksad R,Abrams TA,Enzinger PC,Fuchs CS,Ryan DP,Jain RK. Efficacy, Safety, and Potential Biomarkers of Sunitinib Monotherapy in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Phase II Study. J Clin Oncol 2009; 27:3027-35. PubMed
  • Jain RK,Duda DG,Willett CG,Sahani DV,Zhu AX,Loeffler JS,Batchelor TT,Sorensen AG. Biomarkers of response and resistance to antiangiogenic therapy. Nat Rev Clin Oncol 2009; 6:327-338. PubMed
  • Benson AB 3rd,Abrams TA,Ben-Josef E,Bloomston PM,Botha JF,Clary BM,Covey A,Curley SA,D'Angelica MI,Davila R,Ensminger WD,Gibbs JF,Laheru D,Malafa MP,Marrero J,Meranze SG,Mulvihill SJ,Park JO,Posey JA,Sachdev J,Salem R,Sigurdson ER,Sofocleous C,Vauthey JN,Venook AP,Goff LW,Yen Y,Zhu AX. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Hepatobiliary Cancers. J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2009; 7:350-91. PubMed
  • Finn RS,Zhu AX. Targeting angiogenesis in hepatocellular carcinoma: focus on VEGF and bevacizumab. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 2009; 9:503-9. PubMed
  • Goulart BH,Clark JW,Lauwers GY,Ryan DP,Grenon N,Muzikansky A,Zhu AX. Long term survivors with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma treated with gemcitabine: a retrospective analysis. J Hematol Oncol 2009; 2:13. PubMed
  • Zhu AX,Ready N,Clark JW,Safran H,Amato A,Salem N,Pace S,He X,Zvereva N,Lynch TJ,Ryan DP,Supko JG. Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of gimatecan given orally once a week for 3 of 4 weeks in patients with advanced solid tumors. Clin Cancer Res 2009; 15:374-81. PubMed
  • Zhu AX,Clark JW. Commentary: Sorafenib use in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma and underlying Child-Pugh B cirrhosis: evidence and controversy. Oncologist 2009; 14:67-9. PubMed
  • Zhu AX,Raymond E. Early development of sunitinib in hepatocellular carcinoma. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 2008; 9:143-50. PubMed
  • Zhu AX. Predicting the response to sorafenib in hepatocellular carcinoma: where is the evidence for phosphorylated extracellular signaling-regulated kinase (pERK)? BMC Med 2009; 7:42. PubMed
  • Nathan H,Aloia TA,Vauthey JN,Abdalla EK,Zhu AX,Schulick RD,Choti MA,Pawlik TM. A proposed staging system for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Ann Surg Oncol 2008; 16:14-22. PubMed
  • Lipworth AD, Robert C, Zhu AX. Hand-foot syndrome (hand-foot skin reaction, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia): focus on sorafenib and sunitinib. Oncology 2009; 77:257-71. PubMed
  • Sainani NI,Catalano OA,Holalkere NS,Zhu AX,Hahn PF,Sahani DV. Cholangiocarcinoma: current and novel imaging techniques. Radiographics 2008; 28:1263-87. PubMed
  • Asomaning K,Reid AE,Zhou W,Heist RS,Zhai R,Su L,Kwak EL,Blaszkowsky L,Zhu AX,Ryan DP,Christiani DC,Liu G. MDM2 promoter polymorphism and pancreatic cancer risk and prognosis. Clin Cancer Res 2008; 14:4010-5. PubMed
  • Llovet JM,Di Bisceglie AM,Bruix J,Kramer BS,Lencioni R,Zhu AX,Sherman M,Schwartz M,Lotze M,Talwalkar J,Gores GJ. Design and endpoints of clinical trials in hepatocellular carcinoma. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2008; 100:698-711. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Abou-Alfa GK. Expanding the treatment options for hepatocellular carcinoma: combining transarterial chemoembolization with radiofrequency ablation. JAMA 2008; 299:1716-8. PubMed
  • Hezel AF, Zhu AX. Systemic therapy for biliary tract cancers. Oncologist 2008; 13:415-23. PubMed
  • Fuchs BC, Fujii T, Dorfman JD, Goodwin JM, Zhu AX, Lanuti M, Tanabe KK. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and integrin-linked kinase mediate sensitivity to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibition in human hepatoma cells. Cancer Res 2008; 68:2391-9. PubMed
  • Zhu AX. Successful targeted therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma: are we really getting there? Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 2008; 8:499-505. PubMed
  • Wheatley-Price P, Asomaning K, Reid A, Zhai R, Su L, Zhou W, Zhu A, Ryan DP, Christiani DC, Liu G. Myeloperoxidase and superoxide dismutase polymorphisms are associated with an increased risk of developing pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Cancer 2008; 112:1037-42. PubMed
