Gastrointestinal Malignancies Program

The DF/HCC Gastrointestinal Malignancies Program (GI Program) fosters research to unravel the pathophysiology of GI cancers and to design and implement novel strategies for early diagnosis, more effective and accurate treatment, and prevention. The GI program has made important advances that have translated into a robust portfolio of clinical trials using novel, rationally designed agents with broad consensus and participation across all DF/HCC institutions.

The GI Program has established a culture of inter-institutional communication and collaboration uniting basic, translational, clinical, and population scientists representing all biomedical disciplines. Given the complexity and heterogeneity of GI malignancies, the program has historically emphasized pancreatic and colorectal cancers, two of the four leading causes of U.S. cancer deaths. The Program is intensifying efforts in hepatobiliary, esophagogastric, and neuroendocrine tumors. Currently, the GI Program has more than 90 members.

Recent Publications

  • Simon TG, Ma Y, Ludvigsson JF, Chong DQ, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Meyerhardt JA, Corey KE, Chung RT, Zhang X, Chan AT. Association Between Aspirin Use and Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. JAMA Oncol 2018. PubMed
  • Patra KC, Kato Y, Mizukami Y, Widholz S, Boukhali M, Revenco I, Grossman EA, Ji F, Sadreyev RI, Liss AS, Screaton RA, Sakamoto K, Ryan DP, Mino-Kenudson M, Castillo CF, Nomura DK, Haas W, Bardeesy N. Mutant GNAS drives pancreatic tumourigenesis by inducing PKA-mediated SIK suppression and reprogramming lipid metabolism. Nat Cell Biol 2018; 20:811-822. PubMed
  • He X, Wu K, Ogino S, Giovannucci EL, Chan AT, Song M. Association Between Risk Factors for Colorectal Cancer and Risk of Serrated Polyps and Conventional Adenomas. Gastroenterology 2018. PubMed
  • Danai LV, Babic A, Rosenthal MH, Dennstedt EA, Muir A, Lien EC, Mayers JR, Tai K, Lau AN, Jones-Sali P, Prado CM, Petersen GM, Takahashi N, Sugimoto M, Yeh JJ, Lopez N, Bardeesy N, Fernandez-Del Castillo C, Liss AS, Koong AC, Bui J, Yuan C, Welch MW, Brais LK, Kulke MH, Dennis C, Clish CB, Wolpin BM, Vander Heiden MG. Altered exocrine function can drive adipose wasting in early pancreatic cancer. Nature 2018; 558:600-604. PubMed
  • Wong GS, Zhou J, Liu JB, Wu Z, Xu X, Li T, Xu D, Schumacher SE, Puschhof J, McFarland J, Zou C, Dulak A, Henderson L, Xu P, O'Day E, Rendak R, Liao WL, Cecchi F, Hembrough T, Schwartz S, Szeto C, Rustgi AK, Wong KK, Diehl JA, Jensen K, Graziano F, Ruzzo A, Fereshetian S, Mertins P, Carr SA, Beroukhim R, Nakamura K, Oki E, Watanabe M, Baba H, Imamura Y, Catenacci D, Bass AJ. Targeting wild-type KRAS-amplified gastroesophageal cancer through combined MEK and SHP2 inhibition. Nat Med 2018. PubMed
