Photo of Levi A. Garraway,  MD, PhD

Levi A. Garraway, MD, PhD

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Levi A. Garraway, MD, PhD

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

EDUCATIONAL TITLES

  • Associate Professor, Medicine, Harvard Medical School
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Medical Oncology Service, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

DF/HCC PROGRAM AFFILIATION

DF/HCC ASSOCIATIONS

  • Member, Center Scientific Council

Research Abstract

Our laboratory is pursuing combined genomic and functional approaches to the characterization of human solid tumors, with an emphasis on melanoma and prostate cancer. A major thrust of our work in recent years has been to perform comprehensive genomic characterization of a large collection of patient-derived melanoma "short-term" cultures and cell lines, and to apply both computation al and experimental approaches to identify the critical target genes and pathways enacted by these alterations. This approach has proved successful in several instances, including the identification of MITF as a "lineage survival" oncogene. Ongoing work involves the application of massively parallel sequencing approaches to identify novel chromosomal rearrangements in melanoma and prostate cancer, global studies of resistance to targeted anticancer agents, and systematic genetic and functional studies of human cancer cell lines.

A major effort in the lab involves mechanistic studies of hallmark tumor pathways that are perturbed by the most prevalent genomic alterations in human solid tumors. Prominent examples include the MAP kinase pathway, which is activated by oncogene mutations involving BRAF or NRAS in the vast majority of melanomas; and the PI3 kinase pathway, which is activated by mutation in many human cancers. Ongoing studies have identified mechanisms by which MAP kinase-dependent melanomas may become resistant to the targeted inhibitors in clinical development, as well as novel effector genes activated downstream of MAP kinase in melanoma. Work from our lab has also nominated a novel oncogenic effector mechanism within the PI3 kinase pathway. Together, these observations underscore the importance of linking specific tumor genetic alterations to key "druggable" cellular mechanisms, one of the overarching goals of our research.

Finally, our group has applied or adapted several genomic technologies to create avenues by which critical tumor genetic alterations might be identified rapidly in the clinical or translational setting. These integrative genomic and experimental approaches applied to melanoma and other tumor types offer considerable promise to aid investigators and patients alike along the path to rational cancer therapeutics

 

