Cancer Epidemiology Program

The DF/HCC Cancer Epidemiology Program seeks to identify factors that influence cancer incidence and survival, to further our understanding of cancer causes and develop prevention strategies that reduce the burden of cancer. The Program also uses epidemiologic techniques to refine our understanding of causal mechanisms and biological pathways for these factors.

The Program’s research activities have served to apply findings from basic biological research into the population setting. This research also serves to inspire basic research, to discover mechanisms of action for risk and preventive factors. A key goal is to translate epidemiologic findings for primary and secondary prevention, and clinical application. Through the conduct of case-control and cohort studies, more than 60 program members address specific hypotheses around hormonal, genetic, infectious, dietary, occupational, and lifestyle factors for cancer. A major emphasis is the integration of molecular data, including biomarkers in tissue and blood, as well as inherited genetic variants. The integration of molecular data into cancer epidemiology studies allows members to identify molecular predictors of cancer risk prognosis, that will lead to improved diagnosis, prognostication, and survival.

Recent Publications

  • Mayers JR, Wu C, Clish CB, Kraft P, Torrence ME, Fiske BP, Yuan C, Bao Y, Townsend MK, Tworoger SS, Davidson SM, Papagiannakopoulos T, Yang A, Dayton TL, Ogino S, Stampfer MJ, Giovannucci EL, Qian ZR, Rubinson DA, Ma J, Sesso HD, Gaziano JM, Cochrane BB, Liu S, Wactawski-Wende J, Manson JE, Pollak MN, Kimmelman AC, Souza A, Pierce K, Wang TJ, Gerszten RE, Fuchs CS, Vander Heiden MG, Wolpin BM. Elevation of circulating branched-chain amino acids is an early event in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma development. Nat Med 2014; 20:1193-8. PubMed
  • Puett RC, Hart JE, Yanosky JD, Spiegelman D, Wang M, Fisher JA, Hong B, Laden F. Particulate matter air pollution exposure, distance to road, and incident lung cancer in the nurses' health study cohort. Environ Health Perspect 2014. PubMed
  • Flavin R, Pettersson A, Hendrickson WK, Fiorentino M, Finn S, Kunz L, Judson GL, Lis R, Bailey D, Fiore C, Nuttall E, Martin NE, Stack E, Penney KL, Rider JR, Sinnott J, Sweeney C, Sesso HD, Fall K, Giovannucci E, Kantoff P, Stampfer M, Loda M, Mucci LA. SPINK1 Protein Expression and Prostate Cancer Progression. Clin Cancer Res 2014. PubMed
  • Wolpin BM, Rizzato C, Kraft P, Kooperberg C, Petersen GM, Wang Z, Arslan AA, Beane-Freeman L, Bracci PM, Buring J, Canzian F, Duell EJ, Gallinger S, Giles GG, Goodman GE, Goodman PJ, Jacobs EJ, Kamineni A, Klein AP, Kolonel LN, Kulke MH, Li D, Malats N, Olson SH, Risch HA, Sesso HD, Visvanathan K, White E, Zheng W, Abnet CC, Albanes D, Andreotti G, Austin MA, Barfield R, Basso D, Berndt SI, Boutron-Ruault MC, Brotzman M, Büchler MW, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Bugert P, Burdette L, Campa D, Caporaso NE, Capurso G, Chung C, Cotterchio M, Costello E, Elena J, Funel N, Gaziano JM, Giese NA, Giovannucci EL, Goggins M, Gorman MJ, Gross M, Haiman CA, Hassan M, Helzlsouer KJ, Henderson BE, Holly