Photo of Irene M. Ghobrial,  MD

Irene M. Ghobrial, MD

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Phone: (617) 632-4198

Irene M. Ghobrial, MD

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute


  • Professor, Medicine, Harvard Medical School
  • Lavine Family Chair, Preventative Cancer Therapies, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute



  • Member, Center Scientific Council

Research Abstract

My research focuses on understanding the regulation of cell trafficking and cell metastasis in malignancies that disseminate in the bone marrow such as Multiple Myeloma (MM) and Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia (WM). I specifically focus on the role of the malignant bone marrow niche in disease progression from early precursor conditions like MGUS/smoldering MM to overt MM. We use MM as a model of bone metastasis and dissemination.

MM is a plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by the presence of multiple myelomatous “omas” throughout the skeleton indicating that there is continuous trafficking of tumor cells to multiple areas in the bone marrow niches. MM may therefore represent one of the best models to study cell trafficking or cell metastasis. Although the term “metastasis” is not commonly used to describe dissemination of hematological malignancies, my lab attempts to examine how MM can use a process of cell dissemination that is similar to cell trafficking of hematopoietic stem cell (HSCs) and cell metastasis in solid epithelial carcinomas. These studies can guide our understanding of the biological changes that occur during progression in MM.

The process of cell metastasis is described as a multistep process, the invasion-metastasis cascade. This involves cell invasion, intravasation into nearby blood vessels, passage into the circulation, followed by homing into predetermined distant tissues, the formation of new foci of micrometastases, and finally the growth of micrometastasis into macroscopic tumors. This review discusses the significant advances that have been discovered in the complex process of invasion-metastasis in epithelial carcinomas and cell trafficking in hematopoietic stem cells and how this process relates to progression in MM. This progression is mediated by clonal intrinsic factors that mediate tumor invasiveness as well as factors present in the tumor microenvironment that are permissive to oncogenic proliferation. Therapeutic agents that target the different steps of cell dissemination and progression are discussed. Despite the significant advances in the treatment of MM, better therapeutic agents that target this metastatic cascade are urgently needed.

To better examine in vivo localization of MM cells into the different niches of the bone marrow, we developed an imaging model to determine cell-cell interaction of tumor cells with the vascular niche or endosteal niche. Our group has shown that MM cells could be seen interacting with the endothelium of the calvarial bone marrow vasculature within minutes after intravenous injection into the tail vein of SCID mice using intravital confocal microscopy. We are currently examining the role of the malignant bone marrow niche and its components including stromal cells, endothelial cells and immune cells in regulating clonal evolution and tumor dissemination using a novel bone metastasis model with rainbow fluorescent 15 clone cell lines. In addition, we developed a novel in vitro bone marrow niche 3D model system to perform high-throughput screens such as RNAi or CRISPR screens as well as drug screens to examine interactions of stromal cells, endothelial cells and tumor cells.

We used the chemokine SDF-1 and its receptor CXCR4 as a model of understanding migration, homing and egress of MM and WM cells into and out of the marrow. We examined mechanisms of cell trafficking through the CXCR4/SDF-1 axis and downstream signaling proteins including the PI3K/Akt axis and Rho/Rac signaling. In addition, we identified a critical role of integrins, selectins and cadherins in regulating MM cell trafficking in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we showed that hypoxia regulates cell dissemination and metastasis in MM through activation of transcription factors that modulate epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process similar to that observed in solid tumor metastasis. Our recent data shows that activating mutation in CXCR4 (WHIM) in 20-30% of patients with WM leads to cell dissemination and drug resistance in WM cells and can be used to determine extramedullary disease in WM and drug resistance to PI3K, mTOR and BTK inhibitors. In addition, CXCR4 over-expression MM cells show extramedullary involvement and enhanced EMT-like transcriptional regulation that can be inhibited by a novel CXCR4 antibody inhibitor. Based on these studies, we have developed clinical trials using CXCR4 inhibitors in MM.

