Photo of Keith L. Ligon,  MD, PhD

Keith L. Ligon, MD, PhD

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Phone: (617) 632-2357
Fax: (617) 582-8761


keith_ligon@dfci.harvard.edu

Keith L. Ligon, MD, PhD

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

EDUCATIONAL TITLES

  • Associate Professor, Pathology, Harvard Medical School
  • Associate Pathologist and Neuropathologist, Pathology, Brigham And Women's Hospital
  • Consultant, Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital

DF/HCC PROGRAM AFFILIATION

Research Abstract

The focus of my work is on the basic and translational investigation of brain tumors. We specifically study developmental transcription factors and their role in brain tumor formation and neural stem cell biology. Translational studies in the lab utilize genomics and pathology tools to study humans tumors. Our lab has expertise in adult and pediatric gliomas and specifically our work has focused on use of human patient derived cell line and patient derived xenograft models (PDCL, PDX), mouse genetic models (GEMMs). We also have extensive collaborations around human clinical trials for brain tumors and development of biomarkers to improve outcomes of brain tumor patients.

Publications

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  • Green AL, Ramkissoon SH, McCauley D, Jones K, Perry JA, Hsu JH, Ramkissoon LA, Maire CL, Hubbell-Engler B, Knoff DS, Shacham S, Ligon KL, Kung AL. Preclinical antitumor efficacy of selective exportin 1 inhibitors in glioblastoma. 2015; 17:697-707. PubMed
  • Kim D, Fiske BP, Birsoy K, Freinkman E, Kami K, Possemato RL, Chudnovsky Y, Pacold ME, Chen WW, Cantor JR, Shelton LM, Gui DY, Kwon M, Ramkissoon SH, Ligon KL, Kang SW, Snuderl M, Vander Heiden MG, Sabatini DM. SHMT2 drives glioma cell survival in ischaemia but imposes a dependence on glycine clearance. Nature 2015. PubMed
  • Arvold ND, Tanguturi SK, Aizer AA, Wen PY, Reardon DA, Lee EQ, Nayak L, Christianson LW, Horvath MC, Dunn IF, Golby AJ, Johnson MD, Claus EB, Chiocca EA, Ligon KL, Alexander BM. Hypofractionated Versus Standard Radiation Therapy With or Without Temozolomide for Older Glioblastoma Patients. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2015. PubMed
  • Bergthold G, Bandopadhayay P, Hoshida Y, Ramkissoon S, Ramkissoon L, Rich B, Maire CL, Paolella BR, Schumacher SE, Tabak B, Ferrer-Luna R, Ozek M, Sav A, Santagata S, Wen PY, Goumnerova LC, Ligon AH, Stiles C, Segal R, Golub T, Grill J, Ligon KL, Chan JA, Kieran MW, Beroukhim R. Expression profiles of 151 pediatric low-grade gliomas reveal molecular differences associated with location and histological subtype. 2015. PubMed
  • Mistry M, Zhukova N, Merico D, Rakopoulos P, Krishnatry R, Shago M, Stavropoulos J, Alon N, Pole JD, Ray PN, Navickiene V, Mangerel J, Remke M, Buczkowicz P, Ramaswamy V, Guerreiro Stucklin A, Li M, Young EJ, Zhang C, Castelo-Branco P, Bakry D, Laughlin S, Shlien A, Chan J, Ligon KL, Rutka JT, Dirks PB, Taylor MD, Greenberg M, Malkin D, Huang A, Bouffet E, Hawkins CE, Tabori U. BRAF Mutation and CDKN2A Deletion Define a Clinically Distinct Subgroup of Childhood Secondary High-Grade Glioma. J Clin Oncol 2015; 33:1015-22. PubMed