  • Aguirre AJ, Nowak JA, Camarda ND, Moffitt RA, Ghazani AA, Hazar-Rethinam M, Raghavan S, Kim J, Brais LK, Ragon D, Welch MW, Reilly E, McCabe D, Marini L, Anderka K, Helvie K, Oliver N, Babic A, Da Silva A, Nadres B, Van Seventer EE, Shahzade HA, St Pierre JP, Burke KP, Clancy TE, Cleary JM, Doyle LA, Jajoo K, McCleary NJ, Meyerhardt JA, Murphy JE, Ng K, Patel AK, Perez K, Rosenthal MH, Rubinson DA, Ryou M, Shapiro GI, Sicinska E, Silverman SG, Nagy RJ, Lanman RB, Knoerzer D, Welsch DJ, Yurgelun MB, Fuchs CS, Garraway LA, Getz G, Hornick JL, Johnson BE, Kulke MH, Mayer RJ, Miller JW, Shyn PB, Tuveson DA, Wagle N, Yeh JJ, Hahn WC, Corcoran RB, Carter SL, Wolpin BM. Real-time genomic characterization of advanced pancreatic cancer to enable precision medicine. 2018. PubMed
  • Van Blarigan EL, Fuchs CS, Niedzwiecki D, Zhang S, Saltz LB, Mayer RJ, Mowat RB, Whittom R, Hantel A, Benson A, Atienza D, Messino M, Kindler H, Venook A, Ogino S, Giovannucci EL, Ng K, Meyerhardt JA. Association of Survival With Adherence to the American Cancer Society Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines for Cancer Survivors After Colon Cancer Diagnosis: The CALGB 89803/Alliance Trial. JAMA Oncol 2018; 4:783-790. PubMed
  • Murphy JE, Wo JY, Ryan DP, Jiang W, Yeap BY, Drapek LC, Blaszkowsky LS, Kwak EL, Allen JN, Clark JW, Faris JE, Zhu AX, Goyal L, Lillemoe KD, DeLaney TF, Fernández-Del Castillo C, Ferrone CR, Hong TS. Total Neoadjuvant Therapy With FOLFIRINOX Followed by Individualized Chemoradiotherapy for Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: A Phase 2 Clinical Trial. JAMA Oncol 2018. PubMed
  • Neal CD, Weaver DT, Raphel TJ, Lietz AP, Flores EJ, Percac-Lima S, Knudsen AB, Pandharipande PV. Patient Navigation to Improve Cancer Screening in Underserved Populations: Reported Experiences, Opportunities, and Challenges. J Am Coll Radiol 2018. PubMed
  • Hazar-Rethinam M, Kleyman M, Han GC, Liu D, Ahronian LG, Shahzade HA, Chen L, Parikh AR, Allen JN, Clark JW, Kwak EL, Faris JE, Murphy JE, Hong TS, Van Seventer EE, Nadres B, Hong CB, Gurski JM, Jessop NA, Dias-Santagata D, Iafrate AJ, Van Allen EM, Corcoran RB. Convergent Therapeutic Strategies to Overcome the Heterogeneity of Acquired Resistance inColorectal Cancer. 2018; 8:417-427. PubMed
  • Shyn PB, Casadaban LC, Sainani NI, Sadow CA, Bunch PM, Levesque VM, Kim CK, Gerbaudo VH, Silverman SG. Intraprocedural Ablation Margin Assessment by Using Ammonia Perfusion PET during FDG PET/CT-guided Liver Tumor Ablation: A Pilot Study. Radiology 2018. PubMed
  • Saxena M, Roman AKS, O'Neill NK, Sulahian R, Jadhav U, Shivdasani RA. Transcription factor-dependent 'anti-repressive' mammalian enhancers exclude H3K27me3 from extended genomic domains. Genes Dev 2018; 31:2391-2404. PubMed
  • Bullman S, Pedamallu CS, Sicinska E, Clancy TE, Zhang X, Cai D, Neuberg D, Huang K, Guevara F, Nelson T, Chipashvili O, Hagan T, Walker M, Ramachandran A, Diosdado B, Serna G, Mulet N, Landolfi S, Ramon Y Cajal S, Fasani R, Aguirre AJ, Ng K, Élez E, Ogino S, Tabernero J, Fuchs CS, Hahn WC, Nuciforo P, Meyerson M. Analysis of Fusobacterium persistence and antibiotic response in colorectal cancer. Science 2017; 358:1443-1448. PubMed
  • Song M, Wu K, Meyerhardt JA, Ogino S, Wang M, Fuchs CS, Giovannucci EL, Chan AT. Fiber Intake and Survival After Colorectal Cancer Diagnosis. JAMA Oncol 2017. PubMed
