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Nature

Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
Nature
There is growing evidence that embracing diversity — in all its senses — is key to doing good science. But there is still work to be done to ensure that inclusivity is the default, not the exception.

Finalizing the European Research Area is still a vibrant and relevant goal.

Bacterial enzyme supercharges photosynthesis, promising increased yields for crops.

Scientists must step up and secure meaningful objectives if they are to protect both people and planet, says Mark Stafford-Smith.

Birds that have the longest evolutionary history are also the most threatened by agriculture.Luke Frishkoff at Stanford University in California, Daniel Karp at the University of California, Berkeley, and their team studied 12 years of bird survey data, covering nearly 500 species from three

The region in Africa at risk of an outbreak of the Ebola virus is larger than previously thought.Simon Hay at the University of Oxford, UK, and his team mapped data from 23 Ebola outbreaks in humans, including the current one, and 51 reports of

Despite having a set of teeth shaped like a circular saw, an extinct shark probably devoured only soft-bodied prey.The spiral-shaped tooth arrangement (pictured) of Helicoprion davisii, an animal some 300 million years old, has puzzled palaeontologists for more than a century.

The collapse of Antarctica's giant Larsen B Ice Shelf in 2002 was probably caused by warming at the surface rather than by instability at the bottom of the ice sheet.Eugene Domack at the University of South Florida in St Petersburg and his colleagues mapped

Bacterial residents of the gut boost immune responses to vaccination in mice.Humans vaccinated against the influenza virus ramp up expression of a protein called TLR5, which is involved in detecting certain types of bacterium. To see how this protein and gut bacteria might affect

Researchers have decreased the uncertainty of their estimate of the mass of the Higgs boson, the particle thought to bestow mass to matter.The ATLAS collaboration, one of two teams that detected the Higgs at the Large Hadron Collider near Geneva, Switzerland, reanalysed data and

Mosquitoes biting a malaria-carrying host coax the malaria parasite to come out of hiding, resulting in greater disease transmission.Sylvain Gandon at the National Centre of Scientific Research in Montpellier, France, and his colleagues infected canaries (Serinus canaria) with a malaria parasite that

A bacterium that lives in the human vagina produces an antibiotic, suggesting how the microbiome could be mined for possible drug candidates.Michael Fischbach at the University of California, San Francisco, and his colleagues trained a computer program to recognize genes that are known to

A recently discovered parasitic ant species steals food from colonies of another ant by disguising itself as the host.Scott Powell at George Washington University in Washington DC and his co-workers discovered the parasitic ant, Cephalotes specularis (pictured right), in the Brazilian

Amid a wave of recent retractions, researchers are taking to social media to discuss a perennial favourite: a three-year-old paper looking at the relationship between a journal's impact factor and its retraction frequency (F. C. Fang et al. Infect. Immun.79, 3855–3859; 2011

The week in science: Swiss scientists regain access to EU grants, Canadian archaeologists find long-lost ship, and Japanese regulators move to restart nuclear power.

Researchers elsewhere can’t wait to test iPS cells in humans.

Touchdown site for Rosetta probe chosen unanimously.

United Nations meeting aims to spark enthusiasm for a 2015 emissions pact.

Artificial sweetener seems to change gut microbiome.

Mangalyaan aims to be Asia’s first successful Martian mission.

Genetic engineering lags behind conventional breeding in efforts to create drought-resistant maize.

Destructive lionfish are invading coral reefs in the Americas, but fishing competitions can help to keep the problem species in check.

The sciences can be a sanctuary for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals, but biases may still discourage many from coming out.

Effective clinical studies must consider all ethnicities — exclusion can endanger populations, says Esteban G. Burchard.

Confront economic differences to strengthen global research, urge P. Wenzel Geissler and Ferdinand Okwaro.

The first step in studying mental-health interventions across cultures is to adjust procedures to participants' needs, says Mónica Ruiz-Casares.

Richard B. Freeman and Wei Huang reflect on a link between a team's ethnic mix and highly cited papers.

Nathaniel Comfort wonders at the enduring trend of misrepresenting race.

A history of how quantum theory has permeated Western culture refreshes Jim Baggott.

Highlights of this season's releases

Steven Pinker's provocative treatise on language use and abuse would benefit from more data, finds Paul Raeburn.

Tim Lenton is intrigued by E. O. Wilson's sweeping perspective on humanity's past — and possible futures.

Nico Stehr ponders Naomi Klein's call for strategic mass action on climate change.

Jaron Lanier surveys four studies probing the vexed nexus of mind and digisphere.

International guidelines describe effective measures for the prevention and control of the Ebola virus. But we need more practical information on how to implement these measures, including potential therapies and a safe vaccine, in non-Western settings (Nature513, 13–14;10.1038/513013a

Paul Palmer and Matthew Smith's argument that human adaptation to climate change should be incorporated into climate-projection models is entirely reasonable (Nature512, 365–366;10.1038/512365a2014). However, I suspect that doing so could render such models essentially useless.Climate

Archaeologists and historians have long investigated societal responses to climate change (see P.Palmer and M.SmithNature512, 365–366;10.1038/512365a2014). These records are an underused resource in current climate-adaptation research, but offer scope for highly integrative meta-analyses

Brazil's aquaculture and fisheries secretary decreed last month that 2,000 different species of ornamental fish can be legally removed from the Brazilian Amazon. The fish will be farmed to supply the aquarium trade. This raises concerns about over-exploitation and threats to biodiversity, particularly given the

Qiang Wang suggests that shale gas might be used as a bridging fuel to cap China's carbon emissions (Nature512, 115; 10.1038/512115a2014). Extraction and development problems could make this difficult.The greenhouse-gas footprint of shale gas is much bigger than

In his review of Armand Marie Leroi's book The Lagoon (Nature512, 250–251;10.1038/512250a2014), Roberto Lo Presti rightly praises Aristotle's observational skills. But the philosopher may not have been as adroit in numeracy as he was in

Europe's Starting Grants are ideal for young researchers with big ideas and what it takes to bring them to life.

Europe's universities are adopting tenure to draw recruits.

Degree-level education is rare in many nations, says report.

US research and development still suffering from budget battles.

It is hard to imagine now, and the younger people in the field will not remember this, but there was a period when the search for exoplanets had rather a bad reputation, based on a number of high-profile claims that were subsequently disproved. Although there

Doppler spectroscopy was the first technique used to reveal the existence of extrasolar planetary systems hosted by solar-type stars. Radial-velocity surveys led to the detection of a rich population of super-Earths and Neptune-type planets. The numerous detected systems revealed a remarkable diversity. Combining Doppler measurements

Numerous telescopes and techniques have been used to find and study extrasolar planets, but none has been more successful than NASA's Kepler space telescope. Kepler has discovered most of the known exoplanets, the smallest planets to orbit normal stars and the planets most likely to

Exoplanets are now being discovered in profusion. To understand their character, however, we require spectral models and data. These elements of remote sensing can yield temperatures, compositions and even weather patterns, but only if significant improvements in both the parameter retrieval process and measurements are

Characterization studies now have a dominant role in the field of exoplanets. Such studies include the measurement of an exoplanet's bulk density, its brightness temperature and the chemical composition of its atmosphere. The use of space telescopes has played a key part in the characterization

In no other field of astrophysics has the impact of new instrumentation been as substantial as in the domain of exoplanets. Before 1995 our knowledge of exoplanets was mainly based on philosophical and theoretical considerations. The years that followed have been marked, instead, by surprising