  • Du Z, Abedalthagafi M, Aizer AA, McHenry AR, Sun HH, Bray MA, Viramontes O, Machaidze R, Brastianos PK, Reardon DA, Dunn IF, Freeman GJ, Ligon KL, Carpenter AE, Alexander BM, Agar NY, Rodig SJ, Bradshaw EM, Santagata S. Increased expression of the immune modulatory molecule PD-L1 (CD274) in anaplastic meningioma. 2015; 6:4704-16. PubMed
  • Ramkissoon SH, Bi WL, Schumacher SE, Ramkissoon LA, Haidar S, Knoff D, Dubuc A, Brown L, Burns M, Cryan JB, Abedalthagafi M, Kang YJ, Schultz N, Reardon DA, Lee EQ, Rinne ML, Norden AD, Nayak L, Ruland S, Doherty LM, LaFrankie DC, Horvath M, Aizer AA, Russo A, Arvold ND, Claus EB, Al-Mefty O, Johnson MD, Golby AJ, Dunn IF, Chiocca EA, Trippa L, Santagata S, Folkerth RD, Kantoff P, Rollins BJ, Lindeman NI, Wen PY, Ligon AH, Beroukhim R, Alexander BM, Ligon KL. Clinical implementation of integrated whole-genome copy number and mutation profiling for glioblastoma. 2015. PubMed
  • , Kundaje A, Meuleman W, Ernst J, Bilenky M, Yen A, Heravi-Moussavi A, Kheradpour P, Zhang Z, Wang J, Ziller MJ, Amin V, Whitaker JW, Schultz MD, Ward LD, Sarkar A, Quon G, Sandstrom RS, Eaton ML, Wu YC, Pfenning AR, Wang X, Claussnitzer M, Liu Y, Coarfa C, Harris RA, Shoresh N, Epstein CB, Gjoneska E, Leung D, Xie W, Hawkins RD, Lister R, Hong C, Gascard P, Mungall AJ, Moore R, Chuah E, Tam A, Canfield TK, Hansen RS, Kaul R, Sabo PJ, Bansal MS, Carles A, Dixon JR, Farh KH, Feizi S, Karlic R, Kim AR, Kulkarni A, Li D, Lowdon R, Elliott G, Mercer TR, Neph SJ, Onuchic V, Polak P, Rajagopal N, Ray P, Sallari RC, Siebenthall KT, Sinnott-Armstrong NA, Stevens M, Thurman RE, Wu J, Zhang B, Zhou X, Beaudet AE, Boyer LA, De Jager PL, Farnham PJ, Fisher SJ, Haussler D, Jones SJ, Li W, Marra MA, McManus MT, Sunyaev S, Thomson JA, Tlsty TD, Tsai LH, Wang W, Waterland RA, Zhang MQ, Chadwick LH, Bernstein BE, Costello JF, Ecker JR, Hirst M, Meissner A, Milosavljevic A, Ren B, Stamatoyannopoulos JA, Wang T, Kellis M. Integrative analysis of 111 reference human epigenomes. Nature 2015; 518:317-30. PubMed
  • Shou Y, Robinson DM, Amakye DD, Rose KL, Cho YJ, Ligon KL, Sharp T, Haider AS, Bandaru R, Ando Y, Geoerger B, Doz F, Ashley DM, Hargrave DR, Casanova M, Tawbi HA, Rodon J, Thomas AL, Mita AC, MacDonald TJ, Kieran MW. A five-gene hedgehog signature developed as a patient preselection tool for hedgehog inhibitor therapy in medulloblastoma. Clin Cancer Res 2015; 21:585-93. PubMed
  • Norden AD, Ligon KL, Hammond SN, Muzikansky A, Reardon DA, Kaley TJ, Batchelor TT, Plotkin SR, Raizer JJ, Wong ET, Drappatz J, Lesser GJ, Haidar S, Beroukhim R, Lee EQ, Doherty L, Lafrankie D, Gaffey SC, Gerard M, Smith KH, McCluskey C, Phuphanich S, Wen PY. Phase II study of monthly pasireotide LAR (SOM230C) for recurrent or progressive meningioma. Neurology 2015; 84:280-6. PubMed