  • Haber AL, Biton M, Rogel N, Herbst RH, Shekhar K, Smillie C, Burgin G, Delorey TM, Howitt MR, Katz Y, Tirosh I, Beyaz S, Dionne D, Zhang M, Raychowdhury R, Garrett WS, Rozenblatt-Rosen O, Shi HN, Yilmaz O, Xavier RJ, Regev A. A single-cell survey of the small intestinal epithelium. Nature 2017; 551:333-339. PubMed
  • Qian ZR, Rubinson DA, Nowak JA, Morales-Oyarvide V, Dunne RF, Kozak MM, Welch MW, Brais LK, Da Silva A, Li T, Li W, Masuda A, Yang J, Shi Y, Gu M, Masugi Y, Bui J, Zellers CL, Yuan C, Babic A, Khalaf N, Aguirre A, Ng K, Miksad RA, Bullock AJ, Chang DT, Tseng JF, Clancy TE, Linehan DC, Findeis-Hosey JJ, Doyle LA, Thorner AR, Ducar M, Wollison B, Laing A, Hahn WC, Meyerson M, Fuchs CS, Ogino S, Hornick JL, Hezel AF, Koong AC, Wolpin BM. Association of Alterations in Main Driver Genes With Outcomes of Patients With Resected Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma. JAMA Oncol 2017. PubMed
  • Hong TS, Wo JY, Borger DR, Yeap BY, McDonnell EI, Willers H, Blaszkowsky LS, Kwak EL, Allen JN, Clark JW, Tanguturi S, Goyal L, Murphy JE, Wolfgang JA, Drapek LC, Arellano RS, Mamon HJ, Mullen JT, Tanabe KK, Ferrone CR, Ryan DP, Iafrate AJ, DeLaney TF, Zhu AX. Phase II Study of Proton-Based Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Liver Metastases: Importance of Tumor Genotype. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2017. PubMed
  • Liu L, Nishihara R, Qian ZR, Tabung FK, Nevo D, Zhang X, Song M, Cao Y, Mima K, Masugi Y, Shi Y, da Silva A, Twombly T, Gu M, Li W, Hamada T, Kosumi K, Inamura K, Nowak JA, Drew DA, Lochhead P, Nosho K, Wu K, Wang M, Garrett WS, Chan AT, Fuchs CS, Giovannucci EL, Ogino S. Association Between Inflammatory Diet Pattern and Risk of Colorectal Carcinoma Subtypes Classified by Immune Responses to Tumor. Gastroenterology 2017. PubMed
  • Zaytouni T, Tsai PY, Hitchcock DS, DuBois CD, Freinkman E, Lin L, Morales-Oyarvide V, Lenehan PJ, Wolpin BM, Mino-Kenudson M, Torres EM, Stylopoulos N, Clish CB, Kalaany NY. Critical role for arginase 2 in obesity-associated pancreatic cancer. Nat Commun 2017; 8:242. PubMed
  • Yang KS, Im H, Hong S, Pergolini I, Del Castillo AF, Wang R, Clardy S, Huang CH, Pille C, Ferrone S, Yang R, Castro CM, Lee H, Del Castillo CF, Weissleder R. Multiparametric plasma EV profiling facilitates diagnosis of pancreatic malignancy. Sci Transl Med 2017. PubMed
  • Chen Y, Liu YC, Sung YC, Ramjiawan RR, Lin TT, Chang CC, Jeng KS, Chang CF, Liu CH, Gao DY, Hsu FF, Duyverman AM, Kitahara S, Huang P, Dima S, Popescu I, Flaherty KT, Zhu AX, Bardeesy N, Jain RK, Benes CH, Duda DG. Overcoming sorafenib evasion in hepatocellular carcinoma using CXCR4-targeted nanoparticles to co-deliver MEK-inhibitors. Sci Rep 2017; 7:44123. PubMed
  • Kottakis F, Nicolay BN, Roumane A, Karnik R, Gu H, Nagle JM, Boukhali M, Hayward MC, Li YY, Chen T, Liesa M, Hammerman PS, Wong KK, Hayes DN, Shirihai OS, Dyson NJ, Haas W, Meissner A, Bardeesy N. LKB1 loss links serine metabolism to DNA methylation and tumorigenesis. Nature 2016; 539:390-395. PubMed