EA, Hu N, Hunter DJ, Innocenti F, Jenab M, Kaaks R, Key TJ, Khaw KT, Klein EA, Kogevinas M, Krogh V, Kupcinskas J, Kurtz RC, LaCroix A, Landi MT, Landi S, Le Marchand L, Mambrini A, Mannisto S, Milne RL, Nakamura Y, Oberg AL, Owzar K, Patel AV, Peeters PH, Peters U, Pezzilli R, Piepoli A, Porta M, Real FX, Riboli E, Rothman N, Scarpa A, Shu XO, Silverman DT, Soucek P, Sund M, Talar-Wojnarowska R, Taylor PR, Theodoropoulos GE, Thornquist M, Tjønneland A, Tobias GS, Trichopoulos D, Vodicka P, Wactawski-Wende J, Wentzensen N, Wu C, Yu H, Yu K, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Hoover R, Hartge P, Fuchs C, Chanock SJ, Stolzenberg-Solomon RS, Amundadottir LT. Genome-wide association study identifies multiple susceptibility loci for pancreatic cancer. Nat Genet 2014; 46:994-1000. PubMed
  • Zhang M, Zhang X, Qureshi AA, Eliassen AH, Hankinson SE, Han J. Association between cutaneous nevi and breast cancer in the Nurses' Health Study: a prospective cohort study. PLoS Med. 2014; 11:e1001659. PubMed
  • Chen MM, Crous-Bou M, Setiawan VW, Prescott J, Olson SH, Wentzensen N, Black A, Brinton L, Chen C, Chen C, Cook LS, Doherty J, Friedenreich CM, Hankinson SE, Hartge P, Henderson BE, Hunter DJ, Le Marchand L, Liang X, Lissowska J, Lu L, Orlow I, Petruzella S, Polidoro S, Pooler L, Rebbeck TR, Risch H, Sacerdote C, Schumacher F, Sheng X, Shu XO, Weiss NS, Xia L, Van Den Berg D, Yang HP, Yu H, Chanock S, Haiman C, Kraft P, De Vivo I. Exome-wide association study of endometrial cancer in a multiethnic population. PLoS ONE 2014; 9:e97045. PubMed
  • Hjelmborg JB, Scheike T, Holst K, Skytthe A, Penney KL, Graff RE, Pukkala E, Christensen K, Adami HO, Holm NV, Nuttall E, Hansen S, Hartman M, Czene K, Harris JR, Kaprio J, Mucci LA. The Heritability of Prostate Cancer in the Nordic Twin Study of Cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2014. PubMed
  • Shui IM, Lindström S, Kibel AS, Berndt SI, Campa D, Gerke T, Penney KL, Albanes D, Berg C, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Chanock S, Crawford ED, Diver WR, Gapstur SM, Gaziano JM, Giles GG, Henderson B, Hoover R, Johansson M, Le Marchand L, Ma J, Navarro C, Overvad K, Schumacher FR, Severi G, Siddiq A, Stampfer M, Stevens VL, Travis RC, Trichopoulos D, Vineis P, Mucci LA, Yeager M, Giovannucci E, Kraft P. Prostate cancer (PCa) risk variants and risk of fatal PCa in the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium. Eur Urol 2014; 65:1069-75. PubMed
  • Fink SP, Yamauchi M, Nishihara R, Jung S, Kuchiba A, Wu K, Cho E, Giovannucci E, Fuchs CS, Ogino S, Markowitz SD, Chan AT. Aspirin and the risk of colorectal cancer in relation to the expression of 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (HPGD). Sci Transl Med 2014; 6:233re2. PubMed
  • VanderWeele TJ, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Cornelis M, Kraft P. Methodological challenges in mendelian randomization. Epidemiology 2014; 25:427-35. PubMed
  • Du M, Kraft P, Eliassen AH, Giovannucci E, Hankinson SE, De Vivo I. Physical activity and risk of endometrial adenocarcinoma in the Nurses' Health Study. Int J Cancer 2014; 134:2707-16. PubMed