  • Munoz JL, Rodriguez-Cruz V, Ramkissoon SH, Ligon KL, Greco SJ, Rameshwar P. Temozolomide resistance in glioblastoma occurs by miRNA-9-targeted PTCH1, independent of sonic hedgehog level. 2015; 6:1190-201. PubMed
  • Lee EQ, Reardon DA, Schiff D, Drappatz J, Muzikansky A, Grimm SA, Norden AD, Nayak L, Beroukhim R, Rinne ML, Chi AS, Batchelor TT, Hempfling K, McCluskey C, Smith KH, Gaffey SC, Wrigley B, Ligon KL, Raizer JJ, Wen PY. Phase II study of panobinostat in combination with bevacizumab for recurrent glioblastoma and anaplastic glioma. 2015. PubMed
  • Elliott G, Hong C, Xing X, Zhou X, Li D, Coarfa C, Bell RJ, Maire CL, Ligon KL, Sigaroudinia M, Gascard P, Tlsty TD, Harris RA, Schalkwyk LC, Bilenky M, Mill J, Farnham PJ, Kellis M, Marra MA, Milosavljevic A, Hirst M, Stormo GD, Wang T, Costello JF. Intermediate DNA methylation is a conserved signature of genome regulation. Nat Commun 2015; 6:6363. PubMed
  • Francis JM, Zhang CZ, Maire CL, Jung J, Manzo VE, Adalsteinsson VA, Homer H, Haidar S, Blumenstiel B, Pedamallu CS, Ligon AH, Love JC, Meyerson M, Ligon KL. EGFR variant heterogeneity in glioblastoma resolved through single-nucleus sequencing. 2014. PubMed
  • Fontebasso AM, Papillon-Cavanagh S, Schwartzentruber J, Nikbakht H, Gerges N, Fiset PO, Bechet D, Faury D, De Jay N, Ramkissoon LA, Corcoran A, Jones DT, Sturm D, Johann P, Tomita T, Goldman S, Nagib M, Bendel A, Goumnerova L, Bowers DC, Leonard JR, Rubin JB, Alden T, Browd S, Geyer JR, Leary S, Jallo G, Cohen K, Gupta N, Prados MD, Carret AS, Ellezam B, Crevier L, Klekner A, Bognar L, Hauser P, Garami M, Myseros J, Dong Z, Siegel PM, Malkin H, Ligon AH, Albrecht S, Pfister SM, Ligon KL, Majewski J, Jabado N, Kieran MW. Recurrent somatic mutations in ACVR1 in pediatric midline high-grade astrocytoma. Nat Genet 2014; 46:462-6. PubMed
  • Wen PY, Chang SM, Lamborn KR, Kuhn JG, Norden AD, Cloughesy TF, Robins HI, Lieberman FS, Gilbert MR, Mehta MP, Drappatz J, Groves MD, Santagata S, Ligon AH, Yung WK, Wright JJ, Dancey J, Aldape KD, Prados MD, Ligon KL. Phase I/II study of erlotinib and temsirolimus for patients with recurrent malignant gliomas: North American Brain Tumor Consortium trial 04-02. 2014; 16:567-78. PubMed
  • Watanabe H, Ma Q, Peng S, Adelmant G, Swain D, Song W, Fox C, Francis JM, Pedamallu CS, Deluca DS, Brooks AN, Wang S, Que J, Rustgi AK, Wong KK, Ligon KL, Liu XS, Marto JA, Meyerson M, Bass AJ. SOX2 and p63 colocalize at genetic loci in squamous cell carcinomas. J Clin Invest 2014; 124:1636-45. PubMed
  • Bergthold G, Bandopadhayay P, Bi WL, Ramkissoon L, Stiles C, Segal RA, Beroukhim R, Ligon KL, Grill J, Kieran MW. Pediatric low-grade gliomas: How modern biology reshapes the clinical field. Biochim Biophys Acta 2014; 1845:294-307. PubMed
  • Lee JW, Norden AD, Ligon KL, Golby AJ, Beroukhim R, Quackenbush J, Wells W, Oelschlager K, Maetzold D, Wen PY. Tumor associated seizures in glioblastomas are influenced by survival gene expression in a region-specific manner: A gene expression imaging study. Epilepsy Res 2014. PubMed