  • Rahbari NN, Kedrin D, Incio J, Liu H, Ho WW, Nia HT, Edrich CM, Jung K, Daubriac J, Chen I, Heishi T, Martin JD, Huang Y, Maimon N, Reissfelder C, Weitz J, Boucher Y, Clark JW, Grodzinsky AJ, Duda DG, Jain RK, Fukumura D. Anti-VEGF therapy induces ECM remodeling and mechanical barriers to therapy in colorectal cancer liver metastases. Sci Transl Med 2016; 8:360ra135. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Baron AD, Malfertheiner P, Kudo M, Kawazoe S, Pezet D, Weissinger F, Brandi G, Barone CA, Okusaka T, Wada Y, Park JO, Ryoo BY, Cho JY, Chung HC, Li CP, Yen CJ, Lee KD, Chang SC, Yang L, Abada PB, Chau I. Ramucirumab as Second-Line Treatment in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Analysis of REACH Trial Results by Child-Pugh Score. JAMA Oncol 2016. PubMed
  • Sousa CM, Biancur DE, Wang X, Halbrook CJ, Sherman MH, Zhang L, Kremer D, Hwang RF, Witkiewicz AK, Ying H, Asara JM, Evans RM, Cantley LC, Lyssiotis CA, Kimmelman AC. Pancreatic stellate cells support tumour metabolism through autophagic alanine secretion. Nature 2016; 536:479-83. PubMed
  • Kim TH, Saadatpour A, Guo G, Saxena M, Cavazza A, Desai N, Jadhav U, Jiang L, Rivera MN, Orkin SH, Yuan GC, Shivdasani RA. Single-Cell Transcript Profiles Reveal Multilineage Priming in Early Progenitors Derived from Lgr5(+) Intestinal Stem Cells. Cell Rep 2016; 16:2053-60. PubMed
  • Sarkar A, Huebner AJ, Sulahian R, Anselmo A, Xu X, Flattery K, Desai N, Sebastian C, Yram MA, Arnold K, Rivera M, Mostoslavsky R, Bronson R, Bass AJ, Sadreyev R, Shivdasani RA, Hochedlinger K. Sox2 Suppresses Gastric Tumorigenesis in Mice. Cell Rep 2016; 16:1929-41. PubMed
  • Cox AG, Hwang KL, Brown KK, Evason KJ, Beltz S, Tsomides A, O'Connor K, Galli GG, Yimlamai D, Chhangawala S, Yuan M, Lien EC, Wucherpfennig J, Nissim S, Minami A, Cohen DE, Camargo FD, Asara JM, Houvras Y, Stainier DY, Goessling W. Yap reprograms glutamine metabolism to increase nucleotide biosynthesis and enable liver growth. Nat Cell Biol 2016; 18:886-96. PubMed
  • Kugel S, Sebastián C, Fitamant J, Ross KN, Saha SK, Jain E, Gladden A, Arora KS, Kato Y, Rivera MN, Ramaswamy S, Sadreyev RI, Goren A, Deshpande V, Bardeesy N, Mostoslavsky R. SIRT6 Suppresses Pancreatic Cancer through Control of Lin28b. Cell 2016; 165:1401-1415. PubMed
  • Jadhav U, Nalapareddy K, Saxena M, O'Neill NK, Pinello L, Yuan GC, Orkin SH, Shivdasani RA. Acquired Tissue-Specific Promoter Bivalency Is a Basis for PRC2 Necessity in Adult Cells. Cell 2016; 165:1389-400. PubMed
  • Giannakis M, Mu XJ, Shukla SA, Qian ZR, Cohen O, Nishihara R, Bahl S, Cao Y, Amin-Mansour A, Yamauchi M, Sukawa Y, Stewart C, Rosenberg M, Mima K, Inamura K, Nosho K, Nowak JA, Lawrence MS, Giovannucci EL, Chan AT, Ng K, Meyerhardt JA, Van Allen EM, Getz G, Gabriel SB, Lander ES, Wu CJ, Fuchs CS, Ogino S, Garraway LA. Genomic Correlates of Immune-Cell Infiltrates in Colorectal Carcinoma. Cell Rep 2016. PubMed
  • Song M, Nishihara R, Cao Y, Chun E, Qian ZR, Mima K, Inamura K, Masugi Y, Nowak JA, Nosho K, Wu K, Wang M, Giovannucci E, Garrett WS, Fuchs CS, Ogino S, Chan AT. Marine ω-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Intake and Risk of Colorectal Cancer Characterized by Tumor-Infiltrating T Cells. JAMA Oncol 2016. PubMed