Publications

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  • Hsieh CL, Botta G, Gao S, Li T, Van Allen EM, Treacy DJ, Cai C, He HH, Sweeney CJ, Brown M, Balk SP, Nelson PS, Garraway LA, Kantoff PW. PLZF, a Tumor Suppressor Genetically Lost in Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer, is a Mediator of Resistance to Androgen Deprivation Therapy. Cancer Res 2015. PubMed
  • Van Allen EM, Garraway LA, Rosenberg JE. Re: Floris H. Groenendijk, Jeroen de Jong, Elisabeth E. Fransen van de Putte, et al. ERBB2 Mutations Characterize a Subgroup of Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancers with Excellent Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy. Eur Urol. In press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1 Eur Urol 2015. PubMed
  • Wilson FH, Johannessen CM, Piccioni F, Tamayo P, Kim JW, Van Allen EM, Corsello SM, Capelletti M, Calles A, Butaney M, Sharifnia T, Gabriel SB, Mesirov JP, Hahn WC, Engelman JA, Meyerson M, Root DE, Jänne PA, Garraway LA. A Functional Landscape of Resistance to ALK Inhibition in Lung Cancer. Cancer Cell 2015; 27:397-408. PubMed
  • Ahronian LG, Sennott EM, Van Allen EM, Wagle N, Kwak EL, Faris JE, Godfrey JT, Nishimura K, Lynch KD, Mermel CH, Lockerman EL, Kalsy A, Gurski JM, Bahl S, Anderka K, Green LM, Lennon NJ, Huynh TG, Mino-Kenudson M, Getz G, Dias-Santagata D, Iafrate AJ, Engelman JA, Garraway LA, Corcoran RB. Clinical Acquired Resistance to RAF Inhibitor Combinations in BRAF-Mutant Colorectal Cancer through MAPK Pathway Alterations. 2015. PubMed
  • Sharifnia T, Rusu V, Piccioni F, Bagul M, Imielinski M, Cherniack AD, Pedamallu CS, Wong B, Wilson FH, Garraway LA, Altshuler D, Golub TR, Root DE, Subramanian A, Meyerson M. Genetic modifiers of EGFR dependence in non-small cell lung cancer. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014; 111:18661-6. PubMed
  • Perry JA, Kiezun A, Tonzi P, Van Allen EM, Carter SL, Baca SC, Cowley GS, Bhatt AS, Rheinbay E, Pedamallu CS, Helman E, Taylor-Weiner A, McKenna A, DeLuca DS, Lawrence MS, Ambrogio L, Sougnez C, Sivachenko A, Walensky LD, Wagle N, Mora J, de Torres C, Lavarino C, Dos Santos Aguiar S, Yunes JA, Brandalise SR, Mercado-Celis GE, Melendez-Zajgla J, Cárdenas-Cardós R, Velasco-Hidalgo L, Roberts CW, Garraway LA, Rodriguez-Galindo C, Gabriel SB, Lander ES, Golub TR, Orkin SH, Getz G, Janeway KA. Complementary genomic approaches highlight the PI3K/mTOR pathway as a common vulnerability in osteosarcoma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014; 111:E5564-73. PubMed
  • Konieczkowski DJ, Johannessen CM, Abudayyeh O, Kim JW, Cooper ZA, Piris A, Frederick DT, Barzily-Rokni M, Straussman R, Haq R, Fisher DE, Mesirov JP, Hahn WC, Flaherty KT, Wargo JA, Tamayo P, Garraway LA. A melanoma cell state distinction influences sensitivity to MAPK pathway inhibitors. 2014. PubMed
  • Van Allen EM, Wagle N, Stojanov P, Perrin DL, Cibulskis K, Marlow S, Jane-Valbuena J, Friedrich DC, Kryukov G, Carter SL, McKenna A, Sivachenko A, Rosenberg M, Kiezun A, Voet D, Lawrence M, Lichtenstein LT, Gentry JG, Huang FW, Fostel J, Farlow D, Barbie D, Gandhi L, Lander ES, Gray SW, Joffe S, Janne P, Garber J, MacConaill L, Lindeman N, Rollins B, Kantoff P, Fisher SA, Gabriel S, Getz G, Garraway LA. Whole-exome sequencing and clinical interpretation of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor samples to guide precision cancer medicine. Nat Med 2014; 20:682-8. PubMed