Although preparation of the pre-metastatic niche has not been studied in MM, we recently showed that stromal cells present in contact with MM cells secrete exosomes that modulate the growth and dissemination potential of MM cells. Our study showed that MM derived bone marrow stromal cells release exosomes, which are transferred to tumor cells, thereby resulting in modulation of tumor growth in vivo. Studies to define tumor derived exosomes and their role in preparing the pre-metastatic niche in MM are underway.

The lab is currently focusing on multiple aspects of cell metastasis or cell dissemination in MM and WM as tumor models for cell metastasis to the bone marrow niches: We are examining 1) mechanisms of early cell dissemination such as EMT transition and its epigenetic regulation, 2) the role of circulating tumor cells in cell dissemination, 3) preparation of the metastatic niche, 4) factors regulator progression of micrometastasis in patients with MGUS to overt MM, 5) miRNA regulators of tumor dissemination and stromal/myeloma interaction for cell dissemination, 6) Mechanisms of cell dissemination in extramedullary MM, 7) the role of hypoxia/metabolomics in regulating cell dissemination and drug resistance in MM.

In addition, our laboratory research data has been rapidly translated to innovative investigator-initiated clinical trials. We have conducted over 10 phase I and II clinical trials. Our studies on MM cell trafficking have been translated to the first chemosensitization trials in patients with Multiple Myeloma. In addition, I am the co-leader of the first consortium of clinical trials for blood cancers in collaboration with the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society to form the Blood Cancer Research Partnership (BCRP), a consortium for innovative clinical trials of 11 community oncology sites coordinated by DFCI. Moreover, we are initiating a new center for Prevention of Progression in Blood Cancers (BCP2) where patients with precursor conditions such as MGUS, early MDS and early CLL will be monitored propsectively for clonal evolution during disease progression. Clinical trials and research efforst will be coordinated for patients seen in this clinic to develop therapeutic agents that can prevent/delay disease progression in these early malignant conditions.

In support of the academic mission of Harvard Medical School, I am strongly involved in the teaching and training of our Internal Medicine Residents and Hematology/Oncology Fellows. I regularly give teaching lectures for Internal Medicine residents during their rotations on the Leukemia service and on morning teaching rounds. In addition, I am involved in the teaching of Hematology/Oncology fellows on regular basis and their academic career development. In addition, I am a mentor of Harvard Medical School/MIT students, The Continuing Umbrella of Research Experiences (CURE) program students as well as multiple postdoctoral fellows and students.


