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Ronald C. Desrosiers, PhD


  • Shin YC, Jones LR, Manrique J, Lauer W, Carville A, Mansfield KG, Desrosiers RC.Glycoprotein gene sequence variation in rhesus monkey rhadinovirus.Virology. 2010 May 10;400(2):175-86.
  • Johnson PR,Schnepp BC,Zhang J,Connell MJ,Greene SM,Yuste E,Desrosiers RC,Reed Clark K.Vector-mediated gene transfer engenders long-lived neutralizing activity and protection against SIV infection in monkeys.Nat Med. 2009 Aug;15(8):901-6.
  • Mansfield K, Lang SM, Gauduin MC, Sanford HB, Lifson JD, Johnson RP, Desrosiers RC.Vaccine protection by live, attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus in the absence of high-titer antibody responses and high-frequency cellular immune responses measurable in the periphery.J Virol. 2008 Apr;82(8):4135-48.
  • Laird ME, Desrosiers RC.Infectivity and neutralization of simian immunodeficiency virus with FLAG epitope insertion in gp120 variable loops.J Virol. 2007 Oct;81(20):10838-48.
  • Marzi A, Mitchell DA, Chaipan C, Fisch T, Doms RW, Carrington M, Desrosiers RC, Pohlmann S.Modulation of HIV and SIV neutralization sensitivity by DC-SIGN and mannose-binding lectin.Virology. 2007 Nov 25;368(2):322-30.
  • Schafer A, Cai X, Bilello JP, Desrosiers RC, Cullen BR.Cloning and analysis of microRNAs encoded by the primate gamma-herpesvirus rhesus monkey rhadinovirus.Virology. 2007 Jul 20;364(1):21-7.
  • Kaur A, Sanford HB, Garry D, Lang S, Klumpp SA, Watanabe D, Bronson RT, Lifson JD, Rosati M, Pavlakis GN, Felber BK, Knipe DM, Desrosiers RC.Ability of herpes simplex virus vectors to boost immune responses to DNA vectors and to protect against challenge by simian immunodeficiency virus.Virology. 2007 Jan 20;357(2):199-214.
  • Bilello JP, Lang SM, Wang F, Aster JC, Desrosiers RC.Infection and persistence of rhesus monkey rhadinovirus in immortalized B-cell lines.J Virol. 2006 Apr;80(7):3644-9.
  • Yuste E, Sanford HB, Carmody J, Bixby J, Little S, Zwick MB, Greenough T, Burton DR, Richman DD, Desrosiers RC, Johnson WE.Simian immunodeficiency virus engrafted with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific epitopes: replication, neutralization, and survey of HIV-1-positive plasma.J Virol. 2006 Mar;80(6):3030-41.
  • Cook HL, Lytle JR, Mischo HE, Li MJ, Rossi JJ, Silva DP, Desrosiers RC, Steitz JA.Small nuclear RNAs encoded by Herpesvirus saimiri upregulate the expression of genes linked to T cell activation in virally transformed T cells.Curr Biol. 2005 May 24;15(10):974-9.
  • Burton DR, Desrosiers RC, Doms RW, Koff WC, Kwong PD, Moore JP, Nabel GJ, Sodroski J, Wilson IA, Wyatt RT.HIV vaccine design and the neutralizing antibody problem.Nat Immunol. 2004 Mar;5(3):233-6.
  • Johnson WE, Sanford H, Schwall L, Burton DR, Parren PW, Robinson JE, Desrosiers RC.Assorted mutations in the envelope gene of simian immunodeficiency virus lead to loss of neutralization resistance against antibodies representing a broad spectrum of specificities.J Virol. 2003 Sep;77(18):9993-10003.
  • Alexander L, Illyinskii PO, Lang SM, Means RE, Lifson J, Mansfield K, Desrosiers RC.Determinants of increased replicative capacity of serially passaged simian immunodeficiency virus with nef deleted in rhesus monkeys.J Virol. 2003 Jun;77(12):6823-35.
  • Kaur A, Kassis N, Hale CL, Simon M, Elliott M, Gomez-Yafal A, Lifson JD, Desrosiers RC, Wang F, Barry P, Mach M, Johnson RP.Direct relationship between suppression of virus-specific immunity and emergence of cytomegalovirus disease in simian AIDS.J Virol. 2003 May;77(10):5749-58.
