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Karin B. Michels, MPH, PhD, ScD


  • Brinton LA, Cook MB, McCormack V, Johnson KC, Olsson H, Casagrande JT, Cooke R, Falk RT, Gapstur SM, Gaudet MM, Gaziano JM, Gkiokas G, Guénel P, Henderson BE, Hollenbeck A, Hsing AW, Kolonel LN, Isaacs C, Lubin JH, Michels KB, Negri E, Parisi D, Petridou ET, Pike MC, Riboli E, Sesso HD, Snyder K, Swerdlow AJ, , Trichopoulos D, Ursin G, van den Brandt PA, Van Den Eeden SK, Weiderpass E, Willett WC, Ewertz M, Thomas DB.Anthropometric and hormonal risk factors for male breast cancer: male breast cancer pooling project results.Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2014 Mar 1;106(3):djt465.
  • Michels KB.Contralateral mastectomy for women with hereditary breast cancer.BMJ. 2014;348:g1379.
  • Charlton BM, Carwile JL, Michels KB, Feldman S.A Cervical Abnormality Risk Prediction Model: Can We Use Clinical Information to Predict Which Patients With ASCUS/LSIL Pap Tests Will Develop CIN 2/3 or AIS?.J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2013 Mar 12.
  • Barault L, Ellsworth RE, Harris HR, Valente AL, Shriver CD, Michels KB.Leukocyte DNA as surrogate for the evaluation of imprinted Loci methylation in mammary tissue DNA.PLoS ONE. 2013;8(2):e55896.
  • Michels KB, Terry KL, Eliassen AH, Hankinson SE, Willett WC.Adult weight change and incidence of premenopausal breast cancer.Int J Cancer. 2011 Mar 16.
  • Harris HR, Willett WC, Terry KL, Michels KB.Body fat distribution and risk of premenopausal breast cancer in the Nurses' Health Study II.Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2011 Feb 2;103(3):273-8.
  • Xue F, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE, Michels KB.Cigarette smoking and the incidence of breast cancer.Arch Intern Med. 2011 Jan 24;171(2):125-33.
  • Nielsen TS, Khan G, Davis J, Michels KB, Hilakivi-Clarke L.Prepubertal exposure to cow's milk reduces susceptibility to carcinogen-induced mammary tumorigenesis in rats.Int J Cancer. 2011 Jan 1;128(1):12-20.
  • Michels KB.The promises and challenges of epigenetic epidemiology.Experimental Gerontology. 2010 Apr;45(4):297-301.
  • Stephansson O, Granath F, Ekbom A, Michels KB.Risk of breast cancer among daughters of mothers with diabetes: a population-based cohort study.Breast Cancer Res. 2010 Feb 25;12(1):R14.
  • Ogunleye AA,Xue F,Michels KB.Green tea consumption and breast cancer risk or recurrence: a meta-analysis.Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2010 Jan;119(2):477-84. Review.
  • Osterhues A, Holzgreve W, Michels KB.Shall we put the world on folate?.Lancet. 2009 Sep 19;374(9694):959-61. Review.
  • Carwile JL, Luu HT, Bassett LS, Driscoll DA, Yuan C, Chang JY, Ye X, Calafat AM, Michels KB.Polycarbonate bottle use and urinary bisphenol A concentrations.Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Sep;117(9):1368-72.
  • Stuebe AM, Willett WC, Xue F, Michels KB.Lactation and incidence of premenopausal breast cancer: a longitudinal study.Arch Intern Med. 2009 Aug 10;169(15):1364-71.
  • Michels KB, zur Hausen H.HPV vaccine for all.Lancet. 2009 Jul 25;374(9686):268-70.
  • Caughey RW,Michels KB.Birth weight and childhood leukemia: a meta-analysis and review of the current evidence.Int J Cancer. 2009 Jun 1;124(11):2658-70. Review.
  • Michels KB, Willett WC.The Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial: a post-mortem.Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2009 Mar;114(1):1-6.
  • Colbert LH,Graubard BI,Michels KB,Willett WC,Forman MR.Physical activity during pregnancy and age at menarche of the daughter.Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Oct;17(10):2656-62.