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  • Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Haradhvala NJ, Getz G, Ghobrial IM. Inflammatory stromal cells in the myeloma microenvironment. Nat Immunol 2021. PubMed
  • Sewastianik T, Straubhaar JR, Zhao JJ, Samur MK, Adler K, Tanton HE, Shanmugam V, Nadeem O, Dennis PS, Pillai V, Wang J, Jiang M, Lin J, Huang Y, Brooks D, Bouxsein M, Dorfman DM, Pinkus GS, Robbiani DF, Ghobrial IM, Budnik B, Jarolim P, Munshi NC, Anderson KC, Carrasco RD. miR-15a/16-1 deletion in activated B cells promotes plasma cell and mature B-cell neoplasms. Blood 2021; 137:1905-1919. PubMed
  • Donovan KA, Ferguson FM, Bushman JW, Eleuteri NA, Bhunia D, Ryu S, Tan L, Shi K, Yue H, Liu X, Dobrovolsky D, Jiang B, Wang J, Hao M, You I, Teng M, Liang Y, Hatcher J, Li Z, Manz TD, Groendyke B, Hu W, Nam Y, Sengupta S, Cho H, Shin I, Agius MP, Ghobrial IM, Ma MW, Che J, Buhrlage SJ, Sim T, Gray NS, Fischer ES. Mapping the Degradable Kinome Provides a Resource for Expedited Degrader Development. Cell 2021; 183:1714-1731.e10. PubMed
  • Shen YJ, Mishima Y, Shi J, Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Redd RA, Moschetta M, Manier S, Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Tai YT, Mercier FE, Kawano Y, Su NK, Berrios B, Doench J, Root DE, Michor F, Scadden DT, Ghobrial IM. Progression signature underlies clonal evolution and dissemination of multiple myeloma. Blood 2020. PubMed
  • Treon SP, Meid K, Gustine J, Yang G, Xu L, Liu X, Patterson CJ, Hunter ZR, Branagan AR, Laubach JP, Ghobrial IM, Palomba ML, Advani R, Castillo JJ. Long-Term Follow-Up of Ibrutinib Monotherapy in Symptomatic, Previously Treated Patients With Waldenström Macroglobulinemia. J Clin Oncol 2020. PubMed
  • Nguyen HV, Detappe A, Harvey P, Gallagher N, Mathieu C, Agius MP, Zavidij O, Wang W, Jiang Y, Rajca A, Jasanoff A, Ghobrial IM, Ghoroghchian PP, Johnson JA. Pro-organic radical contrast agents ("pro-ORCAs") for real-time MRI of pro-drug activation in biological systems. Polym Chem 2021; 11:4768-4779. PubMed
  • Neuse CJ, Lomas OC, Schliemann C, Shen YJ, Manier S, Bustoros M, Ghobrial IM. Genome instability in multiple myeloma. Leukemia 2020. PubMed
  • Lomas OC, Mouhieddine TH, Tahri S, Ghobrial IM. Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance (MGUS)-Not So Asymptomatic after All. Cancers (Basel) 2020. PubMed
  • Mouhieddine TH, Sperling AS, Redd R, Park J, Leventhal M, Gibson CJ, Manier S, Nassar AH, Capelletti M, Huynh D, Bustoros M, Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Tahri S, Hornburg K, Dumke H, Itani MM, Boehner CJ, Liu CJ, AlDubayan SH, Reardon B, Van Allen EM, Keats JJ, Stewart C, Mehr S, Auclair D, Schlossman RL, Munshi NC, Anderson KC, Steensma DP, Laubach JP, Richardson PG, Ritz J, Ebert BL, Soiffer RJ, Trippa L, Getz G, Neuberg DS, Ghobrial IM. Clonal hematopoiesis is associated with adverse outcomes in multiple myeloma patients undergoing transplant. Nat Commun 2020; 11:2996. PubMed
  • Bustoros M, Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Park J, Redd R, Zhitomirsky B, Dunford AJ, Salem K, Tai YT, Anand S, Mouhieddine TH, Chavda SJ, Boehner C, Elagina L, Neuse CJ, Cha J, Rahmat M, Taylor-Weiner A, Van Allen E, Kumar S, Kastritis E, Leshchiner I, Morgan EA, Laubach J, Casneuf T, Richardson P, Munshi NC, Anderson KC, Trippa L, Aguet F, Stewart C, Dimopoulos MA, Yong K, Bergsagel PL, Manier S, Getz G, Ghobrial IM. Genomic Profiling of Smoldering Multiple Myeloma Identifies Patients at a High Risk of Disease Progression. J Clin Oncol 2020. PubMed