  • Evans DT, Chen LM, Gillis J, Lin KC, Harty B, Mazzara GP, Donis RO, Mansfield KG, Lifson JD, Desrosiers RC, Galán JE, Johnson RP.Mucosal priming of simian immunodeficiency virus-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses in rhesus macaques by the Salmonella type III secretion antigen delivery system.J Virol. 2003 Feb;77(4):2400-9.
  • Johnson WE, Lifson JD, Lang SM, Johnson RP, Desrosiers RC.Importance of B-cell responses for immunological control of variant strains of simian immunodeficiency virus.J Virol. 2003 Jan;77(1):375-81.
  • Lifson JD, Piatak M, Rossio JL, Bess J, Chertova E, Schneider D, Kiser R, Coalter V, Poore B, Imming R, Desrosiers RC, Henderson LE, Arthur LO.Whole inactivated SIV virion vaccines with functional envelope glycoproteins: safety, immunogenicity, and activity against intrarectal challenge.J Med Primatol. 2002 Aug;31(4-5):205-16.
  • Allen TM, Jing P, Calore B, Horton H, O'Connor DH, Hanke T, Piekarczyk M, Ruddersdorf R, Mothe BR, Emerson C, Wilson N, Lifson JD, Belyakov IM, Berzofsky JA, Wang C, Allison DB, Montefiori DC, Desrosiers RC, Wolinsky S, Kunstman KJ, Altman JD, Sette A, McMichael AJ, Watkins DI.Effects of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) directed against a single simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) Gag CTL epitope on the course of SIVmac239 infection.J Virol. 2002 Oct;76(20):10507-11.
  • Horton H, Vogel TU, Carter DK, Vielhuber K, Fuller DH, Shipley T, Fuller JT, Kunstman KJ, Sutter G, Montefiori DC, Erfle V, Desrosiers RC, Wilson N, Picker LJ, Wolinsky SM, Wang C, Allison DB, Watkins DI.Immunization of rhesus macaques with a DNA prime/modified vaccinia virus Ankara boost regimen induces broad simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-specific T-cell responses and reduces initial viral replication but does not prevent disease progression follow.J Virol. 2002 Jul;76(14):7187-202.
  • Soderberg K, Denekamp L, Nikiforow S, Sautter K, Desrosiers RC, Alexander L.A nucleotide substitution in the tRNA(Lys) primer binding site dramatically increases replication of recombinant simian immunodeficiency virus containing a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase.J Virol. 2002 Jun;76(11):5803-6.
  • Murphy WJ, Page JE, Smith C, Desrosiers RC, O'Brien SJ.A radiation hybrid mapping panel for the rhesus macaque.J Hered. 2001 Nov-Dec;92(6):516-9.
  • Allen TM, Mortara L, Mothé BR, Liebl M, Jing P, Calore B, Piekarczyk M, Ruddersdorf R, O'Connor DH, Wang X, Wang C, Allison DB, Altman JD, Sette A, Desrosiers RC, Sutter G, Watkins DI.Tat-vaccinated macaques do not control simian immunodeficiency virus SIVmac239 replication.J Virol. 2002 Apr;76(8):4108-12.
  • Puffer BA, Pöhlmann S, Edinger AL, Carlin D, Sanchez MD, Reitter J, Watry DD, Fox HS, Desrosiers RC, Doms RW.CD4 independence of simian immunodeficiency virus Envs is associated with macrophage tropism, neutralization sensitivity, and attenuated pathogenicity.J Virol. 2002 Mar;76(6):2595-605.
  • Johnson WE, Morgan J, Reitter J, Puffer BA, Czajak S, Doms RW, Desrosiers RC.A replication-competent, neutralization-sensitive variant of simian immunodeficiency virus lacking 100 amino acids of envelope.J Virol. 2002 Mar;76(5):2075-86.
  • Johnson WE, Desrosiers RC.Viral persistance: HIV's strategies of immune system evasion.Annu Rev Med. 2002;53:499-518.
  • Evans DT, Desrosiers RC.Immune evasion strategies of the primate lentiviruses.Immunol Rev. 2001 Oct;183:141-58.
  • Kaur A, Alexander L, Staprans SI, Denekamp L, Hale CL, McClure HM, Feinberg MB, Desrosiers RC, Johnson RP.Emergence of cytotoxic T lymphocyte escape mutations in nonpathogenic simian immunodeficiency virus infection.Eur J Immunol. 2001 Nov;31(11):3207-17.
  • Evans DT, Tillman KC, Desrosiers RC.Envelope glycoprotein cytoplasmic domains from diverse lentiviruses interact with the prenylated Rab acceptor.J Virol. 2002 Jan;76(1):327-37.