  • Guancial EA, Werner L, Bellmunt J, Bamias A, Choueiri TK, Ross R, Schutz FA, Park RS, O'Brien RJ, Hirsch MS, Barletta JA, Berman DM, Lis R, Loda M, Stack EC, Garraway LA, Riester M, Michor F, Kantoff PW, Rosenberg JE. FGFR3 expression in primary and metastatic urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Cancer Med 2014. PubMed
  • Garraway LA. A Notch for noncoding RNA in melanoma. N Engl J Med 2014; 370:1950-1. PubMed
  • Wagle N, Grabiner BC, Van Allen EM, Hodis E, Jacobus S, Supko JG, Stewart M, Choueiri TK, Gandhi L, Cleary JM, Elfiky AA, Taplin ME, Stack EC, Signoretti S, Loda M, Shapiro GI, Sabatini DM, Lander ES, Gabriel SB, Kantoff PW, Garraway LA, Rosenberg JE. Activating mTOR mutations in a patient with an extraordinary response on a phase I trial of everolimus and pazopanib. 2014. PubMed
  • Pop MS, Stransky N, Garvie CW, Theurillat JP, Lewis TA, Zhong C, Culyba EK, Lin F, Daniels DS, Pagliarini R, Ronco L, Koehler AN, Garraway LA. A small molecule that binds and inhibits the ETV1 transcription factor oncoprotein. Mol Cancer Ther 2014. PubMed
  • Li H, Wawrose JS, Gooding WE, Garraway LA, Lui VW, Peyser ND, Grandis JR. Genomic analysis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines and human tumors: a rational approach to preclinical model selection. Mol Cancer Res 2014; 12:571-82. PubMed
  • Helming KC, Wang X, Wilson BG, Vazquez F, Haswell JR, Manchester HE, Kim Y, Kryukov GV, Ghandi M, Aguirre AJ, Jagani Z, Wang Z, Garraway LA, Hahn WC, Roberts CW. ARID1B is a specific vulnerability in ARID1A-mutant cancers. Nat Med 2014; 20:251-4. PubMed
  • Rosenberg JE, Bambury RM, Van Allen EM, Drabkin HA, Lara PN, Harzstark AL, Wagle N, Figlin RA, Smith GW, Garraway LA, Choueiri T, Erlandsson F, Laber DA. A phase II trial of AS1411 (a novel nucleolin-targeted DNA aptamer) in metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Invest New Drugs 2014; 32:178-87. PubMed
  • Lawrence MS, Stojanov P, Mermel CH, Robinson JT, Garraway LA, Golub TR, Meyerson M, Gabriel SB, Lander ES, Getz G. Discovery and saturation analysis of cancer genes across 21 tumour types. Nature 2014; 505:495-501. PubMed
  • Lui VW, Peyser ND, Ng PK, Hritz J, Zeng Y, Lu Y, Li H, Wang L, Gilbert BR, General IJ, Bahar I, Ju Z, Wang Z, Pendleton KP, Xiao X, Du Y, Vries JK, Hammerman PS, Garraway LA, Mills GB, Johnson DE, Grandis JR. Frequent mutation of receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases provides a mechanism for STAT3 hyperactivation in head and neck cancer. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014; 111:1114-9. PubMed
  • Polak P, Lawrence MS, Haugen E, Stoletzki N, Stojanov P, Thurman RE, Garraway LA, Mirkin S, Getz G, Stamatoyannopoulos JA, Sunyaev SR. Reduced local mutation density in regulatory DNA of cancer genomes is linked to DNA repair. Nat Biotechnol 2014; 32:71-5. PubMed
