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David E. Fisher, MD, PhD

Edward Wigglesworth Professor of Dermatology, Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School

Chief, Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital

Contact Info

David Fisher
Massachusetts General Hospital
Building 149, 13th Street
Charlestown, MA, 02129
Mailstop: Cutaneous Biology Research Center Room 3232
Phone: 617-643-5428
Dfisher3@Partners.org

Assistant

Jessica Fuller
Executive Assistant
Dermatology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Building 149, 13th Street
Charlestown, MA, 02129
Mailstop: Thier 204
Phone: 617-643-5428
jlfuller@partners.org

DF/HCC Program Affiliation

Cancer Cell Biology
Cutaneous Oncology and Melanoma, Co-Leader

DF/HCC Associations

Member, Center Scientific Council

Research Abstract

Our lab focuses on two areas: analysis of a lineage specifying transcription factor, Microphthalmia; and mechanisms of p53-dependent apoptosis. Microphthalmia is a helix-loop-helix transcription factor which is essential to normal melanocyte, osteoclast, and mast cell development and function. We have identified its role as a major signaling intermediate in pathways activated by Steel/c-Kit, M-CSF/c-fms, and melanocyte stimulating hormone. Its expression and function may also be of importance in melanoma growth and has now been shown to be of considerable diagnostic utility. Our studies on p53 and apoptosis revolve around the importance of the p53 tumor suppressor in mediating a decision between growth arrest and apoptotic death following cellular stress. Because of its unique ability to trigger arrest in untransformed fibroblasts vs. apoptosis in oncogene transformed fibroblasts, its function offers a built in therapeutic window for tumor selective killing. To understand the mechanistic basis for its apoptotic activity we have devised a cell free system in which p53 protein appears to trigger a cascade resulting in caspase activation. Cellular extracts are being fractionated and the apoptotic intermediates are being isolated. This strategy has also uncovered potential inhibitory activities in extracts from certain tumors. The identification and characterization of these factors may add to our understanding of the regulation of cancer cell death and provide potential therapeutic targets.

Publications

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