Photo of Howard L. Weiner,  MD

Howard L. Weiner, MD

Brigham And Women's Hospital

Brigham And Women's Hospital
Phone: (617) 525-5300

Howard L. Weiner, MD

Brigham And Women's Hospital

EDUCATIONAL TITLES

  • Robert L. Kroc Professor of Neurology, Neurology, Harvard Medical School
  • Director, Partners Multiple Sclerosis Center, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospita, Brigham And Women's Hospital
  • Co-Director, Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Brigham And Women's Hospital

DF/HCC PROGRAM AFFILIATION

Research Abstract

My background is in the field of neurology and immunology. My laboratory has had a long-term interest in the immunologic aspects of MS and the use of the mucosal immune system to treat autoimmune and other diseases I established and direct the Partners Multiple Sclerosis Center at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, which combines clinical evaluation, immunologic monitoring and MRI imaging and is the first integrated MS center that brings these disciplines to the individual care of the MS patient. I have endeavored over the years to investigate the underlying immune mechanisms associated with disease progression and response to therapy. This has involved the study of effector cell populations, regulatory T cells and the role of the innate immune system in different stages of MS and development of biomarkers. My laboratory interests include: immunoregulation in the EAE model of MS, mucosal immunology, microglia and immune mechanisms in other neurological diseases including Alzheimer’s disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and brain tumors.