  • Van Allen EM, Wagle N, Sucker A, Treacy DJ, Johannessen CM, Goetz EM, Place CS, Taylor-Weiner A, Whittaker S, Kryukov GV, Hodis E, Rosenberg M, McKenna A, Cibulskis K, Farlow D, Zimmer L, Hillen U, Gutzmer R, Goldinger SM, Ugurel S, Gogas HJ, Egberts F, Berking C, Trefzer U, Loquai C, Weide B, Hassel JC, Gabriel SB, Carter SL, Getz G, Garraway LA, Schadendorf D, . The genetic landscape of clinical resistance to RAF inhibition in metastatic melanoma. 2014; 4:94-109. PubMed
  • Wagle N, Van Allen EM, Treacy DJ, Frederick DT, Cooper ZA, Taylor-Weiner A, Rosenberg M, Goetz EM, Sullivan RJ, Farlow DN, Friedrich DC, Anderka K, Perrin D, Johannessen CM, McKenna A, Cibulskis K, Kryukov G, Hodis E, Lawrence DP, Fisher S, Getz G, Gabriel SB, Carter SL, Flaherty KT, Wargo JA, Garraway LA. MAP kinase pathway alterations in BRAF-mutant melanoma patients with acquired resistance to combined RAF/MEK inhibition. 2014; 4:61-8. PubMed
  • Johannessen CM, Johnson LA, Piccioni F, Townes A, Frederick DT, Donahue MK, Narayan R, Flaherty KT, Wargo JA, Root DE, Garraway LA. A melanocyte lineage program confers resistance to MAP kinase pathway inhibition. Nature 2013; 504:138-42. PubMed
  • Vaishnavi A, Capelletti M, Le AT, Kako S, Butaney M, Ercan D, Mahale S, Davies KD, Aisner DL, Pilling AB, Berge EM, Kim J, Sasaki H, Park SI, Kryukov G, Garraway LA, Hammerman PS, Haas J, Andrews SW, Lipson D, Stephens PJ, Miller VA, Varella-Garcia M, Jänne PA, Doebele RC. Oncogenic and drug-sensitive NTRK1 rearrangements in lung cancer. Nat Med 2013; 19:1469-72. PubMed
  • Jaffe JD, Wang Y, Chan HM, Zhang J, Huether R, Kryukov GV, Bhang HE, Taylor JE, Hu M, Englund NP, Yan F, Wang Z, Robert McDonald E, Wei L, Ma J, Easton J, Yu Z, deBeaumount R, Gibaja V, Venkatesan K, Schlegel R, Sellers WR, Keen N, Liu J, Caponigro G, Barretina J, Cooke VG, Mullighan C, Carr SA, Downing JR, Garraway LA, Stegmeier F. Global chromatin profiling reveals NSD2 mutations in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Nat Genet 2013; 45:1386-91. PubMed
  • Hagerstrand D, Tong A, Schumacher SE, Ilic N, Shen RR, Cheung HW, Vazquez F, Shrestha Y, Kim SY, Giacomelli AO, Rosenbluh J, Schinzel AC, Spardy NA, Barbie DA, Mermel CH, Weir BA, Garraway LA, Tamayo P, Mesirov JP, Beroukhim R, Hahn WC. Systematic interrogation of 3q26 identifies TLOC1 and SKIL as cancer drivers. 2013; 3:1044-57. PubMed
  • Basu A, Bodycombe NE, Cheah JH, Price EV, Liu K, Schaefer GI, Ebright RY, Stewart ML, Ito D, Wang S, Bracha AL, Liefeld T, Wawer M, Gilbert JC, Wilson AJ, Stransky N, Kryukov GV, Dancik V, Barretina J, Garraway LA, Hon CS, Munoz B, Bittker JA, Stockwell BR, Khabele D, Stern AM, Clemons PA, Shamji AF, Schreiber SL. An interactive resource to identify cancer genetic and lineage dependencies targeted by small molecules. Cell 2013; 154:1151-61. PubMed
  • Antony R, Emery CM, Sawyer AM, Garraway LA. C-RAF mutations confer resistance to RAF inhibitors. Cancer Res 2013; 73:4840-51. PubMed