  • Michels KB.The promise and challenges of population strategies of prevention.Int J Epidemiol. 2008 Oct;37(5):914-6.
  • Simard JF, Rosner BA, Michels KB.Exposure to Cigarette Smoke In Utero: Comparison of Reports from Mother and Daughter.Epidemiology. 2008 Jul;19(4):628-33.
  • Xue F,Hilakivi-Clarke LA,Maxwell GL,Hankinson SE,Michels KB.Infant feeding and the incidence of endometrial cancer.Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Jun;17(6):1316-21.
  • Rosner B,Michels KB,Chen YH,Day NE.Measurement error correction for nutritional exposures with correlated measurement error: use of the method of triads in a longitudinal setting.Stat Med. 2008 Aug 15;27(18):3466-89.
  • Xue F, Hilakivi-Clarke L, Maxwell G, Hankinson S, Michels K.Longitudinal study on birthweight and the incidence of endometrial cancer.Br J Cancer. 2008 Apr 8;98(7):1288-91.
  • Xue F, Michels KB.Diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and breast cancer: a review of the current evidence.Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Sep;86(3):s823-35. Review.
  • Ray JG, Mohllajee AP, van Dam RM, Michels KB.Breast size and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus.CMAJ. 2008 Jan 29;178(3):289-95.
  • Xue F, Michels KB.Intrauterine factors and risk of breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of current evidence.Lancet Oncol. 2007 Dec;8(12):1088-100. Review.
  • Xue F, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Forman MR, Michels KB.Parental characteristics as predictors of birthweight.Hum Reprod. 2008 Jan;23(1):168-77.
  • Xue F, Colditz GA, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Michels KB.Parental age at delivery and incidence of breast cancer: a prospective cohort study.Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2007 Sep;104(3):331-40.
  • Michels KB, Willett WC, Graubard BI, Vaidya RL, Cantwell MM, Sansbury LB, Forman MR.A longitudinal study of infant feeding and obesity throughout life course.Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2007 Jul;31(7):1078-85.
  • Brody JG, Rudel RA, Michels KB, Moysich KB, Bernstein L, Attfield KR, Gray S.Environmental pollutants, diet, physical activity, body size, and breast cancer: where do we stand in research to identify opportunities for prevention?.Cancer. 2007 Jun 15;109(S12):2627-2634. Review.
  • Michels KB, Mohllajee AP, Roset-Bahmanyar E, Beehler GP, Moysich KB.Diet and breast cancer: a review of the prospective observational studies.Cancer. 2007 Jun 15;109(S12):2712-2749. Review.
  • Michos A, Xue F, Michels KB.Birth weight and the risk of testicular cancer: a meta-analysis.Int J Cancer. 2007 Sep 1;121(5):1123-31.
  • Waterland RA, Michels KB.Epigenetic epidemiology of the developmental origins hypothesis.Annu Rev Nutr. 2007;27:363-88. Review.
  • Michels KB, Xue F, Colditz GA, Willett WC.Induced and spontaneous abortion and incidence of breast cancer among young women: a prospective cohort study.Arch Intern Med. 2007 Apr 23;167(8):814-20.
  • Terry KL, Willett WC, Rich-Edwards JW, Michels KB.A prospective study of infertility due to ovulatory disorders, ovulation induction, and incidence of breast cancer.Arch Intern Med. 2006 Dec 11-25;166(22):2484-9.
  • Michels KB, Terry KL, Willett WC.Longitudinal study on the role of body size in premenopausal breast cancer.Arch Intern Med. 2006 Nov 27;166(21):2395-402.
  • Michels KB, Xue F, Terry KL, Willett WC.Longitudinal study of birthweight and the incidence of breast cancer in adulthood.Carcinogenesis. 2006 Dec;27(12):2464-8.
  • Michels KB, Xue F.Role of birthweight in the etiology of breast cancer.Int J Cancer. 2006 Nov 1;119(9):2007-25. Review.
  • Baer HJ, Rich-Edwards JW, Colditz GA, Hunter DJ, Willett WC, Michels KB.Adult height, age at attained height, and incidence of breast cancer in premenopausal women.Int J Cancer. 2006 Nov 1;119(9):2231-5.