  • Akbay EA, Moslehi J, Christensen CL, Saha S, Tchaicha JH, Ramkissoon SH, Stewart KM, Carretero J, Kikuchi E, Zhang H, Cohoon TJ, Murray S, Liu W, Uno K, Fisch S, Jones K, Gurumurthy S, Gliser C, Choe S, Keenan M, Son J, Stanley I, Losman JA, Padera R, Bronson RT, Asara JM, Abdel-Wahab O, Amrein PC, Fathi AT, Danial NN, Kimmelman AC, Kung AL, Ligon KL, Yen KE, Kaelin WG, Bardeesy N, Wong KK. D-2-hydroxyglutarate produced by mutant IDH2 causes cardiomyopathy and neurodegeneration in mice. Genes Dev 2014; 28:479-90. PubMed
  • Brastianos PK, Taylor-Weiner A, Manley PE, Jones RT, Dias-Santagata D, Thorner AR, Lawrence MS, Rodriguez FJ, Bernardo LA, Schubert L, Sunkavalli A, Shillingford N, Calicchio ML, Lidov HG, Taha H, Martinez-Lage M, Santi M, Storm PB, Lee JY, Palmer JN, Adappa ND, Scott RM, Dunn IF, Laws ER, Stewart C, Ligon KL, Hoang MP, Van Hummelen P, Hahn WC, Louis DN, Resnick AC, Kieran MW, Getz G, Santagata S. Exome sequencing identifies BRAF mutations in papillary craniopharyngiomas. Nat Genet 2014; 46:161-5. PubMed
  • Chudnovsky Y, Kim D, Zheng S, Whyte WA, Bansal M, Bray MA, Gopal S, Theisen MA, Bilodeau S, Thiru P, Muffat J, Yilmaz OH, Mitalipova M, Woolard K, Lee J, Nishimura R, Sakata N, Fine HA, Carpenter AE, Silver SJ, Verhaak RG, Califano A, Young RA, Ligon KL, Mellinghoff IK, Root DE, Sabatini DM, Hahn WC, Chheda MG. ZFHX4 interacts with the NuRD core member CHD4 and regulates the glioblastoma tumor-initiating cell state. Cell Rep 2014; 6:313-24. PubMed
  • Maire CL, Ramkissoon S, Hayashi M, Haidar S, Ramkissoon L, DiTomaso E, Ligon KL. Pten loss in Olig2 expressing neural progenitor cells and oligodendrocytes leads to interneuron dysplasia and leukodystrophy. Stem Cells 2014; 32:313-26. PubMed
  • Gruber Filbin M, Dabral SK, Pazyra-Murphy MF, Ramkissoon S, Kung AL, Pak E, Chung J, Theisen MA, Sun Y, Franchetti Y, Sun Y, Shulman DS, Redjal N, Tabak B, Beroukhim R, Wang Q, Zhao J, Dorsch M, Buonamici S, Ligon KL, Kelleher JF, Segal RA. Coordinate activation of Shh and PI3K signaling in PTEN-deficient glioblastoma: new therapeutic opportunities. Nat Med 2013; 19:1518-23. PubMed
  • Ramaswamy V, Remke M, Bouffet E, Faria CC, Perreault S, Cho YJ, Shih DJ, Luu B, Dubuc AM, Northcott PA, Schüller U, Gururangan S, McLendon R, Bigner D, Fouladi M, Ligon KL, Pomeroy SL, Dunn S, Triscott J, Jabado N, Fontebasso A, Jones DT, Kool M, Karajannis MA, Gardner SL, Zagzag D, Nunes S, Pimentel J, Mora J, Lipp E, Walter AW, Ryzhova M, Zheludkova O, Kumirova E, Alshami J, Croul SE, Rutka JT, Hawkins C, Tabori U, Codispoti KE, Packer RJ, Pfister SM, Korshunov A, Taylor MD. Recurrence patterns across medulloblastoma subgroups: an integrated clinical and molecular analysis. Lancet Oncol 2013; 14:1200-7. PubMed