  • Cejas P, Li L, O'Neill NK, Duarte M, Rao P, Bowden M, Zhou CW, Mendiola M, Burgos E, Feliu J, Moreno-Rubio J, Guadalajara H, Moreno V, García-Olmo D, Bellmunt J, Mullane S, Hirsch M, Sweeney CJ, Richardson A, Liu XS, Brown M, Shivdasani RA, Long HW. Chromatin immunoprecipitation from fixed clinical tissues reveals tumor-specific enhancer profiles. Nat Med 2016. PubMed
  • Peuker K, Muff S, Wang J, Künzel S, Bosse E, Zeissig Y, Luzzi G, Basic M, Strigli A, Ulbricht A, Kaser A, Arlt A, Chavakis T, van den Brink GR, Schafmayer C, Egberts JH, Becker T, Bianchi ME, Bleich A, Röcken C, Hampe J, Schreiber S, Baines JF, Blumberg RS, Zeissig S. Epithelial calcineurin controls microbiota-dependent intestinal tumor development. Nat Med 2016. PubMed
  • Cao Y, Nishihara R, Wu K, Wang M, Ogino S, Willett WC, Spiegelman D, Fuchs CS, Giovannucci EL, Chan AT. Population-wide Impact of Long-term Use of Aspirin and the Risk for Cancer. JAMA Oncol 2016. PubMed
  • Yuan C, Clish CB, Wu C, Mayers JR, Kraft P, Townsend MK, Zhang M, Tworoger SS, Bao Y, Qian ZR, Rubinson DA, Ng K, Giovannucci EL, Ogino S, Stampfer MJ, Gaziano JM, Ma J, Sesso HD, Anderson GL, Cochrane BB, Manson JE, Torrence ME, Kimmelman AC, Amundadottir LT, Vander Heiden MG, Fuchs CS, Wolpin BM. Circulating Metabolites and Survival Among Patients With Pancreatic Cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2016. PubMed
  • Gierut JJ, Wood LB, Lau KS, Lin YJ, Genetti C, Samatar AA, Lauffenburger DA, Haigis KM. Network-level effects of kinase inhibitors modulate TNF-α-induced apoptosis in the intestinal epithelium. Sci Signal 2015; 8:ra129. PubMed
  • Inamura K, Song M, Jung S, Nishihara R, Yamauchi M, Lochhead P, Qian ZR, Kim SA, Mima K, Sukawa Y, Masuda A, Imamura Y, Zhang X, Pollak MN, Mantzoros CS, Harris CC, Giovannucci E, Fuchs CS, Cho E, Chan AT, Wu K, Ogino S. Prediagnosis Plasma Adiponectin in Relation to Colorectal Cancer Risk According to KRAS Mutation Status. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2015. PubMed
  • Perera RM, Stoykova S, Nicolay BN, Ross KN, Fitamant J, Boukhali M, Lengrand J, Deshpande V, Selig MK, Ferrone CR, Settleman J, Stephanopoulos G, Dyson NJ, Zoncu R, Ramaswamy S, Haas W, Bardeesy N. Transcriptional control of autophagy-lysosome function drives pancreatic cancer metabolism. Nature 2015. PubMed
  • Mima K, Sukawa Y, Nishihara R, Qian ZR, Yamauchi M, Inamura K, Kim SA, Masuda A, Nowak JA, Nosho K, Kostic AD, Giannakis M, Watanabe H, Bullman S, Milner DA, Harris CC, Giovannucci E, Garraway LA, Freeman GJ, Dranoff G, Chan AT, Garrett WS, Huttenhower C, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Fusobacterium nucleatum and T Cells in Colorectal Carcinoma. JAMA Oncol 2015. PubMed
  • Reiberger T, Chen Y, Ramjiawan RR, Hato T, Fan C, Samuel R, Roberge S, Huang P, Lauwers GY, Zhu AX, Bardeesy N, Jain RK, Duda DG. An orthotopic mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma with underlying liver cirrhosis. Nat Protoc 2015; 10:1264-74. PubMed