  • Michels KB.The women's health initiative--curse or blessing?.Int J Epidemiol. 2006 Aug;35(4):814-6.
  • Pinheiro SP, Schernhammer ES, Tworoger SS, Michels KB.A prospective study on habitual duration of sleep and incidence of breast cancer in a large cohort of women.Cancer Res. 2006 May 15;66(10):5521-5.
  • Michels KB, Giovannucci E, Chan AT, Singhania R, Fuchs CS, Willett WC.Fruit and vegetable consumption and colorectal adenomas in the Nurses' Health Study.Cancer Res. 2006 Apr 1;66(7):3942-53.
  • Kusano AS, Trichopoulos D, Terry KL, Chen WY, Willett WC, Michels KB.A prospective study of breast size and premenopausal breast cancer incidence.Int J Cancer. 2006 Apr 15;118(8):2031-4.
  • Michels KB, Rosner BA, Chumlea WC, Colditz GA, Willett WC.Preschool diet and adult risk of breast cancer.Int J Cancer. 2006 Feb 1;118(3):749-54.
  • Stuebe AM, Rich-Edwards JW, Willett WC, Manson JE, Michels KB.Duration of lactation and incidence of type 2 diabetes.JAMA. 2005 Nov 23;294(20):2601-10.
  • Barbieri RL, Anastos L, Michels KB.Economic factors and the percentage of residency positions filled by United States medical graduates.Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Sep;106(3):581-4.
  • Holm IA, Manson JE, Michels KB, Alexander EK, Willett WC, Utiger RD.Smoking and other lifestyle factors and the risk of Graves' hyperthyroidism.Arch Intern Med. 2005 Jul 25;165(14):1606-11.
  • Baer HJ, Colditz GA, Rosner B, Michels KB, Rich-Edwards JW, Hunter DJ, Willett WC.Body fatness during childhood and adolescence and incidence of breast cancer in premenopausal women: a prospective cohort study.Breast Cancer Res. 2005;7(3):R314-25.
  • Terry KL, Willett WC, Rich-Edwards JW, Hunter DJ, Michels KB.Menstrual cycle characteristics and incidence of premenopausal breast cancer.Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Jun;14(6):1509-13.
  • Michels KB, Welch AA, Luben R, Bingham SA, Day NE.Measurement of fruit and vegetable consumption with diet questionnaires and implications for analyses and interpretation.Am J Epidemiol. 2005 May 15;161(10):987-94.
  • Michels KB.Diet and cancer: current knowledge, methodologic pitfalls and future directions.Int J Cancer. 2005 Sep 20;116(5):665-6.
  • Michels KB, Fuchs CS, Giovannucci E, Colditz GA, Hunter DJ, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC.Fiber intake and incidence of colorectal cancer among 76,947 women and 47,279 men.Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Apr;14(4):842-9.
  • Michels KB, Willett WC, Fuchs CS, Giovannucci E.Coffee, tea, and caffeine consumption and incidence of colon and rectal cancer.J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Feb 16;97(4):282-92.
  • Day NE, Wong MY, Bingham S, Khaw KT, Luben R, Michels KB, Welch A, Wareham NJ.Correlated measurement error--implications for nutritional epidemiology.Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Dec;33(6):1373-81.
  • Michels KB.The role of nutrition in cancer development and prevention.Int J Cancer. 2005 Mar 20;114(2):163-5.
  • Michels KB, Willett WC.Breast cancer--early life matters.N Engl J Med. 2004 Oct 14;351(16):1679-81.
  • Rich-Edwards JW, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Rosner B, Hu FB, Michels KB, Willett WC.Breastfeeding during infancy and the risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood.Epidemiology. 2004 Sep;15(5):550-6.
  • Michels KB, Bingham SA, Luben R, Welch AA, Day NE.The effect of correlated measurement error in multivariate models of diet.Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Jul 1;160(1):59-67.
  • Michels KB, Xue F, Brandt L, Ekbom A.Hyperparathyroidism and subsequent incidence of breast cancer.Int J Cancer. 2004 Jun 20;110(3):449-51.