  • Lawrence MS, Stojanov P, Polak P, Kryukov GV, Cibulskis K, Sivachenko A, Carter SL, Stewart C, Mermel CH, Roberts SA, Kiezun A, Hammerman PS, McKenna A, Drier Y, Zou L, Ramos AH, Pugh TJ, Stransky N, Helman E, Kim J, Sougnez C, Ambrogio L, Nickerson E, Shefler E, Cortés ML, Auclair D, Saksena G, Voet D, Noble M, DiCara D, Lin P, Lichtenstein L, Heiman DI, Fennell T, Imielinski M, Hernandez B, Hodis E, Baca S, Dulak AM, Lohr J, Landau DA, Wu CJ, Melendez-Zajgla J, Hidalgo-Miranda A, Koren A, McCarroll SA, Mora J, Lee RS, Crompton B, Onofrio R, Parkin M, Winckler W, Ardlie K, Gabriel SB, Roberts CW, Biegel JA, Stegmaier K, Bass AJ, Garraway LA, Meyerson M, Golub TR, Gordenin DA, Sunyaev S, Lander ES, Getz G. Mutational heterogeneity in cancer and the search for new cancer-associated genes. Nature 2013; 499:214-8. PubMed
  • Lui VW, Hedberg ML, Li H, Vangara BS, Pendleton K, Zeng Y, Lu Y, Zhang Q, Du Y, Gilbert B, Freilino M, Sauerwein S, Peyser N, Xiao D, Diergaarde B, Wang L, Chiosea S, Seethala RR, Johnson JT, Kim S, Duvvuri U, Ferris RL, Romkes M, Nukui T, Ng PK, Garraway LA, Hammerman P, Mills GB, Grandis JR. Frequent mutation of the PI3K pathway in head and neck cancer defines predictive biomarkers. 2013. PubMed
  • Baca SC, Prandi D, Lawrence MS, Mosquera JM, Romanel A, Drier Y, Park K, Kitabayashi N, MacDonald TY, Ghandi M, Van Allen E, Kryukov GV, Sboner A, Theurillat JP, Soong TD, Nickerson E, Auclair D, Tewari A, Beltran H, Onofrio RC, Boysen G, Guiducci C, Barbieri CE, Cibulskis K, Sivachenko A, Carter SL, Saksena G, Voet D, Ramos AH, Winckler W, Cipicchio M, Ardlie K, Kantoff PW, Berger MF, Gabriel SB, Golub TR, Meyerson M, Lander ES, Elemento O, Getz G, Demichelis F, Rubin MA, Garraway LA. Punctuated evolution of prostate cancer genomes. Cell 2013; 153:666-77. PubMed
  • Garraway LA, Verwey J, Ballman K. Precision Oncology: An Overview. J Clin Oncol 2013. PubMed
  • Garraway LA. Genomics-Driven Oncology: Framework for an Emerging Paradigm. J Clin Oncol 2013. PubMed
  • Lin PC, Giannopoulou EG, Park K, Mosquera JM, Sboner A, Tewari AK, Garraway LA, Beltran H, Rubin MA, Elemento O. Epigenomic alterations in localized and advanced prostate cancer. Neoplasia 2013; 15:373-83. PubMed
  • Shao DD, Tsherniak A, Gopal S, Weir BA, Tamayo P, Stransky N, Schumacher SE, Zack TI, Beroukhim R, Garraway LA, Margolin AA, Root DE, Hahn WC, Mesirov JP. ATARiS: Computational quantification of gene suppression phenotypes from multisample RNAi screens. Genome Res 2013; 23:665-78. PubMed
  • Garraway LA, Lander ES. Lessons from the cancer genome. Cell 2013; 153:17-37. PubMed
  • Haq R, Yokoyama S, Hawryluk EB, Jönsson GB, Frederick DT, McHenry K, Porter D, Tran TN, Love KT, Langer R, Anderson DG, Garraway LA, Duncan LM, Morton DL, Hoon DS, Wargo JA, Song JS, Fisher DE. BCL2A1 is a lineage-specific antiapoptotic melanoma oncogene that confers resistance to BRAF inhibition. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013; 110:4321-6. PubMed
  • Whittaker SR, Theurillat JP, Van Allen E, Wagle N, Hsiao J, Cowley GS, Schadendorf D, Root DE, Garraway LA. A genome-scale RNA interference screen implicates NF1 loss in resistance to RAF inhibition. 2013; 3:350-62. PubMed
  • Huang FW, Hodis E, Xu MJ, Kryukov GV, Chin L, Garraway LA. Highly recurrent TERT promoter mutations in human melanoma. Science 2013; 339:957-9. PubMed
  • Demichelis F, Garraway LA, Rubin MA. Molecular archeology: unearthing androgen-induced structural rearrangements in prostate cancer genomes. Cancer Cell 2013; 23:133-5. PubMed