  • Chun E, Lavoie S, Michaud M, Gallini CA, Kim J, Soucy G, Odze R, Glickman JN, Garrett WS. CCL2 Promotes Colorectal Carcinogenesis by Enhancing Polymorphonuclear Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cell Population and Function. Cell Rep 2015; 12:244-57. PubMed
  • Zhu AX, Park JO, Ryoo BY, Yen CJ, Poon R, Pastorelli D, Blanc JF, Chung HC, Baron AD, Pfiffer TE, Okusaka T, Kubackova K, Trojan J, Sastre J, Chau I, Chang SC, Abada PB, Yang L, Schwartz JD, Kudo M, . Ramucirumab versus placebo as second-line treatment in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma following first-line therapy with sorafenib (REACH): a randomised, double-blind, multicentre, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2015; 16:859-70. PubMed
  • Mayer RJ, Van Cutsem E, Falcone A, Yoshino T, Garcia-Carbonero R, Mizunuma N, Yamazaki K, Shimada Y, Tabernero J, Komatsu Y, Sobrero A, Boucher E, Peeters M, Tran B, Lenz HJ, Zaniboni A, Hochster H, Cleary JM, Prenen H, Benedetti F, Mizuguchi H, Makris L, Ito M, Ohtsu A, . Randomized trial of TAS-102 for refractory metastatic colorectal cancer. N Engl J Med 2015; 372:1909-19. PubMed
  • Fitamant J, Kottakis F, Benhamouche S, Tian HS, Chuvin N, Parachoniak CA, Nagle JM, Perera RM, Lapouge M, Deshpande V, Zhu AX, Lai A, Min B, Hoshida Y, Avruch J, Sia D, Campreciós G, McClatchey AI, Llovet JM, Morrissey D, Raj L, Bardeesy N. YAP Inhibition Restores Hepatocyte Differentiation in Advanced HCC, Leading to Tumor Regression. Cell Rep 2015. PubMed
  • Huang YH, Zhu C, Kondo Y, Anderson AC, Gandhi A, Russell A, Dougan SK, Petersen BS, Melum E, Pertel T, Clayton KL, Raab M, Chen Q, Beauchemin N, Yazaki PJ, Pyzik M, Ostrowski MA, Glickman JN, Rudd CE, Ploegh HL, Franke A, Petsko GA, Kuchroo VK, Blumberg RS. CEACAM1 regulates TIM-3-mediated tolerance and exhaustion. Nature 2015; 517:386-90. PubMed
  • Giannakis M, Hodis E, Jasmine Mu X, Yamauchi M, Rosenbluh J, Cibulskis K, Saksena G, Lawrence MS, Qian ZR, Nishihara R, Van Allen EM, Hahn WC, Gabriel SB, Lander ES, Getz G, Ogino S, Fuchs CS, Garraway LA. RNF43 is frequently mutated in colorectal and endometrial cancers. Nat Genet 2014; 46:1264-6. PubMed
  • Mayers JR, Wu C, Clish CB, Kraft P, Torrence ME, Fiske BP, Yuan C, Bao Y, Townsend MK, Tworoger SS, Davidson SM, Papagiannakopoulos T, Yang A, Dayton TL, Ogino S, Stampfer MJ, Giovannucci EL, Qian ZR, Rubinson DA, Ma J, Sesso HD, Gaziano JM, Cochrane BB, Liu S, Wactawski-Wende J, Manson JE, Pollak MN, Kimmelman AC, Souza A, Pierce K, Wang TJ, Gerszten RE, Fuchs CS, Vander Heiden MG, Wolpin BM. Elevation of circulating branched-chain amino acids is an early event in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma development. Nat Med 2014; 20:1193-8. PubMed
  • Ting DT, Wittner BS, Ligorio M, Vincent Jordan N, Shah AM, Miyamoto DT, Aceto N, Bersani F, Brannigan BW, Xega K, Ciciliano JC, Zhu H, MacKenzie OC, Trautwein J, Arora KS, Shahid M, Ellis HL, Qu N, Bardeesy N, Rivera MN, Deshpande V, Ferrone CR, Kapur R, Ramaswamy S, Shioda T, Toner M, Maheswaran S, Haber DA. Single-cell RNA sequencing identifies extracellular matrix gene expression by pancreatic circulating tumor cells. Cell Rep 2014; 8:1905-18. PubMed
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