  • Michels KB, Ekbom A.Caloric restriction and incidence of breast cancer.JAMA. 2004 Mar 10;291(10):1226-30.
  • Sills ES, Fryman JT, Perloe M, Michels KB, Tucker MJ.Chromatin fluorescence characteristics and standard semen analysis parameters: correlations observed in andrology testing among 136 males referred for infertility evaluation.J Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Jan;24(1):74-7.
  • Michels KB.Nutritional epidemiology--past, present, future.Int J Epidemiol. 2003 Aug;32(4):486-8.
  • Michels KB, Rothman KJ.Update on unethical use of placebos in randomised trials.Bioethics. 2003 Apr;17(2):188-204.
  • Michels KB, Solomon CG, Hu FB, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE, Colditz GA, Manson JE,.Type 2 diabetes and subsequent incidence of breast cancer in the Nurses' Health Study.Diabetes Care. 2003 Jun;26(6):1752-8.
  • Michels KB.Early life predictors of chronic disease.J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2003 Mar;12(2):157-61.
  • Michels KB, Manson JE.Postmenopausal hormone therapy: a reversal of fortune.Circulation. 2003 Apr 15;107(14):1830-3.
  • Michels KB.Hormone replacement therapy in epidemiologic studies and randomized clinical trials - are we checkmate?.Epidemiology. 2003 Jan;14(1):3-5.
  • Michels KB, Giovannucci E, Joshipura KJ, Rosner BA, Stampfer MJ, Fuchs CS, Colditz GA, Speizer FE, Willett WC.Fruit and vegetable consumption and colorectal cancer incidence.IARC Sci Publ. 2002;156:139-40.
  • Michels KB, Day NE.The role of correlated errors in the multivariate analysis of dietary data.IARC Sci Publ. 2002;156:21-2.
  • Michels KB, Wolk A.A prospective study of variety of healthy foods and mortality in women.Int J Epidemiol. 2002 Aug;31(4):847-54.
  • Michels KB, Braunwald E.Estimating treatment effects from observational data: dissonant and resonant notes from the SYMPHONY trials.JAMA. 2002 Jun 19;287(23):3130-2.
  • Michels KB.The contribution of the environment (especially diet) to breast cancer risk.Breast Cancer Res. 2002;4(2):58-61.
  • Michels KB, Holmberg L, Bergkvist L, Wolk A.Coffee, tea, and caffeine consumption and breast cancer incidence in a cohort of Swedish women.Ann Epidemiol. 2002 Jan;12(1):21-6.
  • Michels KB.A renaissance for measurement error.Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Jun;30(3):421-2.
  • Terry P, Giovannucci E, Michels KB, Bergkvist L, Hansen H, Holmberg L, Wolk A.Fruit, vegetables, dietary fiber, and risk of colorectal cancer.J Natl Cancer Inst. 2001 Apr 4;93(7):525-33.
  • Michels KB, Holmberg L, Bergkvist L, Ljung H, Bruce A, Wolk A.Dietary antioxidant vitamins, retinol, and breast cancer incidence in a cohort of Swedish women.Int J Cancer. 2001 Feb 15;91(4):563-7.
  • Michels KB.Fourth International Conference on Dietary Assessment Methods.Int J Epidemiol. 2000 Dec;29(6):1103.
  • Michels KB, Trichopoulos D, Rosner BA, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE, Willett WC.Being breastfed in infancy and breast cancer incidence in adult life: results from the two nurses' health studies.Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Feb 1;153(3):275-83.
  • Michels KB, Edward Giovannucci , Joshipura KJ, Rosner BA, Stampfer MJ, Fuchs CS, Colditz GA, Speizer FE, Willett WC.Prospective study of fruit and vegetable consumption and incidence of colon and rectal cancers.J Natl Cancer Inst. 2000 Nov 1;92(21):1740-52.
  • Melbye M, Wohlfahrt J, Lei U, Nørgaard-Pedersen B, Mouridsen HT, Lambe M, Michels KB.alpha-fetoprotein levels in maternal serum during pregnancy and maternal breast cancer incidence.J Natl Cancer Inst. 2000 Jun 21;92(12):1001-5.