  • Chandler PD, Scott JB, Drake BF, Ng K, Manson JE, Rifai N, Chan AT, Bennett GG, Hollis BW, Giovannucci EL, Emmons KM, Fuchs CS. Impact of vitamin D supplementation on inflammatory markers in African Americans: results of a four-arm, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Cancer Prev Res (Phila Pa) 2014; 7:218-25. PubMed
  • Abrams TA, Meyer G, Schrag D, Meyerhardt JA, Moloney J, Fuchs CS. Chemotherapy usage patterns in a US-wide cohort of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2014; 106:djt371. PubMed
  • Mahalingaiah S, Hart JE, Laden F, Aschengrau A, Missmer SA. Air pollution exposures during adulthood and risk of endometriosis in the Nurses' Health Study II. Environ Health Perspect 2014; 122:58-64. PubMed
  • Zu K, Mucci L, Rosner BA, Clinton SK, Loda M, Stampfer MJ, Giovannucci E. Dietary lycopene, angiogenesis, and prostate cancer: a prospective study in the prostate-specific antigen era. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2014; 106:djt430. PubMed
  • De Vivo I, Prescott J, Setiawan VW, Olson SH, Wentzensen N, , Attia J, Black A, Brinton L, Chen C, Chen C, Cook LS, Crous-Bou M, Doherty J, Dunning AM, Easton DF, Friedenreich CM, Garcia-Closas M, Gaudet MM, Haiman C, Hankinson SE, Hartge P, Henderson BE, Holliday E, Horn-Ross PL, Hunter DJ, Le Marchand L, Liang X, Lissowska J, Long J, Lu L, Magliocco AM, McEvoy M, O'Mara TA, Orlow I, Painter JN, Pooler L, Rastogi R, Rebbeck TR, Risch H, Sacerdote C, Schumacher F, Scott RJ, Sheng X, Shu XO, Spurdle AB, Thompson D, Vanden Berg D, Weiss NS, Xia L, Xiang YB, Yang HP, Yu H, Zheng W, Chanock S, Kraft P. Genome-wide association study of endometrial cancer in E2C2. Hum Genet 2014; 133:211-24. PubMed
  • Pettersson A, Lis RT, Meisner A, Flavin R, Stack EC, Fiorentino M, Finn S, Graff RE, Penney KL, Rider JR, Nuttall EJ, Martin NE, Sesso HD, Pollak M, Stampfer MJ, Kantoff PW, Giovannucci EL, Loda M, Mucci LA. Modification of the association between obesity and lethal prostate cancer by TMPRSS2:ERG. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2013; 105:1881-90. PubMed
  • Li WQ, Qureshi AA, Ma J, Goldstein AM, Giovannucci EL, Stampfer MJ, Han J. Personal history of prostate cancer and increased risk of incident melanoma in the United States. J Clin Oncol 2013; 31:4394-9. PubMed
  • Ogino S, Liao X, Imamura Y, Yamauchi M, McCleary NJ, Ng K, Niedzwiecki D, Saltz LB, Mayer RJ, Whittom R, Hantel A, Benson AB, Mowat RB, Spiegelman D, Goldberg RM, Bertagnolli MM, Meyerhardt JA, Fuchs CS, . Predictive and prognostic analysis of PIK3CA mutation in stage III colon cancer intergroup trial. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2013; 105:1789-98. PubMed
  • Bao Y, Han J, Hu FB, Giovannucci EL, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Fuchs CS. Association of nut consumption with total and cause-specific mortality. N Engl J Med 2013; 369:2001-11. PubMed
  • Yuan C, Bao Y, Wu C, Kraft P, Ogino S, Ng K, Qian ZR, Rubinson DA, Stampfer MJ, Giovannucci EL, Wolpin BM. Prediagnostic body mass index and pancreatic cancer survival. J Clin Oncol 2013; 31:4229-34. PubMed
  • Warner ET, Colditz GA, Palmer JR, Partridge AH, Rosner BA, Tamimi RM. Reproductive factors and risk of premenopausal breast cancer by age at diagnosis: are there differences before and after age 40? Breast Cancer Res Treat 2013; 142:165-75. PubMed