  • Hanna MC, Go C, Roden C, Jones RT, Pochanard P, Javed AY, Javed A, Mondal C, Palescandolo E, Van Hummelen P, Hatton C, Bass AJ, Chun SM, Na DC, Kim TI, Jang SJ, Osarogiagbon RU, Hahn WC, Meyerson M, Garraway LA, MacConaill LE. Colorectal cancers from distinct ancestral populations show variations in BRAF mutation frequency. PLoS ONE 2013; 8:e74950. PubMed
  • Kieran MW, Roberts CW, Chi SN, Ligon KL, Rich BE, Macconaill LE, Garraway LA, Biegel JA. Absence of oncogenic canonical pathway mutations in aggressive pediatric rhabdoid tumors. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2012; 59:1155-7. PubMed
  • Daniels AB, Lee JE, Macconaill LE, Palescandolo E, Van Hummelen P, Adams SM, Deangelis MM, Hahn WC, Gragoudas ES, Harbour JW, Garraway LA, Kim IK. High throughput mass spectrometry-based mutation profiling of primary uveal melanoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2012; 53:6991-6. PubMed
  • Gray SW, Hicks-Courant K, Lathan CS, Garraway L, Park ER, Weeks JC. Attitudes of patients with cancer about personalized medicine and somatic genetic testing. J Oncol Pract 2013; 8:329-35, 2 p following 335. PubMed
  • Ercan D, Xu C, Yanagita M, Monast CS, Pratilas CA, Montero J, Butaney M, Shimamura T, Sholl L, Ivanova EV, Tadi M, Rogers A, Repellin C, Capelletti M, Maertens O, Goetz EM, Letai A, Garraway LA, Lazzara MJ, Rosen N, Gray NS, Wong KK, Jänne PA. Reactivation of ERK signaling causes resistance to EGFR kinase inhibitors. 2012; 2:934-47. PubMed
  • Balko JM, Mayer IA, Sanders ME, Miller TW, Kuba MG, Meszoely IM, Wagle N, Garraway LA, Arteaga CL. Discordant Cellular Response to Presurgical Letrozole in Bilateral Synchronous ER+ Breast Cancers with a KRAS Mutation or FGFR1 Gene Amplification. Mol Cancer Ther 2012; 11:2301-5. PubMed
  • Imielinski M, Berger AH, Hammerman PS, Hernandez B, Pugh TJ, Hodis E, Cho J, Suh J, Capelletti M, Sivachenko A, Sougnez C, Auclair D, Lawrence MS, Stojanov P, Cibulskis K, Choi K, de Waal L, Sharifnia T, Brooks A, Greulich H, Banerji S, Zander T, Seidel D, Leenders F, Ansén S, Ludwig C, Engel-Riedel W, Stoelben E, Wolf J, Goparju C, Thompson K, Winckler W, Kwiatkowski D, Johnson BE, Jänne PA, Miller VA, Pao W, Travis WD, Pass HI, Gabriel SB, Lander ES, Thomas RK, Garraway LA, Getz G, Meyerson M. Mapping the hallmarks of lung adenocarcinoma with massively parallel sequencing. Cell 2012; 150:1107-20. PubMed
  • Garraway LA, Baselga J. Whole-genome sequencing and cancer therapy: is too much ever enough? 2012; 2:766-8. PubMed
  • Garraway LA. Concordance and discordance in tumor genomic profiling. J Clin Oncol 2012; 30:2937-9. PubMed
  • Konieczkowski DJ, Garraway LA. Resistance to EGFR blockade in colorectal cancer: liquid biopsies and latent subclones. Cell Res 2012. PubMed
  • Hodis E, Watson IR, Kryukov GV, Arold ST, Imielinski M, Theurillat JP, Nickerson E, Auclair D, Li L, Place C, Dicara D, Ramos AH, Lawrence MS, Cibulskis K, Sivachenko A, Voet D, Saksena G, Stransky N, Onofrio RC, Winckler W, Ardlie K, Wagle N, Wargo J, Chong K, Morton DL, Stemke-Hale K, Chen G, Noble M, Meyerson M, Ladbury JE, Davies MA, Gershenwald JE, Wagner SN, Hoon DS, Schadendorf D, Lander ES, Gabriel SB, Getz G, Garraway LA, Chin L. A landscape of driver mutations in melanoma. Cell 2012; 150:251-63. PubMed
