Photo of Peter James,  ScD

Peter James, ScD

Harvard Medical School

Harvard Medical School
Phone: (617) 867-4850


pjames@hsph.harvard.edu

Peter James, ScD

Harvard Medical School

EDUCATIONAL TITLES

  • Assistant Professor, Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School

DF/HCC PROGRAM AFFILIATION

Research Abstract

Trained in environmental health and epidemiology, Peter has focused his research on estimating the influence of geographic contextual factors, including exposure to nature, the built environment, the food environment, air pollution, light pollution, noise, and socioeconomic factors, on health behaviors and chronic disease, including cancer. He has almost a decade of experience working with large prospective cohort studies, including the Nurses’ Health Studies, the Framingham Heart Study, and the Southern Community Cohort Study, where he has aided in the creation of many geographic-based variables and linked them to health data. More recently, through funding from the National Cancer Institute, he is developing methodologies to assess real-time, high spatio-temporal resolution objective measures of location, physical activity, and sleep by linking smartphone-based global positioning systems (GPS) and wearable device accelerometry data to understand how contextual factors influence behavioral risk factors for cancer.

Publications

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  • Hart JE, Bertrand KA, DuPre N, James P, Vieira VM, VoPham T, Mittleman MR, Tamimi RM, Laden F. Exposure to hazardous air pollutants and risk of incident breast cancer in the nurses' health study II. Environ Health 2018; 17:28. PubMed
  • Bezold CP, Banay RF, Coull BA, Hart JE, James P, Kubzansky LD, Missmer SA, Laden F. The relationship between surrounding greenness in childhood and adolescence and depressive symptoms in adolescence and early adulthood. Ann Epidemiol 2018. PubMed
  • Whitfield GP, Carlson SA, Ussery EN, Watson KB, Adams MA, James P, Brownson RC, Berrigan D, Fulton JE. Environmental Supports for Physical Activity, National Health Interview Survey-2015. Am J Prev Med 2018; 54:294-298. PubMed
  • Fong KC, Hart JE, James P. A Review of Epidemiologic Studies on Greenness and Health: Updated Literature Through 2017. Curr Environ Health Rep 2018. PubMed
  • Bezold CP, Banay RF, Coull BA, Hart JE, James P, Kubzansky LD, Missmer SA, Laden F. The Association Between Natural Environments and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents Living in the United States. J Adolesc Health 2017. PubMed
  • Casey JA, James P, Cushing L, Jesdale BM, Morello-Frosch R. Race, Ethnicity, Income Concentration and 10-Year Change in Urban Greenness in the United States. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018. PubMed
  • Cespedes Feliciano EM, Quante M, Weng J, Mitchell JA, James P, Marinac CR, Mariani S, Redline S, Kerr J, Godbole S, Manteiga A, Wang D, Hipp JA. Actigraphy-Derived Daily Rest-Activity Patterns and Body Mass Index in Community-Dwelling Adults. Sleep 2018. PubMed
  • James P, Kioumourtzoglou MA, Hart JE, Banay RF, Kloog I, Laden F. Interrelationships Between Walkability, Air Pollution, Greenness, and Body Mass Index. Epidemiology 2017; 28:780-788. PubMed
  • VoPham T, DuPré N, Tamimi RM, James P, Bertrand KA, Vieira V, Laden F, Hart JE. Environmental radon exposure and breast cancer risk in the Nurses' Health Study II. Environ Health 2017; 16:97. PubMed
  • James P, Bertrand KA, Hart JE, Schernhammer ES, Tamimi RM, Laden F. Outdoor Light at Night and Breast Cancer Incidence in the Nurses' Health Study II. Environ Health Perspect 2017; 125:087010. PubMed
  • Mitchell JA, Quante M, Godbole S, James P, Hipp JA, Marinac CR, Mariani S, Cespedes Feliciano EM, Glanz K, Laden F, Wang R, Weng J, Redline S, Kerr J. Variation in actigraphy-estimated rest-activity patterns by demographic factors. Chronobiol. Int. 2017. PubMed
  • James P, Hart JE, Hipp JA, Mitchell JA, Kerr J, Hurvitz PM, Glanz K, Laden F. GPS-Based Exposure to Greenness and Walkability and Accelerometry-Based Physical Activity. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2017; 26:525-532. PubMed
  • Banay RF, Bezold CP, James P, Hart JE, Laden F. Residential greenness: current perspectives on its impact on maternal health and pregnancy outcomes. Int J Womens Health 2017; 9:133-144. PubMed