  • Meyerhardt JA, Zhu AX, Stuart K, Ryan DP, Blaszkowsky L, Lehman N, Earle CC, Kulke MH, Bhargava P, Fuchs CS. Phase-II Study of Gemcitabine and Cisplatin in Patients with Metastatic Biliary and Gallbladder Cancer. Dig Dis Sci 2008; 53:564-70. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Holalkere NS, Muzikansky A, Horgan K, Sahani DV. Early antiangiogenic activity of bevacizumab evaluated by computed tomography perfusion scan in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Oncologist 2008; 13:120-5. PubMed
  • Zhu AX. Development of sorafenib and other molecularly targeted agents in hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer 2007; 112:250-9. PubMed
  • Ng K, Zhu AX. Targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor in metastatic colorectal cancer. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2007; 65:8-20. PubMed
  • Kulke MH, Blaszkowsky LS, Ryan DP, Clark JW, Meyerhardt JA, Zhu AX, Enzinger PC, Kwak EL, Muzikansky A, Lawrence C, Fuchs CS. Capecitabine plus erlotinib in gemcitabine-refractory advanced pancreatic cancer. J Clin Oncol 2007; 25:4787-92. PubMed
  • Meyerhardt JA, Clark JW, Supko JG, Eder JP, Ogino S, Stewart CF, D'Amato F, Dancey J, Enzinger PC, Zhu AX, Ryan DP, Earle CC, Mayer RJ, Michelini A, Kinsella K, Fuchs CS. Phase I study of gefitinib, irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2007; 60:661-70. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Stuart K, Blaszkowsky LS, Muzikansky A, Reitberg DP, Clark JW, Enzinger PC, Bhargava P, Meyerhardt JA, Horgan K, Fuchs CS, Ryan DP. Phase 2 study of cetuximab in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer 2007; 110:581-9. PubMed
  • Meyerhardt J, Stuart K, Fuchs C, Zhu A, Earle C, Bhargava P, Blaszkowsky L, Enzinger P, Mayer R, Battu S, Lawrence C, Ryan D. Phase II study of FOLFOX, bevacizumab and erlotinib as first-line therapy for patients with metastastic colorectal cancer. Ann Oncol 2007; 18:1185-9. PubMed
  • Lockhart AC, Bukowski R, Rothenberg ML, Wang KK, Cooper W, Grover J, Appleman L, Mayer PR, Shapiro M, Zhu AX. Phase I trial of oral MAC-321 in subjects with advanced malignant solid tumors. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2007; 60:203-9. PubMed
  • Sahani DV, Holalkere NS, Mueller PR, Zhu AX. Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: CT Perfusion of Liver and Tumor Tissue--Initial Experience. Radiology 2007; 243:736-43. PubMed
  • Kuruppu D, Brownell AL, Zhu A, Yu M, Wang X, Kulu Y, Fuchs BC, Kawasaki H, Tanabe KK. Positron emission tomography of herpes simplex virus 1 oncolysis. Cancer Res 2007; 67:3295-300. PubMed
  • Halyard MY, Jatoi A, Sloan JA, Bearden JD, Vora SA, Atherton PJ, Perez EA, Soori G, Zalduendo AC, Zhu A, Stella PJ, Loprinzi CL. Does Zinc Sulfate Prevent Therapy-Induced Taste Alterations in Head and Neck Cancer Patients? Results of Phase III Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial from the North Central Cancer Treatment Group (N01C4). Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2007; 67:1318-22. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Clark JW, Ryan DP, Meyerhardt JA, Enzinger PC, Earle CC, Fuchs CS, Regan E, Anbe H, Houghton M, Zhang J, Urrea P, Kulke MH. Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of S-1 administered for 14 days in a 21-day cycle in patients with advanced upper gastrointestinal cancer. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2006; 59:285-93. PubMed
  • Ryan DP, Appleman LJ, Lynch T, Supko JG, Fidias P, Clark JW, Fishman M, Zhu AX, Enzinger PC, Kashala O, Cusack J, Eder JP. Phase I clinical trial of bortezomib in combination with gemcitabine in patients with advanced solid tumors. Cancer 2006; 107:2482-9. PubMed
  • Wolpin BM, Clark JW, Meyerhardt JA, Earle CC, Ryan DP, Enzinger PC, Zhu AX, Blaszkowsky L, Battu S, Fuchs CS. Phase I study of gefitinib plus FOLFIRI in previously untreated patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Clin Colorectal Cancer 2006; 6:208-13. PubMed
  • Zhou X, Chen B, Hoopes PJ, Hasan T, Pogue BW. Tumor vascular area correlates with photosensitizer uptake: analysis of verteporfin microvascular delivery in the dunning rat prostate tumor. Photochem Photobiol 2007; 82:1348-57. PubMed