  • Banerji S, Cibulskis K, Rangel-Escareno C, Brown KK, Carter SL, Frederick AM, Lawrence MS, Sivachenko AY, Sougnez C, Zou L, Cortes ML, Fernandez-Lopez JC, Peng S, Ardlie KG, Auclair D, Bautista-Piña V, Duke F, Francis J, Jung J, Maffuz-Aziz A, Onofrio RC, Parkin M, Pho NH, Quintanar-Jurado V, Ramos AH, Rebollar-Vega R, Rodriguez-Cuevas S, Romero-Cordoba SL, Schumacher SE, Stransky N, Thompson KM, Uribe-Figueroa L, Baselga J, Beroukhim R, Polyak K, Sgroi DC, Richardson AL, Jimenez-Sanchez G, Lander ES, Gabriel SB, Garraway LA, Golub TR, Melendez-Zajgla J, Toker A, Getz G, Hidalgo-Miranda A, Meyerson M. Sequence analysis of mutations and translocations across breast cancer subtypes. Nature 2012; 486:405-9. PubMed
  • Barbieri CE, Baca SC, Lawrence MS, Demichelis F, Blattner M, Theurillat JP, White TA, Stojanov P, Van Allen E, Stransky N, Nickerson E, Chae SS, Boysen G, Auclair D, Onofrio RC, Park K, Kitabayashi N, MacDonald TY, Sheikh K, Vuong T, Guiducci C, Cibulskis K, Sivachenko A, Carter SL, Saksena G, Voet D, Hussain WM, Ramos AH, Winckler W, Redman MC, Ardlie K, Tewari AK, Mosquera JM, Rupp N, Wild PJ, Moch H, Morrissey C, Nelson PS, Kantoff PW, Gabriel SB, Golub TR, Meyerson M, Lander ES, Getz G, Rubin MA, Garraway LA. Exome sequencing identifies recurrent SPOP, FOXA1 and MED12 mutations in prostate cancer. Nat Genet 2012; 44:685-9. PubMed
  • Tsao H, Chin L, Garraway LA, Fisher DE. Melanoma: from mutations to medicine. Genes Dev 2012; 26:1131-55. PubMed
  • Ceol CJ, Houvras Y, Jane-Valbuena J, Bilodeau S, Orlando DA, Battisti V, Fritsch L, Lin WM, Hollmann TJ, Ferré F, Bourque C, Burke CJ, Turner L, Uong A, Johnson LA, Beroukhim R, Mermel CH, Loda M, Ait-Si-Ali S, Garraway LA, Young RA, Zon LI. The histone methyltransferase SETDB1 is recurrently amplified in melanoma and accelerates its onset. Nature 2011; 471:513-7. PubMed
  • Chapman MA, Lawrence MS, Keats JJ, Cibulskis K, Sougnez C, Schinzel AC, Harview CL, Brunet JP, Ahmann GJ, Adli M, Anderson KC, Ardlie KG, Auclair D, Baker A, Bergsagel PL, Bernstein BE, Drier Y, Fonseca R, Gabriel SB, Hofmeister CC, Jagannath S, Jakubowiak AJ, Krishnan A, Levy J, Liefeld T, Lonial S, Mahan S, Mfuko B, Monti S, Perkins LM, Onofrio R, Pugh TJ, Rajkumar SV, Ramos AH, Siegel DS, Sivachenko A, Stewart AK, Trudel S, Vij R, Voet D, Winckler W, Zimmerman T, Carpten J, Trent J, Hahn WC, Garraway LA, Meyerson M, Lander ES, Getz G, Golub TR. Initial genome sequencing and analysis of multiple myeloma. Nature 2011; 471:467-72. PubMed
  • Wagle N, Emery C, Berger MF, Davis MJ, Sawyer A, Pochanard P, Kehoe SM, Johannessen CM, Macconaill LE, Hahn WC, Meyerson M, Garraway LA. Dissecting Therapeutic Resistance to RAF Inhibition in Melanoma by Tumor Genomic Profiling. J Clin Oncol 2011. PubMed
  • Kiessling MK, Oberholzer PA, Mondal C, Karpova MB, Zipser MC, Lin WM, Girardi M, Macconaill LE, Kehoe SM, Hatton C, French LE, Garraway LA, Polier G, Süss D, Klemke CD, Krammer PH, Gülow K, Dummer R. High-throughput mutation profiling of CTCL samples reveals KRAS and NRAS mutations sensitizing tumors toward inhibition of the RAS/RAF/MEK signaling cascade. Blood 2011; 117:2433-40. PubMed