  • Zavidij O, Haradhvala NJ, Mouhieddine TH, Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Cai S, Reidy M, Rahmat M, Flaifel A, Ferland B, Su NK, Agius MP, Park J, Manier S, Bustoros M, Huynh D, Capelletti M, Berrios B, Liu CJ, He MX, Braggio E, Fonseca R, Maruvka Y, Guerriero JL, Goldman M, van Allen E, McCarroll SA, Azzi J, Getz G, Ghobrial IM. Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals compromised immune microenvironment in precursor stages of multiple myeloma. 2021; 1:493-506. PubMed
  • Lomas OC, Ghobrial IM. Clinical Controversies in the Management of Smoldering Multiple Myeloma. Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book 2020; 40:1-6. PubMed
  • Méndez-Ferrer S, Bonnet D, Steensma DP, Hasserjian RP, Ghobrial IM, Gribben JG, Andreeff M, Krause DS. Bone marrow niches in haematological malignancies. Nat Rev Cancer 2020. PubMed
  • Treon SP, Xu L, Guerrera ML, Jimenez C, Hunter ZR, Liu X, Demos M, Gustine J, Chan G, Munshi M, Tsakmaklis N, Chen JG, Kofides A, Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Bustoros M, Keezer A, Meid K, Patterson CJ, Sacco A, Roccaro A, Branagan AR, Yang G, Ghobrial IM, Castillo JJ. Genomic Landscape of Waldenström Macroglobulinemia and Its Impact on Treatment Strategies. J Clin Oncol 2020. PubMed
  • Lee DH, Fung TT, Tabung FK, Marinac CR, Devore EE, Rosner BA, Ghobrial IM, Colditz GA, Giovannucci EL, Birmann BM. Prediagnosis dietary pattern and survival in patients with multiple myeloma. Int. J. Cancer 2020. PubMed
  • Marinac CR, Ghobrial IM, Birmann BM, Soiffer J, Rebbeck TR. Dissecting racial disparities in multiple myeloma. Blood Cancer J 2020; 10:19. PubMed
  • Treon SP, Castillo JJ, Skarbnik AP, Soumerai JD, Ghobrial IM, Guerrera ML, Meid K, Yang G. The BTK inhibitor ibrutinib may protect against pulmonary injury in COVID-19-infected patients. Blood 2020; 135:1912-1915. PubMed
  • Nadeem O, Ghobrial IM. Intensification and consolidation therapy in multiple myeloma in the current era. Lancet Haematol 2020; 7:e427-e429. PubMed
  • How J, Leiva O, Bogue T, Fell GG, Bustoros MW, Connell NT, Connors JM, Ghobrial IM, Kuter DJ, Mullally A, Neuberg D, Zwicker JI, Fogerty AE, Hobbs GS. Pregnancy outcomes, risk factors, and cell count trends in pregnant women with essential thrombocythemia. Leuk Res 2021; 98:106459. PubMed
  • Lomas OC, Tahri S, Ghobrial IM. The microenvironment in myeloma. Curr Opin Oncol 2020. PubMed
  • Detappe A, Reidy M, Yu Y, Mathieu C, Nguyen HV, Coroller TP, Lam F, Jarolim P, Harvey P, Protti A, Nguyen QD, Johnson JA, Cremillieux Y, Tillement O, Ghobrial IM, Ghoroghchian PP. Antibody-targeting of ultra-small nanoparticles enhances imaging sensitivity and enables longitudinal tracking of multiple myeloma. Nanoscale 2019; 11:20485-20496. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Liu CJ, Redd RA, Perez RP, Baz R, Zavidij O, Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Richardson PG, Anderson KC, Laubach J, Henrick P, Savell A, Reyes K, Hornburg K, Chuma S, Sabbatini P, Robbins MD, Becker PS. A Phase Ib/II Trial of the First-in-Class Anti-CXCR4 Antibody Ulocuplumab in Combination with Lenalidomide or Bortezomib Plus Dexamethasone in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma. Clin Cancer Res 2019. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Liu CJ, Zavidij O, Azab AK, Baz R, Laubach JP, Mishima Y, Armand P, Munshi NC, Basile F, Constantine M, Vredenburgh J, Boruchov A, Crilley P, Henrick PM, Hornburg KTV, Leblebjian H, Chuma S, Reyes K, Noonan K, Warren D, Schlossman R, Paba-Prada C, Anderson KC, Weller E, Trippa L, Shain K, Richardson PG. Phase I/II trial of the CXCR4 inhibitor plerixafor in combination with bortezomib as a chemosensitization strategy in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. Am J Hematol 2019. PubMed