  • Ji M, Orringer DA, Freudiger CW, Ramkissoon S, Liu X, Lau D, Golby AJ, Norton I, Hayashi M, Agar NY, Young GS, Spino C, Santagata S, Camelo-Piragua S, Ligon KL, Sagher O, Xie XS. Rapid, label-free detection of brain tumors with stimulated Raman scattering microscopy. Sci Transl Med 2013; 5:201ra119. PubMed
  • Stevens M, Cheng JB, Li D, Xie M, Hong C, Maire CL, Ligon KL, Hirst M, Marra MA, Costello JF, Wang T. Estimating absolute methylation levels at single-CpG resolution from methylation enrichment and restriction enzyme sequencing methods. Genome Res 2013; 23:1541-53. PubMed
  • Zhang B, Zhou Y, Lin N, Lowdon RF, Hong C, Nagarajan RP, Cheng JB, Li D, Stevens M, Lee HJ, Xing X, Zhou J, Sundaram V, Elliott G, Gu J, Shi T, Gascard P, Sigaroudinia M, Tlsty TD, Kadlecek T, Weiss A, O'Geen H, Farnham PJ, Maire CL, Ligon KL, Madden PA, Tam A, Moore R, Hirst M, Marra MA, Zhang B, Costello JF, Wang T. Functional DNA methylation differences between tissues, cell types, and across individuals discovered using the M&M algorithm. Genome Res 2013; 23:1522-40. PubMed
  • Jones DT, Hutter B, Jäger N, Korshunov A, Kool M, Warnatz HJ, Zichner T, Lambert SR, Ryzhova M, Quang DA, Fontebasso AM, Stütz AM, Hutter S, Zuckermann M, Sturm D, Gronych J, Lasitschka B, Schmidt S, Seker-Cin H, Witt H, Sultan M, Ralser M, Northcott PA, Hovestadt V, Bender S, Pfaff E, Stark S, Faury D, Schwartzentruber J, Majewski J, Weber UD, Zapatka M, Raeder B, Schlesner M, Worth CL, Bartholomae CC, von Kalle C, Imbusch CD, Radomski S, Lawerenz C, van Sluis P, Koster J, Volckmann R, Versteeg R, Lehrach H, Monoranu C, Winkler B, Unterberg A, Herold-Mende C, Milde T, Kulozik AE, Ebinger M, Schuhmann MU, Cho YJ, Pomeroy SL, von Deimling A, Witt O, Taylor MD, Wolf S, Karajannis MA, Eberhart CG, Scheurlen W, Hasselblatt M, Ligon KL, Kieran MW, Korbel JO, Yaspo ML, Brors B, Felsberg J, Reifenberger G, Collins VP, Jabado N, Eils R, Lichter P, Pfister SM, . Recurrent somatic alterations of FGFR1 and NTRK2 in pilocytic astrocytoma. Nat Genet 2013; 45:927-32. PubMed
  • Norden AD, Lesser GJ, Drappatz J, Ligon KL, Hammond SN, Lee EQ, Reardon DR, Fadul CE, Plotkin SR, Batchelor TT, Zhu JJ, Beroukhim R, Muzikansky A, Doherty L, Lafrankie D, Smith K, Tafoya V, Lis R, Stack EC, Rosenfeld MR, Wen PY. Phase 2 study of dose-intense temozolomide in recurrent glioblastoma. 2013; 15:930-5. PubMed
  • Xie M, Hong C, Zhang B, Lowdon RF, Xing X, Li D, Zhou X, Lee HJ, Maire CL, Ligon KL, Gascard P, Sigaroudinia M, Tlsty TD, Kadlecek T, Weiss A, O'Geen H, Farnham PJ, Madden PA, Mungall AJ, Tam A, Kamoh B, Cho S, Moore R, Hirst M, Marra MA, Costello JF, Wang T. DNA hypomethylation within specific transposable element families associates with tissue-specific enhancer landscape. Nat Genet 2013; 45:836-41. PubMed