  • Berger MF, Lawrence MS, Demichelis F, Drier Y, Cibulskis K, Sivachenko AY, Sboner A, Esgueva R, Pflueger D, Sougnez C, Onofrio R, Carter SL, Park K, Habegger L, Ambrogio L, Fennell T, Parkin M, Saksena G, Voet D, Ramos AH, Pugh TJ, Wilkinson J, Fisher S, Winckler W, Mahan S, Ardlie K, Baldwin J, Simons JW, Kitabayashi N, MacDonald TY, Kantoff PW, Chin L, Gabriel SB, Gerstein MB, Golub TR, Meyerson M, Tewari A, Lander ES, Getz G, Rubin MA, Garraway LA. The genomic complexity of primary human prostate cancer. Nature 2011; 470:214-20. PubMed
  • Vasudevan KM, Garraway LA. AKT Signaling in Physiology and Disease. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 2010; 347:105-33. PubMed
  • Johannessen CM, Boehm JS, Kim SY, Thomas SR, Wardwell L, Johnson LA, Emery CM, Stransky N, Cogdill AP, Barretina J, Caponigro G, Hieronymus H, Murray RR, Salehi-Ashtiani K, Hill DE, Vidal M, Zhao JJ, Yang X, Alkan O, Kim S, Harris JL, Wilson CJ, Myer VE, Finan PM, Root DE, Roberts TM, Golub T, Flaherty KT, Dummer R, Weber BL, Sellers WR, Schlegel R, Wargo JA, Hahn WC, Garraway LA. COT drives resistance to RAF inhibition through MAP kinase pathway reactivation. Nature 2010; 468:968-72. PubMed
  • Levy C, Khaled M, Iliopoulos D, Janas MM, Schubert S, Pinner S, Chen PH, Li S, Fletcher AL, Yokoyama S, Scott KL, Garraway LA, Song JS, Granter SR, Turley SJ, Fisher DE, Novina CD. Intronic miR-211 Assumes the Tumor Suppressive Function of Its Host Gene in Melanoma. Mol Cell 2010; 40:841-849. PubMed
  • Akavia UD, Litvin O, Kim J, Sanchez-Garcia F, Kotliar D, Causton HC, Pochanard P, Mozes E, Garraway LA, Pe'er D. An Integrated Approach to Uncover Drivers of Cancer. Cell 2010; 143:1005-1017. PubMed
  • Macconaill LE, Garraway LA. Clinical Implications of the Cancer Genome. J Clin Oncol 2010; 28:5219-28. PubMed
  • Badalian-Very G, Vergilio JA, Degar BA, MacConaill LE, Brandner B, Calicchio ML, Kuo FC, Ligon AH, Stevenson KE, Kehoe SM, Garraway LA, Hahn WC, Meyerson M, Fleming MD, Rollins BJ. Recurrent BRAF mutations in Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Blood 2010; 116:1919-23. PubMed
  • Barretina J, Taylor BS, Banerji S, Ramos AH, Lagos-Quintana M, Decarolis PL, Shah K, Socci ND, Weir BA, Ho A, Chiang DY, Reva B, Mermel CH, Getz G, Antipin Y, Beroukhim R, Major JE, Hatton C, Nicoletti R, Hanna M, Sharpe T, Fennell TJ, Cibulskis K, Onofrio RC, Saito T, Shukla N, Lau C, Nelander S, Silver SJ, Sougnez C, Viale A, Winckler W, Maki RG, Garraway LA, Lash A, Greulich H, Root DE, Sellers WR, Schwartz GK, Antonescu CR, Lander ES, Varmus HE, Ladanyi M, Sander C, Meyerson M, Singer S. Subtype-specific genomic alterations define new targets for soft-tissue sarcoma therapy. Nat Genet 2010; 42:715-21. PubMed
  • Garraway LA, Hahn WC. On or off target: mutations, models, and predictions. Sci Transl Med 2010; 2:35ps28. PubMed
  • Berger MF, Levin JZ, Vijayendran K, Sivachenko A, Adiconis X, Maguire J, Johnson LA, Robinson J, Verhaak RG, Sougnez C, Onofrio RC, Ziaugra L, Cibulskis K, Laine E, Barretina J, Winckler W, Fisher DE, Getz G, Meyerson M, Jaffe DB, Gabriel SB, Lander ES, Dummer R, Gnirke A, Nusbaum C, Garraway LA. Integrative analysis of the melanoma transcriptome. Genome Res 2010; 20:413-27. PubMed
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