  • Liu Y, Colditz GA, Rosner B, Berkey CS, Collins LC, Schnitt SJ, Connolly JL, Chen WY, Willett WC, Tamimi RM. Alcohol intake between menarche and first pregnancy: a prospective study of breast cancer risk. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2013; 105:1571-8. PubMed
  • Klein AP, Lindström S, Mendelsohn JB, Steplowski E, Arslan AA, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Fuchs CS, Gallinger S, Gross M, Helzlsouer K, Holly EA, Jacobs EJ, Lacroix A, Li D, Mandelson MT, Olson SH, Petersen GM, Risch HA, Stolzenberg-Solomon RZ, Zheng W, Amundadottir L, Albanes D, Allen NE, Bamlet WR, Boutron-Ruault MC, Buring JE, Bracci PM, Canzian F, Clipp S, Cotterchio M, Duell EJ, Elena J, Gaziano JM, Giovannucci EL, Goggins M, Hallmans G, Hassan M, Hutchinson A, Hunter DJ, Kooperberg C, Kurtz RC, Liu S, Overvad K, Palli D, Patel AV, Rabe KG, Shu XO, Slimani N, Tobias GS, Trichopoulos D, Van Den Eeden SK, Vineis P, Virtamo J, Wactawski-Wende J, Wolpin BM, Yu H, Yu K, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Chanock SJ, Hoover RN, Hartge P, Kraft P. An absolute risk model to identify individuals at elevated risk for pancreatic cancer in the general population. PLoS ONE 2013; 8:e72311. PubMed
  • Penney KL, Stampfer MJ, Jahn JL, Sinnott JA, Flavin R, Rider JR, Finn S, Giovannucci E, Sesso HD, Loda M, Mucci LA, Fiorentino M. Gleason grade progression is uncommon. Cancer Res 2013; 73:5163-8. PubMed
  • Tworoger SS, Eliassen AH, Zhang X, Qian J, Sluss PM, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE. A 20-year prospective study of plasma prolactin as a risk marker of breast cancer development. Cancer Res 2013; 73:4810-9. PubMed
  • Wolpin BM, Bao Y, Qian ZR, Wu C, Kraft P, Ogino S, Stampfer MJ, Sato K, Ma J, Buring JE, Sesso HD, Lee IM, Gaziano JM, McTiernan A, Phillips LS, Cochrane BB, Pollak MN, Manson JE, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. Hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, impaired pancreatic 硫-cell function, and risk of pancreatic cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2013; 105:1027-35. PubMed
  • Choudhury S, Almendro V, Merino VF, Wu Z, Maruyama R, Su Y, Martins FC, Fackler MJ, Bessarabova M, Kowalczyk A, Conway T, Beresford-Smith B, Macintyre G, Cheng YK, Lopez-Bujanda Z, Kaspi A, Hu R, Robens J, Nikolskaya T, Haakensen VD, Schnitt SJ, Argani P, Ethington G, Panos L, Grant M, Clark J, Herlihy W, Lin SJ, Chew G, Thompson EW, Greene-Colozzi A, Richardson AL, Rosson GD, Pike M, Garber JE, Nikolsky Y, Blum JL, Au A, Hwang ES, Tamimi RM, Michor F, Haviv I, Liu XS, Sukumar S, Polyak K. Molecular profiling of human mammary gland links breast cancer risk to a p27(+) cell population with progenitor characteristics. Cell Stem Cell 2013; 13:117-30. PubMed
  • Nishihara R, Lochhead P, Kuchiba A, Jung S, Yamauchi M, Liao X, Imamura Y, Qian ZR, Morikawa T, Wang M, Spiegelman D, Cho E, Giovannucci E, Fuchs CS, Chan AT, Ogino S. Aspirin use and risk of colorectal cancer according to BRAF mutation status. JAMA 2013; 309:2563-71. PubMed
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