Publications

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  • Esposito F, Sorosina M, Ottoboni L, Lim ET, Replogle JM, Raj T, Brambilla P, Liberatore G, Guaschino C, Romeo M, Pertel T, Stankiewicz JM, Martinelli V, Rodegher M, Weiner HL, Brassat D, Benoist C, Patsopoulos NA, Comi G, Elyaman W, Martinelli Boneschi F, De Jager PL. A pharmacogenetic study implicates SLC9a9 in multiple sclerosis disease activity. Ann Neurol 2015. PubMed
  • Murugaiyan G, da Cunha AP, Ajay AK, Joller N, Garo LP, Kumaradevan S, Yosef N, Vaidya VS, Weiner HL. MicroRNA-21 promotes Th17 differentiation and mediates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. J Clin Invest 2015; 125:1069-80. PubMed
  • Bhela S, Kempsell C, Manohar M, Dominguez-Villar M, Griffin R, Bhatt P, Kivisakk-Webb P, Fuhlbrigge R, Kupper T, Weiner H, Baecher-Allan C. Nonapoptotic and extracellular activity of granzyme B mediates resistance to regulatory T cell (Treg) suppression by HLA-DR-CD25hiCD127lo Tregs in multiple sclerosis and in response to IL-6. J Immunol 2015; 194:2180-9. PubMed
  • Rotstein DL, Healy BC, Malik MT, Chitnis T, Weiner HL. Evaluation of no evidence of disease activity in a 7-year longitudinal multiple sclerosis cohort. JAMA Neurol 2015; 72:152-8. PubMed
  • Rezende RM, da Cunha AP, Kuhn C, Rubino S, M'Hamdi H, Gabriely G, Vandeventer T, Liu S, Cialic R, Pinheiro-Rosa N, Oliveira RP, Gaublomme JT, Obholzer N, Kozubek J, Pochet N, Faria AM, Weiner HL. Identification and characterization of latency-associated peptide-expressing γδ T cells. Nat Commun 2015; 6:8726. PubMed
  • Quinn JF, Patel T, Wong D, Das S, Freedman JE, Laurent LC, Carter BS, Hochberg F, Van Keuren-Jensen K, Huentelman M, Spetzler R, Kalani MY, Arango J, Adelson PD, Weiner HL, Gandhi R, Goilav B, Putterman C, Saugstad JA. Extracellular RNAs: development as biomarkers of human disease. J Extracell Vesicles 2015; 4:27495. PubMed
  • Butovsky O, Jedrychowski MP, Cialic R, Krasemann S, Murugaiyan G, Fanek Z, Greco DJ, Wu PM, Doykan CE, Kiner O, Lawson RJ, Frosch MP, Pochet N, Fatimy RE, Krichevsky AM, Gygi SP, Lassmann H, Berry J, Cudkowicz ME, Weiner HL. Targeting miR-155 restores abnormal microglia and attenuates disease in SOD1 mice. Ann Neurol 2015; 77:75-99. PubMed
  • Mayo L, Trauger SA, Blain M, Nadeau M, Patel B, Alvarez JI, Mascanfroni ID, Yeste A, Kivisäkk P, Kallas K, Ellezam B, Bakshi R, Prat A, Antel JP, Weiner HL, Quintana FJ. Regulation of astrocyte activation by glycolipids drives chronic CNS inflammation. Nat Med 2014; 20:1147-56. PubMed
  • Yamasaki R, Lu H, Butovsky O, Ohno N, Rietsch AM, Cialic R, Wu PM, Doykan CE, Lin J, Cotleur AC, Kidd G, Zorlu MM, Sun N, Hu W, Liu L, Lee JC, Taylor SE, Uehlein L, Dixon D, Gu J, Floruta CM, Zhu M, Charo IF, Weiner HL, Ransohoff RM. Differential roles of microglia and monocytes in the inflamed central nervous system. J Exp Med 2014; 211:1533-49. PubMed
  • Butovsky O, Jedrychowski MP, Moore CS, Cialic R, Lanser AJ, Gabriely G, Koeglsperger T, Dake B, Wu PM, Doykan CE, Fanek Z, Liu L, Chen Z, Rothstein JD, Ransohoff RM, Gygi SP, Antel JP, Weiner HL. Identification of a unique TGF-β-dependent molecular and functional signature in microglia. Nat Neurosci 2013; 17:131-43. PubMed
  • Gandhi R, Healy B, Gholipour T, Egorova S, Musallam A, Hussain MS, Nejad P, Patel B, Hei H, Khoury S, Quintana F, Kivisakk P, Chitnis T, Weiner HL. Circulating microRNAs as biomarkers for disease staging in multiple sclerosis. Ann Neurol 2013; 73:729-40. PubMed
  • Frenkel D, Wilkinson K, Zhao L, Hickman SE, Means TK, Puckett L, Farfara D, Kingery ND, Weiner HL, El Khoury J. Scara1 deficiency impairs clearance of soluble amyloid-β by mononuclear phagocytes and accelerates Alzheimer's-like disease progression. Nat Commun 2013; 4:2030. PubMed
  • Murugaiyan G, Beynon V, Pires Da Cunha A, Joller N, Weiner HL. IFN-γ limits Th9-mediated autoimmune inflammation through dendritic cell modulation of IL-27. J Immunol 2012; 189:5277-83. PubMed
  • Ottoboni L, Keenan BT, Tamayo P, Kuchroo M, Mesirov JP, Buckle GJ, Khoury SJ, Hafler DA, Weiner HL, De Jager PL. An RNA profile identifies two subsets of multiple sclerosis patients differing in disease activity. Sci Transl Med 2012; 4:153ra131. PubMed
  • Butovsky O, Siddiqui S, Gabriely G, Lanser AJ, Dake B, Murugaiyan G, Doykan CE, Wu PM, Gali RR, Iyer LK, Lawson R, Berry J, Krichevsky AM, Cudkowicz ME, Weiner HL. Modulating inflammatory monocytes with a unique microRNA gene signature ameliorates murine ALS. J Clin Invest 2012; 122:3063-87. PubMed
  • Mayo L, Quintana FJ, Weiner HL. The innate immune system in demyelinating disease. Immunol Rev 2012; 248:170-87. PubMed
  • Weiner HL. Role of T cells in neuromyelitis optica. Ann Neurol 2012; 72:6-8. PubMed
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