  • Johnson WE, Sauvron JM, Desrosiers RC.Conserved, N-linked carbohydrates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp41 are largely dispensable for viral replication.J Virol. 2001 Dec;75(23):11426-36.
  • Newstein MC, Desrosiers RC.Effects of reverse-transcriptase mutations M184V and E89G on simian immunodeficiency virus in Rhesus monkeys.J Infect Dis. 2001 Nov 15;184(10):1262-7.
  • Lifson JD, Rossio JL, Piatak M, Parks T, Li L, Kiser R, Coalter V, Fisher B, Flynn BM, Czajak S, Hirsch VM, Reimann KA, Schmitz JE, Ghrayeb J, Bischofberger N, Nowak MA, Desrosiers RC, Wodarz D.Role of CD8(+) lymphocytes in control of simian immunodeficiency virus infection and resistance to rechallenge after transient early antiretroviral treatment.J Virol. 2001 Nov;75(21):10187-99.
  • Desrosiers RC.Will there be a live-attenuated HIV vaccine available for human safety trials by the year 2000? Interview by Gordon Nary.J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care. 1998 Nov;4(11):22-3.
  • Damania B, Desrosiers RC.Simian homologues of human herpesvirus 8.Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2001 Apr 29;356(1408):535-43.
  • Means RE, Matthews T, Hoxie JA, Malim MH, Kodama T, Desrosiers RC.Ability of the V3 loop of simian immunodeficiency virus to serve as a target for antibody-mediated neutralization: correlation of neutralization sensitivity, growth in macrophages, and decreased dependence on CD4.J Virol. 2001 Apr;75(8):3903-15.
  • Alexander L, Denekamp L, Czajak S, Desrosiers RC.Suboptimal nucleotides in the infectious, pathogenic simian immunodeficiency virus clone SIVmac239.J Virol. 2001 Apr;75(8):4019-22.
  • Alexander L, Weiskopf E, Greenough TC, Gaddis NC, Auerbach MR, Malim MH, O'Brien SJ, Walker BD, Sullivan JL, Desrosiers RC.Unusual polymorphisms in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 associated with nonprogressive infection.J Virol. 2000 May;74(9):4361-76.
  • Means RE, Desrosiers RC.Resistance of native, oligomeric envelope on simian immunodeficiency virus to digestion by glycosidases.J Virol. 2000 Dec;74(23):11181-90.
  • Mills J, Desrosiers R, Rud E, Almond N.Live attenuated HIV vaccines: a proposal for further research and development.AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2000 Oct 10;16(15):1453-61.
  • Mori K, Rosenzweig M, Desrosiers RC.Mechanisms for adaptation of simian immunodeficiency virus to replication in alveolar macrophages.J Virol. 2000 Nov;74(22):10852-9.
  • Allen TM, O'Connor DH, Jing P, Dzuris JL, Mothé BR, Vogel TU, Dunphy E, Liebl ME, Emerson C, Wilson N, Kunstman KJ, Wang X, Allison DB, Hughes AL, Desrosiers RC, Altman JD, Wolinsky SM, Sette A, Watkins DI.Tat-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes select for SIV escape variants during resolution of primary viraemia.Nature. 2000 Sep 21;407(6802):386-90.
  • Murphy CG, Lucas WT, Means RE, Czajak S, Hale CL, Lifson JD, Kaur A, Johnson RP, Knipe DM, Desrosiers RC.Vaccine protection against simian immunodeficiency virus by recombinant strains of herpes simplex virus.J Virol. 2000 Sep;74(17):7745-54.
  • Alexander L, Denekamp L, Knapp A, Auerbach MR, Damania B, Desrosiers RC.The primary sequence of rhesus monkey rhadinovirus isolate 26-95: sequence similarities to Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and rhesus monkey rhadinovirus isolate 17577.J Virol. 2000 Apr;74(7):3388-98.
  • Damania B, DeMaria M, Jung JU, Desrosiers RC.Activation of lymphocyte signaling by the R1 protein of rhesus monkey rhadinovirus.J Virol. 2000 Mar;74(6):2721-30.
  • Auerbach MR, Czajak SC, Johnson WE, Desrosiers RC, Alexander L.Species specificity of macaque rhadinovirus glycoprotein B sequences.J Virol. 2000 Jan;74(1):584-90.
  • Greenough TC, Brettler DB, Kirchhoff F, Alexander L, Desrosiers RC, O'Brien SJ, Somasundaran M, Luzuriaga K, Sullivan JL.Long-term nonprogressive infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in a hemophilia cohort.J Infect Dis. 1999 Dec;180(6):1790-802.
