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Nature

Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
Nature
The Chinese government’s planned overhaul of its core research-funding system is vital if the country is to achieve its potential on the global scientific stage.

Time to ramp up science’s contribution to controlling the Ebola outbreak.

Papers in Nature journals should make computer code accessible where possible.

The anxiety and stigma associated with Ebola are hampering Australia's willingness and ability to help with the control efforts in Africa, argues Tim Inglis.

Lizards in Florida have rapidly evolved traits that make them better tree-climbers, probably in response to an invasive competitor.Cuban brown anole lizards (Anolis sagrei) have spread over the past few decades across the southeastern United States, where they compete for territory and

Ice at Mercury's poles is a relatively new arrival — a finding that could help to resolve a debate about whether ice may have survived for billions of years on the planet closest to the Sun.Using data from NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft, Nancy Chabot of

Immune responses that should combat a disease caused by yeast instead make the fungus grow, potentially worsening the infection.Robin May at the University of Birmingham, UK, and his co-workers studied strains of Cryptoccocus gattii, which can cause meningitis and other problems.They found

Radio pulses that look like they came from deep space could actually have earthly origins.A team led by Pascal Saint-Hilaire at the University of California, Berkeley, detected five short but intense radio bursts at the Bleien Radio Observatory in Switzerland. This is only the

Discarded rubbish from tumours could trigger nearby healthy cells to become malignant.Many cells shed exosomes: membrane-bound packages of proteins, DNA and RNA that are thought to be a waste-management system. Raghu Kalluri at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston and

An oxygen cylinder could hold even more gas if it were filled with sponge-like powders, chemists report.The powders are a type of metal–organic framework (MOF): sponge-like materials in which metal atoms are connected by organic groups, creating a porous network with many promising applications

Ancient channels preserved beneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet suggest that part of the glacier prevailed during warm periods more than two million years ago.By combining radio-echo soundings of the landscape underneath the glacier with satellite images of the ice surface, Kathryn Rose of

Functional biological circuits can be printed on paper, reports a team led by James Collins at Boston University in Massachusetts.The team synthesized cell-free gene networks from off-the-shelf parts and freeze-dried them on to paper. When later rehydrated, the networks worked as programmable in vitro

Machines that move by bending in response to moisture can be made by exposing thin sheets of graphene oxide to sunlight.A team led by Hong-Bo Sun at Jilin University in Changchun, China, focused sunlight on one side of graphene oxide paper. The ultraviolet radiation

Nearly a decade after writing a scathing critique of biomedical research, 'Why Most Published Research Findings Are False', Stanford University scientist John Ioannidis has published a follow-up. The health-policy researcher suggests a blueprint for making scientific results more reliable, including increasing the statistical certainty of

The week in science: China launches its first round-trip lunar mission; skydiver leaps from record heights; and EU leaders agree on landmark climate deal.

Sulphur-rich eruption defies preparations for an ashy blast.

World Health Organization lacks resources to witness destruction of stocks.

Five-year Chinese study suggests that human activity made gelatinous outbreaks worse.

Trials would study extension of lifespan in domestic setting.

First of five linked institutes aims to capitalize on basic-research investments.

Sequenced genomes reveal mutations that disable single genes and can point to new drugs.

Nature explores the most-cited research of all time.

Scientists know a lot about the virus that causes Ebola — but there are many puzzles that they have yet to solve.

Asteroid retrieval is a distraction, says Richard P. Binzel. Better steps to interplanetary travel abound.

John P. A. Ioannidis and colleagues asked the most highly cited biomedical scientists to score their top-ten papers in six ways.

Tilli Tansey surveys a magisterial, historically rich biography of autoimmunity.

Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week's best science picks.

George Szpiro weighs up a life of John Napier, who gifted science with logarithms.

We question the premise that genetically modified (GM) marmosets are essential to Japan's brain-mapping project for studying disorders such as schizophrenia and depression (Nature514, 151–152;10.1038/514151a2014). It runs counter to efforts in fields such as toxicology to

The first step in implementing the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs; see M.Stafford-SmithNature513, 281;10.1038/513281a2014) will be to identify critical nodes at which issues such as water, energy and food need to be addressed simultaneously and that

Next year in Paris, parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change have the task of developing a global agreement to reduce carbon emissions — a successor to the failed Kyoto Protocol. They should strike a grand bargain with the World Trade Organization (WTO)

Input from patients and the public is a requirement for funding by the UK National Institute of Health Research (NIHR), but is met by scepticism from some academics.We analysed 70 birth cohort studies to evaluate the basis of this scepticism (P. J.Lucas

Last month, millions took to the streets in climate rallies organized by some 1,500 organizations in 158 countries. Their message: that world leaders at the United Nations Climate Summit in New York must tackle the challenges of global warming head on. However, it is by

Ohio's investments into research are ushering the state from a manufacturing past into a knowledge-economy future.

The silent treatment.


Millions of people around the world rely on rice as the bulk of their daily diet. This snapshot of the crop's production, consumption and trade shows an overall surplus, but population growth in future decades may affect the situation, writes Emily Elert.

Rice is a staple food, but production is not keeping pace with the rise in global population. So scientists are dreaming big and aiming high to change the future for this crucial grain.

Golden rice could help to end a nutritional crisis — but only if researchers can overcome some daunting technical and political hurdles.

From a wild Asian grass to a refined crop that is the staple diet of half the world's population, the domestication of Oryza sativa spans centuries, but the grain's ancestry is hotly contested.

Scientists are hoping to make the world's most successful crop even better.

Around the world, researchers are looking for ways to rid rice of a troublesome companion.

Africa's newfound taste for an old grain has experienced problems — drought, low yields and costly imports. But new projects are driving the continent towards self-sufficiency.

Corporate inefficiency and government meddling are curbing production of the vital crop in the countries that need it most, says Robert Zeigler.

The News Feature ‘The ethics squad’ (Nature514, 418–420; 2014) misspelled Susan Kornetsky’s name.

The sequences of two sponge genomes provide evidence that the ParaHox developmental genes are older than previously thought. This has implications for animal taxonomy and for developmental and evolutionary biology. See Letter p.620

Astronomers have suspected for some time that magnetic fields are a key ingredient in the accretion of material that surrounds young stars. New observations have just begun to reveal these fields in action. See Letter p.597

The structure of an enzyme that is bound to a nucleosome — a protein complex around which DNA is wrapped — reveals how contacts between the two orient the enzyme so that it can modify a specific amino-acid residue. See Article p.591

Engineering complex tissues requires high-throughput, three-dimensional patterning of materials and cells. A method to assemble small gel components using magnetic forces from encapsulated free radicals could be just the ticket.

Fibroblast cells are known as key players in the repair of damaged heart structures. New findings show that injury also induces fibroblasts to become endothelial cells, helping to mend damaged blood vessels. See Article p.585