  • Ramkissoon LA, Horowitz PM, Craig JM, Ramkissoon SH, Rich BE, Schumacher SE, McKenna A, Lawrence MS, Bergthold G, Brastianos PK, Tabak B, Ducar MD, Van Hummelen P, MacConaill LE, Pouissant-Young T, Cho YJ, Taha H, Mahmoud M, Bowers DC, Margraf L, Tabori U, Hawkins C, Packer RJ, Hill DA, Pomeroy SL, Eberhart CG, Dunn IF, Goumnerova L, Getz G, Chan JA, Santagata S, Hahn WC, Stiles CD, Ligon AH, Kieran MW, Beroukhim R, Ligon KL. Genomic analysis of diffuse pediatric low-grade gliomas identifies recurrent oncogenic truncating rearrangements in the transcription factor MYBL1. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013; 110:8188-93. PubMed
  • Alexander BM, Ligon KL, Wen PY. Enhancing radiation therapy for patients with glioblastoma. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 2013; 13:569-81. PubMed
  • Brastianos PK, Horowitz PM, Santagata S, Jones RT, McKenna A, Getz G, Ligon KL, Palescandolo E, Van Hummelen P, Ducar MD, Raza A, Sunkavalli A, Macconaill LE, Stemmer-Rachamimov AO, Louis DN, Hahn WC, Dunn IF, Beroukhim R. Genomic sequencing of meningiomas identifies oncogenic SMO and AKT1 mutations. Nat Genet 2013; 45:285-9. PubMed
  • Phillips JJ, Aranda D, Ellison DW, Judkins AR, Croul SE, Brat DJ, Ligon KL, Horbinski C, Venneti S, Zadeh G, Santi M, Zhou S, Appin CL, Sioletic S, Sullivan LM, Martinez-Lage M, Robinson AE, Yong WH, Cloughesy T, Lai A, Phillips HS, Marshall R, Mueller S, Haas-Kogan DA, Molinaro AM, Perry A. PDGFRA Amplification is Common in Pediatric and Adult High-Grade Astrocytomas and Identifies a Poor Prognostic Group in IDH1 Mutant Glioblastoma. Brain Pathol 2013. PubMed
  • Eberlin LS, Norton I, Orringer D, Dunn IF, Liu X, Ide JL, Jarmusch AK, Ligon KL, Jolesz FA, Golby AJ, Santagata S, Agar NY, Cooks RG. Ambient mass spectrometry for the intraoperative molecular diagnosis of human brain tumors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013; 110:1611-6. PubMed
  • Munoz JL, Bliss SA, Greco SJ, Ramkissoon SH, Ligon KL, Rameshwar P. Delivery of Functional Anti-miR-9 by Mesenchymal Stem Cell-derived Exosomes to Glioblastoma Multiforme Cells Conferred Chemosensitivity. Mol Ther Nucleic Acids 2013; 2:e126. PubMed
  • Kieran MW, Roberts CW, Chi SN, Ligon KL, Rich BE, Macconaill LE, Garraway LA, Biegel JA. Absence of oncogenic canonical pathway mutations in aggressive pediatric rhabdoid tumors. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2012; 59:1155-7. PubMed
  • Shin J, Padmanabhan A, de Groh ED, Lee JS, Haidar S, Dahlberg S, Guo F, He S, Wolman MA, Granato M, Lawson ND, Wolfe SA, Kim SH, Solnica-Krezel L, Kanki JP, Ligon KL, Epstein JA, Look AT. Zebrafish neurofibromatosis type 1 genes have redundant functions in tumorigenesis and embryonic development. Dis Model Mech 2012; 5:881-94. PubMed
  • Quayle SN, Chheda MG, Shukla SA, Wiedemeyer R, Tamayo P, Dewan RW, Zhuang L, Huang-Hobbs E, Haidar S, Xiao Y, Ligon KL, Hahn WC, Chin L. Integrative functional genomics identifies RINT1 as a novel GBM oncogene. 2012; 14:1325-31. PubMed
  • Chi AS, Batchelor TT, Dias-Santagata D, Borger D, Stiles CD, Wang DL, Curry WT, Wen PY, Ligon KL, Ellisen L, Louis DN, Iafrate AJ. Prospective, high-throughput molecular profiling of human gliomas. J. Neurooncol. 2012; 110:89-98. PubMed