  • Mouhieddine TH, Weeks LD, Ghobrial IM. Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Blood 2019; 133:2484-2494. PubMed
  • Bustoros M, Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Kapoor P, Liu CJ, Kastritis E, Zanwar S, Fell G, Abeykoon JP, Hornburg K, Neuse CJ, Marinac CR, Liu D, Soiffer J, Gavriatopoulou M, Boehner C, Cappuccio JM, Dumke H, Reyes K, Soiffer RJ, Kyle RA, Treon SP, Castillo JJ, Dimopoulos MA, Ansell SM, Trippa L, Ghobrial IM. Progression Risk Stratification of Asymptomatic Waldenström Macroglobulinemia. J Clin Oncol 2019; 37:1403-1411. PubMed
  • Dong S, Ghobrial IM. Immunotherapy for hematological malignancies. J Life Sci (Westlake Village) 2019; 1:46-52. PubMed
  • Lee DH, Fung TT, Tabung FK, Colditz GA, Ghobrial IM, Rosner BA, Giovannucci EL, Birmann BM. Dietary Pattern and Risk of Multiple Myeloma in Two Large Prospective US Cohort Studies. JNCI Cancer Spectr 2019; 3:pkz025. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Vij R, Siegel DS, Badros AZ, Kaufman JL, Raje NS, Jakubowiak AJ, Savona MR, Obreja M, Berdeja JG. A Phase 1b/2 Study of Oprozomib in Patients With Advanced Multiple Myeloma and Waldenström Macroglobulinemia. Clin Cancer Res 2019. PubMed
  • Bustoros M, Kastritis E, Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Liu CJ, Hornburg K, Kanellias N, Kim G, Liu D, Gavriatopoulou M, Marinac CR, Roussou M, Migkou M, Noonan K, Reyes K, Rivotto B, Neuse CJ, Ziogas DC, Laubach J, Terpos E, Anderson KC, Richardson PG, Ghobrial IM, Dimopoulos MA. Bone marrow biopsy in low-risk monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance reveals a novel smoldering multiple myeloma risk group. Am J Hematol 2019; 94:E146-E149. PubMed
  • Sahin I, Kawano Y, Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Moschetta M, Mishima Y, Manier S, Sacco A, Carrasco R, Fonseca R, Roccaro AM, Witzig T, Ghobrial IM. Citron Rho-interacting kinase silencing causes cytokinesis failure and reduces tumor growth in multiple myeloma. Blood Adv 2019; 3:995-1002. PubMed
  • Dong S, Ghobrial IM. Autologous graft versus myeloma: it's not a myth. J Clin Invest 2019; 129:48-50. PubMed
  • Patil R, Tan X, Bartosik P, Detappe A, Runnels JM, Ghobrial I, Lin CP, Niedre M. Fluorescence monitoring of rare circulating tumor cell and cluster dissemination in a multiple myeloma xenograft model in vivo. J Biomed Opt 2019; 24:1-11. PubMed
  • Tsvetkov P, Detappe A, Cai K, Keys HR, Brune Z, Ying W, Thiru P, Reidy M, Kugener G, Rossen J, Kocak M, Kory N, Tsherniak A, Santagata S, Whitesell L, Ghobrial IM, Markley JL, Lindquist S, Golub TR. Mitochondrial metabolism promotes adaptation to proteotoxic stress. Nat Chem Biol 2019; 15:681-689. PubMed
  • Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Capelletti M, Liu CJ, Reidy M, Zavidij O, Huynh D, Henrick P, Savell A, Reyes K, Rivotto B, Bustoros M, Perilla-Glen A, Trippa L, Castillo JJ, Treon SP, Ghobrial IM. Bortezomib overcomes the negative impact of CXCR4 mutations on survival of Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia patients. Blood 2018; 132:2608-2612. PubMed