  • Michels KB.The placebo problem remains.Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2000 Apr;57(4):321-2.
  • Tomeo CA, Rich-Edwards JW, Michels KB, Berkey CS, Hunter DJ, Frazier AL, Willett WC, Buka SL.Reproducibility and validity of maternal recall of pregnancy-related events.Epidemiology. 1999 Nov;10(6):774-7.
  • Greenland S, Michels KB, Robins JM, Poole C, Willett WC.Presenting statistical uncertainty in trends and dose-response relations.Am J Epidemiol. 1999 Jun 15;149(12):1077-86.
  • Michels KB.Problems assessing nonserious adverse drug reactions: antidepressant drug therapy and sexual dysfunction.Pharmacotherapy. 1999 Apr;19(4):424-9.
  • Hu FB, Manson JE, Liu S, Hunter D, Colditz GA, Michels KB, Speizer FE, Giovannucci E.Prospective study of adult onset diabetes mellitus (type 2) and risk of colorectal cancer in women.J Natl Cancer Inst. 1999 Mar 17;91(6):542-7.
  • Michels KB, Rosner BA, Walker AM, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Colditz GA, Hennekens CH, Willett WC.Calcium channel blockers, cancer incidence, and cancer mortality in a cohort of U.S. women: the nurses' health study.Cancer. 1998 Nov 1;83(9):2003-7.
  • Michels KB, Rosner BA, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Walker AM, Willett WC, Hennekens CH.Prospective study of calcium channel blocker use, cardiovascular disease, and total mortality among hypertensive women: the Nurses' Health Study.Circulation. 1998 Apr 28;97(16):1540-8.
  • Michels KB, Greenland S, Rosner BA.Does body mass index adequately capture the relation of body composition and body size to health outcomes?.Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Jan 15;147(2):167-72.
  • Michels KB, Trichopoulos D, Robins JM, Rosner BA, Manson JE, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE, Willett WC.Birthweight as a risk factor for breast cancer.Lancet. 1996 Dec 7;348(9041):1542-6.
  • Michels KB, Rosner BA.Data trawling: to fish or not to fish.Lancet. 1996 Oct 26;348(9035):1152-3.
  • Michels KB, Willett WC.Does induced or spontaneous abortion affect the risk of breast cancer?.Epidemiology. 1996 Sep;7(5):521-8.
  • Michels KB, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Manson JE, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE.Prospective assessment of breastfeeding and breast cancer incidence among 89,887 women.Lancet. 1996 Feb 17;347(8999):431-6.
  • Troy LM, Michels KB, Hunter DJ, Spiegelman D, Manson JE, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC.Self-reported birthweight and history of having been breastfed among younger women: an assessment of validity.Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Feb;25(1):122-7.
  • Michels KB, Willett WC.The women's health initiative: will it resolve the issues?.Recent Results Cancer Res. 1996;140:295-305.
  • Michels KB.The origins of Hodgkin's disease.Eur J Cancer Prev. 1995 Oct;4(5):379-88.
  • Lipworth L, Katsouyanni K, Ekbom A, Michels KB, Trichopoulos D.Abortion and the risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Greece.Int J Cancer. 1995 Apr 10;61(2):181-4.
  • Michels KB, Yusuf S.Does PTCA in acute myocardial infarction affect mortality and reinfarction rates? A quantitative overview (meta-analysis) of the randomized clinical trials.Circulation. 1995 Jan 15;91(2):476-85.
  • Michels KB, Hsieh CC, Trichopoulos D, Willett WC.Abortion and breast cancer risk in seven countries.Cancer Causes Control. 1995 Jan;6(1):75-82.
  • Rothman KJ, Michels KB.The continuing unethical use of placebo controls.N Engl J Med. 1994 Aug 11;331(6):394-8.
  • Michels KB, Willett WC.Vitamins and cancer: a practical means of prevention?.Important Adv Oncol. 1994:85-114.
  • Michels KB.Quo vadis meta-analysis? A potentially dangerous tool if used without adequate rules.Important Adv Oncol. 1992:243-8.