  • Murray K, Godbole S, Natarajan L, Full K, Hipp JA, Glanz K, Mitchell J, Laden F, James P, Quante M, Kerr J. The relations between sleep, time of physical activity, and time outdoors among adult women. PLoS ONE 2017; 12:e0182013. PubMed
  • James P, Seward MW, James O'Malley A, Subramanian SV, Block JP. Changes in the food environment over time: examining 40 years of data in the Framingham Heart Study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2017; 14:84. PubMed
  • Casey JA, Morello-Frosch R, Mennitt DJ, Fristrup K, Ogburn EL, James P. Race/Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, Residential Segregation, and Spatial Variation in Noise Exposure in the Contiguous United States. Environ Health Perspect 2018; 125:077017. PubMed
  • Troped PJ, Tamura K, McDonough MH, Starnes HA, James P, Ben-Joseph E, Cromley E, Puett R, Melly SJ, Laden F. Direct and Indirect Associations Between the Built Environment and Leisure and Utilitarian Walking in Older Women. Ann Behav Med 2016. PubMed
  • Kerr J, Marinac CR, Ellis K, Godbole S, Hipp A, Glanz K, Mitchell J, Laden F, James P, Berrigan D. Comparison of Accelerometry Methods for Estimating Physical Activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2016. PubMed
  • James P, Hart JE, Banay RF, Laden F, Signorello LB. Built Environment and Depression in Low-Income African Americans and Whites. Am J Prev Med 2016. PubMed
  • James P, Jankowska M, Marx C, Hart JE, Berrigan D, Kerr J, Hurvitz PM, Hipp JA, Laden F. "Spatial Energetics": Integrating Data From GPS, Accelerometry, and GIS to Address Obesity and Inactivity. Am J Prev Med 2016. PubMed
  • Tucker-Seeley RD, Bezold CP, James P, Miller M, Wallington SF. Retail pharmacy policy to end the sale of tobacco products: what is the impact on disparity in neighborhood density of tobacco outlets? Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2016. PubMed
  • Mitchell JA, Godbole S, Moran K, Murray K, James P, Laden F, Hipp JA, Kerr J, Glanz K. No Evidence of Reciprocal Associations between Daily Sleep and Physical Activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2016. PubMed
  • Hart JE, Bertrand KA, DuPre N, James P, Vieira VM, Tamimi RM, Laden F. Long-Term Particulate Matter Exposures During Adulthood and Risk of Breast Cancer Incidence in the Nurses' Health Study II Prospective Cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2016. PubMed
  • James P, Hart JE, Banay RF, Laden F. Exposure to Greenness and Mortality in a Nationwide Prospective Cohort Study of Women. Environ Health Perspect 2016. PubMed
  • Casey JA, James P, Rudolph KE, Wu CD, Schwartz BS. Greenness and Birth Outcomes in a Range of Pennsylvania Communities. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017. PubMed
  • James P, Weissman J, Wolf J, Mumford K, Contant CK, Hwang WT, Taylor L, Glanz K. Comparing GPS, Log, Survey, and Accelerometry to Measure Physical Activity. Am J Health Behav 2017; 40:123-31. PubMed
  • Kioumourtzoglou MA, Schwartz J, James P, Dominici F, Zanobetti A. PM2.5and mortality in 207 US cities: Modification by temperature and city characteristics. Epidemiology 2015. PubMed
  • James P, Hart JE, Arcaya MC, Feskanich D, Laden F, Subramanian SV. Neighborhood Self-Selection: The Role of Pre-Move Health Factors on the Built and Socioeconomic Environment. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2015; 12:12489-504. PubMed
  • James P, Hart JE, Laden F. Neighborhood walkability and particulate air pollution in a nationwide cohort of women. Environ Res 2015; 142:703-711. PubMed
  • James P, Banay RF, Hart JE, Laden F. A Review of the Health Benefits of Greenness. Curr Epidemiol Rep 2015; 2:131-142. PubMed
  • Starnes HA, McDonough MH, Tamura K, James P, Laden F, Troped PJ. Factorial validity of an abbreviated Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for seniors in the Nurses¿ Health Study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2014; 11:126. PubMed
  • James P, Ito K, Banay RF, Buonocore JJ, Wood B, Arcaya MC. A health impact assessment of a proposed bill to decrease speed limits on local roads in Massachusetts (U.S.A.). Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017; 11:10269-91. PubMed
  • Berrigan D, Hipp JA, Hurvitz PM, James P, Jankowska MM, Kerr J, Laden F, Leonard T, McKinnon RA, Powell-Wiley TM, Tarlov E, Zenk SN, . Geospatial and Contextual Approaches to Energy Balance and Health. Ann GIS 2017; 21:157-168. PubMed
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