  • Rodriguez FJ, Ligon AH, Horkayne-Szakaly I, Rushing EJ, Ligon KL, Vena N, Garcia DI, Cameron JD, Eberhart CG. BRAF duplications and MAPK pathway activation are frequent in gliomas of the optic nerve proper. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2012; 71:789-94. PubMed
  • Panageas KS, Iwamoto FM, Cloughesy TF, Aldape KD, Rivera AL, Eichler AF, Louis DN, Paleologos NA, Fisher BJ, Ashby LS, Cairncross JG, Roldán Urgoiti GB, Wen PY, Ligon KL, Schiff D, Robins HI, Rocque BG, Chamberlain MC, Mason WP, Weaver SA, Green RM, Kamar FG, Abrey LE, Deangelis LM, Jhanwar SC, Rosenblum MK, Lassman AB. Initial treatment patterns over time for anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors. 2012; 14:761-7. PubMed
  • Craig JM, Vena N, Ramkissoon S, Idbaih A, Fouse SD, Ozek M, Sav A, Hill DA, Margraf LR, Eberhart CG, Kieran MW, Norden AD, Wen PY, Loda M, Santagata S, Ligon KL, Ligon AH. DNA fragmentation simulation method (FSM) and fragment size matching improve aCGH performance of FFPE tissues. PLoS ONE 2012; 7:e38881. PubMed
  • Quayle SN, Lee JY, Cheung LW, Ding L, Wiedemeyer R, Dewan RW, Huang-Hobbs E, Zhuang L, Wilson RK, Ligon KL, Mills GB, Cantley LC, Chin L. Somatic Mutations of PIK3R1 Promote Gliomagenesis. PLoS ONE 2012; 7:e49466. PubMed
  • Maire CL, Ligon KL. Glioma Models: New GEMMs Add "Class" with Genomic and Expression Correlations. Cancer Cell 2011; 19:295-7. PubMed
  • Mehta S, Huillard E, Kesari S, Maire CL, Golebiowski D, Harrington EP, Alberta JA, Kane MF, Theisen M, Ligon KL, Rowitch DH, Stiles CD. The Central Nervous System-Restricted Transcription Factor Olig2 Opposes p53 Responses to Genotoxic Damage in Neural Progenitors and Malignant Glioma. Cancer Cell 2011; 19:359-71. PubMed
  • Agar NY, Golby AJ, Ligon KL, Norton I, Mohan V, Wiseman JM, Tannenbaum A, Jolesz FA. Development of Stereotactic Mass Spectrometry for Brain Tumor Surgery. Neurosurgery 2011. PubMed
  • Drappatz J, Norden AD, Wong ET, Doherty LM, Lafrankie DC, Ciampa A, Kesari S, Sceppa C, Gerard M, Phan P, Schiff D, Batchelor TT, Ligon KL, Young G, Muzikansky A, Weiss SE, Wen PY. Phase I Study of Vandetanib with Radiotherapy and Temozolomide for Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2010; 78:85-90. PubMed
  • Eberlin LS, Dill AL, Golby AJ, Ligon KL, Wiseman JM, Cooks RG, Agar NY. Discrimination of human astrocytoma subtypes by lipid analysis using desorption electrospray ionization imaging mass spectrometry. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2010; 49:5953-6. PubMed
  • Mukasa A, Wykosky J, Ligon KL, Chin L, Cavenee WK, Furnari F. Mutant EGFR is required for maintenance of glioma growth in vivo, and its ablation leads to escape from receptor dependence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2010; 107:2616-21. PubMed
  • McIntire MG, Santagata S, Ligon K, Chirieac LR. Epidermal growth factor receptor gene amplification in atypical adenomatous hyperplasia of the lung. Am J Transl Res 2010; 2:309-15. PubMed