  • Mansfield KG, Westmoreland SV, DeBakker CD, Czajak S, Lackner AA, Desrosiers RC.Experimental infection of rhesus and pig-tailed macaques with macaque rhadinoviruses.J Virol. 1999 Dec;73(12):10320-8.
  • Wyand MS, Manson K, Montefiori DC, Lifson JD, Johnson RP, Desrosiers RC.Protection by live, attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus against heterologous challenge.J Virol. 1999 Oct;73(10):8356-63.
  • Desrosiers RC.Strategies used by human immunodeficiency virus that allow persistent viral replication.Nat Med. 1999 Jul;5(7):723-5.
  • Alexander L, Du Z, Howe AY, Czajak S, Desrosiers RC.Induction of AIDS in rhesus monkeys by a recombinant simian immunodeficiency virus expressing nef of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.J Virol. 1999 Jul;73(7):5814-25.
  • Damania B, Li M, Choi JK, Alexander L, Jung JU, Desrosiers RC.Identification of the R1 oncogene and its protein product from the rhadinovirus of rhesus monkeys.J Virol. 1999 Jun;73(6):5123-31.
  • Johnson RP, Lifson JD, Czajak SC, Cole KS, Manson KH, Glickman R, Yang J, Montefiori DC, Montelaro R, Wyand MS, Desrosiers RC.Highly attenuated vaccine strains of simian immunodeficiency virus protect against vaginal challenge: inverse relationship of degree of protection with level of attenuation.J Virol. 1999 Jun;73(6):4952-61.
  • Alexander L, Veazey RS, Czajak S, DeMaria M, Rosenzweig M, Lackner AA, Desrosiers RC, Sasseville VG.Recombinant simian immunodeficiency virus expressing green fluorescent protein identifies infected cells in rhesus monkeys.AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1999 Jan 1;15(1):11-21.
  • Howe AY, Jung JU, Desrosiers RC.Zeta chain of the T-cell receptor interacts with nef of simian immunodeficiency virus and human immunodeficiency virus type 2.J Virol. 1998 Dec;72(12):9827-34.
  • Ilyinskii PO, Desrosiers RC.Identification of a sequence element immediately upstream of the polypurine tract that is essential for replication of simian immunodeficiency virus.EMBO J. 1998 Jul 1;17(13):3766-74.
  • Reitter JN, Desrosiers RC.Identification of replication-competent strains of simian immunodeficiency virus lacking multiple attachment sites for N-linked carbohydrates in variable regions 1 and 2 of the surface envelope protein.J Virol. 1998 Jul;72(7):5399-407.
  • Desrosiers RC, Lifson JD, Gibbs JS, Czajak SC, Howe AY, Arthur LO, Johnson RP.Identification of highly attenuated mutants of simian immunodeficiency virus.J Virol. 1998 Feb;72(2):1431-7.
  • Desrosiers RC, Sasseville VG, Czajak SC, Zhang X, Mansfield KG, Kaur A, Johnson RP, Lackner AA, Jung JU.A herpesvirus of rhesus monkeys related to the human Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus.J Virol. 1997 Dec;71(12):9764-9.
  • Du Z, Ilyinskii PO, Lally K, Desrosiers RC, Engelman A.A mutation in integrase can compensate for mutations in the simian immunodeficiency virus att site.J Virol. 1997 Nov;71(11):8124-32.
  • Alexander L, Du Z, Rosenzweig M, Jung JU, Desrosiers RC.A role for natural simian immunodeficiency virus and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 nef alleles in lymphocyte activation.J Virol. 1997 Aug;71(8):6094-9.
  • Du Z, Lang SM, Sasseville VG, Lackner AA, Ilyinskii PO, Daniel MD, Jung JU, Desrosiers RC.Identification of a nef allele that causes lymphocyte activation and acute disease in macaque monkeys.Cell. 1995 Aug 25;82(4):665-74.
  • Desrosiers RC, Wyand MS, Kodama T, Ringler DJ, Arthur LO, Sehgal PK, Letvin NL, King NW, Daniel MD.Vaccine protection against simian immunodeficiency virus infection.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 Aug;86(16):6353-7.
  • Daniel MD, Letvin NL, King NW, Kannagi M, Sehgal PK, Hunt RD, Kanki PJ, Essex M, Desrosiers RC.Isolation of T-cell tropic HTLV-III-like retrovirus from macaques.Science. 1985 Jun 7;228(4704):1201-4.