  • Kulke MH, Bergsland EK, Ryan DP, Enzinger PC, Lynch TJ, Zhu AX, Meyerhardt JA, Heymach JV, Fogler WE, Sidor C, Michelini A, Kinsella K, Venook AP, Fuchs CS. Phase II study of recombinant human endostatin in patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumors. J Clin Oncol 2006; 24:3555-61. PubMed
  • Eder JP, Ryan DP, Appleman L, Zhu AX, Puchalski T, He X, Sonnichsen DS, Cooper M, Wright J, Clark JW, Supko JG. Phase I clinical trial of the farnesyltransferase inhibitor BMS-214662 administered as a weekly 24 h continuous intravenous infusion in patients with advanced solid tumors. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2005; 58:107-116. PubMed
  • Kulke MH, Wu B, Ryan DP, Enzinger PC, Zhu AX, Clark JW, Earle CC, Michelini A, Fuchs CS. A phase II trial of irinotecan and cisplatin in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors. Dig Dis Sci 2006; 51:1033-8. PubMed
  • Meyerhardt JA, Heseltine D, Ogino S, Clark JW, Enzinger PC, Ryan DP, Earle CC, Zhu AX, Fuchs CS. Efficacy of cetuximab after treatment with oral epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor-based chemotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer. Clin Colorectal Cancer 2006; 6:59-65. PubMed
  • Meyerhardt JA, Zhu AX, Enzinger PC, Ryan DP, Clark JW, Kulke MH, Earle CC, Vincitore M, Michelini A, Sheehan S, Fuchs CS. Phase II study of capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and erlotinib in previously treated patients with metastastic colorectal cancer. J Clin Oncol 2006; 24:1892-7. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Blaszkowsky LS, Ryan DP, Clark JW, Muzikansky A, Horgan K, Sheehan S, Hale KE, Enzinger PC, Bhargava P, Stuart K. Phase II study of gemcitabine and oxaliplatin in combination with bevacizumab in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. J Clin Oncol 2006; 24:1898-903. PubMed
  • Willett CG, Boucher Y, Duda DG, di Tomaso E, Munn LL, Tong RT, Kozin SV, Petit L, Jain RK, Chung DC, Sahani DV, Kalva SP, Cohen KS, Scadden DT, Fischman AJ, Clark JW, Ryan DP, Zhu AX, Blaszkowsky LS, Shellito PC, Mino-Kenudson M, Lauwers GY. Surrogate markers for antiangiogenic therapy and dose-limiting toxicities for bevacizumab with radiation and chemotherapy: continued experience of a phase I trial in rectal cancer patients. J Clin Oncol 2005; 23:8136-9. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Fuchs CS, Clark JW, Muzikansky A, Taylor K, Sheehan S, Tam K, Yung E, Kulke MH, Ryan DP. A phase II study of epirubicin and thalidomide in unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma. Oncologist 2005; 10:392-8. PubMed
  • Willett CG, Del Castillo CF, Shih HA, Goldberg S, Biggs P, Clark JW, Lauwers G, Ryan DP, Zhu AX, Warshaw AL. Long-term results of intraoperative electron beam irradiation (IOERT) for patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. Ann Surg 2005; 241:295-9. PubMed
  • Tseng JF, Willett CG, Fernandez-del Castillo C, Ryan DP, Clark JW, Zhu AX, Rattner DW, Winkelmann JL, Warshaw AL. Patients undergoing treatment for pancreatic adenocarcinoma can mount an effective immune response to vaccinations. Pancreatology 2005; 5:67-74. PubMed
  • Leung JY, Zhu AX, Gordon FD, Pratt DS, Mithoefer A, Garrigan K, Terella A, Hertl M, Cosimi AB, Chung RT. Liver transplantation outcomes for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma: results of a multicenter study. Liver Transpl 2004; 10:1343-54. PubMed
  • Hesketh RL, Zhu AX, Oklu R. Radiomics and circulating tumor cells: personalized care in hepatocellular carcinoma? 2015; 21:78-84. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Duda DG, Sahani DV, Jain RK. Development of sunitinib in hepatocellular carcinoma: rationale, early clinical experience, and correlative studies. Cancer J 2009; 15:263-8. PubMed
  • Yoon SS, Aloia TA, Haynes AB, Kambadakone A, Kaur H, Vauthey JN, Ferrone CR, Zhu AX, Wo JY, Crane C, Hong TS. Surgical placement of biologic mesh spacers to displace bowel away from unresectable liver tumors followed by delivery of dose-intense radiation therapy. 2014; 4:167-73. PubMed
  • Wo JY, Childs SK, Szymonifka J, Mamon HJ, Ryan DP, Blaszkowsky LS, Kwak EL, Ferrone CR, Allen JN, Zhu AX, Wolpin BM, Chan JA, Abrams TA, McCleary NJ, Fernandez-Del Castillo C, Hong TS. Delaying chemoradiation until after completion of adjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer may not impact local control. 2014; 4:e117-23. PubMed
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