  • Idbaih A,Criniere E,Ligon KL,Delattre O,Delattre JY. Array-Based Genomics in Glioma Research. Brain Pathol 2010; 20:28-38. PubMed
  • Wen PY,Yung WK,Lamborn KR,Norden AD,Cloughesy TF,Abrey LE,Fine HA,Chang SM,Robins HI,Fink K,Deangelis LM,Mehta M,Di Tomaso E,Drappatz J,Kesari S,Ligon KL,Aldape K,Jain RK,Stiles CD,Egorin MJ,Prados MD. Phase II study of imatinib mesylate (Gleevec(R)) for recurrent meningiomas (North American Brain Tumor Consortium Study 01-08). Neuro-oncol 2009; 11:853-60. PubMed
  • Paik JH, Ding Z, Narurkar R, Ramkissoon S, Muller F, Kamoun WS, Chae SS, Zheng H, Ying H, Mahoney J, Hiller D, Jiang S, Protopopov A, Wong WH, Chin L, Ligon KL, DePinho RA. FoxOs cooperatively regulate diverse pathways governing neural stem cell homeostasis. Cell Stem Cell 2009; 5:540-53. PubMed
  • Snuderl M, Eichler AF, Ligon KL, Vu QU, Silver M, Betensky RA, Ligon AH, Wen PY, Louis DN, Iafrate AJ. Polysomy for chromosomes 1 and 19 predicts earlier recurrence in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas with concurrent 1p/19q loss. Clin Cancer Res 2009; 15:6430-7. PubMed
  • Emery B, Agalliu D, Cahoy JD, Watkins TA, Dugas JC, Mulinyawe SB, Ibrahim A, Ligon KL, Rowitch DH, Barres BA. Myelin gene regulatory factor is a critical transcriptional regulator required for CNS myelination. Cell 2009; 138:172-85. PubMed
  • Kesari S,Schiff D,Drappatz J,LaFrankie D,Doherty L,Macklin EA,Muzikansky A,Santagata S,Ligon KL,Norden AD,Ciampa A,Bradshaw J,Levy B,Radakovic G,Ramakrishna N,Black PM,Wen PY. Phase II study of protracted daily temozolomide for low-grade gliomas in adults. Clin Cancer Res 2009; 15:330-7. PubMed
  • Santagata S, Maire CL, Idbaih A, Geffers L, Correll M, Holton K, Quackenbush J, Ligon KL. CRX is a diagnostic marker of retinal and pineal lineage tumors. PLoS ONE 2009; 4:e7932. PubMed
  • MacConaill LE, Campbell CD, Kehoe SM, Bass AJ, Hatton C, Niu L, Davis M, Yao K, Hanna M, Mondal C, Luongo L, Emery CM, Baker AC, Philips J, Goff DJ, Fiorentino M, Rubin MA, Polyak K, Chan J, Wang Y, Fletcher JA, Santagata S, Corso G, Roviello F, Shivdasani R, Kieran MW, Ligon KL, Stiles CD, Hahn WC, Meyerson ML, Garraway LA. Profiling critical cancer gene mutations in clinical tumor samples. PLoS ONE 2009; 4:e7887. PubMed
  • Zheng H,Ying H,Yan H,Kimmelman AC,Hiller DJ,Chen AJ,Perry SR,Tonon G,Chu GC,Ding Z,Stommel JM,Dunn KL,Wiedemeyer R,You MJ,Brennan C,Wang YA,Ligon KL,Wong WH,Chin L,DePinho RA. p53 and Pten control neural and glioma stem/progenitor cell renewal and differentiation. Nature 2008; 455:1129-33. PubMed
  • Schuller U,Heine VM,Mao J,Kho AT,Dillon AK,Han YG,Huillard E,Sun T,Ligon AH,Qian Y,Ma Q,Alvarez-Buylla A,McMahon AP,Rowitch DH,Ligon KL. Acquisition of granule neuron precursor identity is a critical determinant of progenitor cell competence to form Shh-induced medulloblastoma. Cancer Cell 2008; 14:123-34. PubMed
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