  • Laubach JP, Liu CJ, Raje NS, Yee AJ, Armand P, Schlossman RL, Rosenblatt J, Hedlund J, Martin MG, Reynolds CH, Shain K, Zackon I, Stampleman L, Henrick P, Rivotto BJ, Hornburg K, Dumke H, Chuma S, Savell A, Handisides D, Kroll S, Anderson KC, Richardson PG, Ghobrial IM. A Phase 1/2 Study of evofosfamide, A Hypoxia-Activated Prodrug with or without Bortezomib in Subjects with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma. Clin Cancer Res 2018. PubMed
  • Aldoss I, Capelletti M, Park J, Pistofidis RS, Pillai R, Stiller T, Sanchez JF, Forman SJ, Ghobrial IM, Krishnan A. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia as a clonally unrelated second primary malignancy after multiple myeloma. Leukemia 2018. PubMed
  • Kurdi AT, Glavey SV, Bezman NA, Jhatakia A, Guerriero JL, Manier S, Moschetta M, Mishima Y, Roccaro A, Detappe A, Liu CJ, Sacco A, Huynh D, Tai YT, Robbins MD, Azzi J, Ghobrial IM. Antibody-Dependent Cellular Phagocytosis by Macrophages is a Novel Mechanism of Action of Elotuzumab. Mol Cancer Ther 2018; 17:1454-1463. PubMed
  • Tsukamoto S, Løvendorf MB, Park J, Salem KZ, Reagan MR, Manier S, Zavidij O, Rahmat M, Huynh D, Takagi S, Kawano Y, Kokubun K, Thrue CA, Nagano K, Petri A, Roccaro AM, Capelletti M, Baron R, Kauppinen S, Ghobrial IM. Inhibition of microRNA-138 enhances bone formation in multiple myeloma bone marrow niche. Leukemia 2018. PubMed
  • Cheng MP, Pandit A, Antin JH, Walsh SR, Huynh D, Ghobrial IM, Baden LR, Marty FM, Issa NC. Safety and immunogenicity of conjugate quadrivalent meningococcal vaccination after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Blood Adv 2018; 2:1272-1276. PubMed
  • O'Donnell EK, Laubach JP, Yee AJ, Chen T, Huff CA, Basile FG, Wade PM, Paba-Prada CE, Ghobrial IM, Schlossman RL, Burke JN, Harrington CC, Lively KJ, Lyons HF, Munshi NC, Anderson KC, Trippa L, Richardson PG, Raje NS. A phase 2 study of modified lenalidomide, bortezomib and dexamethasone in transplant-ineligible multiple myeloma. British Journal of Haematology 2018. PubMed
  • Varga C, Maglio M, Ghobrial IM, Richardson PG. Current use of monoclonal antibodies in the treatment of multiple myeloma. British Journal of Haematology 2018; 181:447-459. PubMed
  • Kawano Y, Zavidij O, Park J, Moschetta M, Kokubun K, Mouhieddine TH, Manier S, Mishima Y, Murakami N, Bustoros M, Pistofidis RS, Reidy M, Shen YJ, Rahmat M, Lukyanchykov P, Karreci ES, Tsukamoto S, Shi J, Takagi S, Huynh D, Sacco A, Tai YT, Chesi M, Bergsagel PL, Roccaro AM, Azzi J, Ghobrial IM. Blocking IFNRA1 inhibits multiple myeloma-driven Treg expansion and immunosuppression. J Clin Invest 2018. PubMed
  • Takagi S, Tsukamoto S, Park J, Johnson KE, Kawano Y, Moschetta M, Liu CJ, Mishima Y, Kokubun K, Manier S, Salem K, Huynh D, Sacco A, Forward JA, Roccaro A, Battinelli EM, Ghobrial IM. Platelets enhance Multiple Myeloma progression via IL-1β upregulation. Clin Cancer Res 2018. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Detappe A, Anderson KC, Steensma DP. The bone-marrow niche in MDS and MGUS: implications for AML and MM. Nat Rev Clin Oncol 2018. PubMed
  • Bouyssou JM, Liu CJ, Bustoros M, Sklavenitis-Pistofidis R, Aljawai Y, Manier S, Yosef A, Sacco A, Kokubun K, Tsukamoto S, Perilla Glen A, Huynh D, Castillo JJ, Treon SP, Leblond V, Hermine O, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM, Capelletti M. Profiling of circulating exosomal miRNAs in patients with Waldenström Macroglobulinemia. PLoS ONE 2018; 13:e0204589. PubMed
  • Bornstein S, Moschetta M, Kawano Y, Sacco A, Huynh D, Brooks D, Manier S, Fairfield H, Falank C, Roccaro AM, Nagano K, Baron R, Bouxein M, Vary C, Ghobrial IM, Rosen CJ, Reagan MR. Metformin Affects Cortical Bone Mass and Marrow Adiposity in Diet-Induced Obesity in Male Mice. Endocrinology 2017; 158:3369-3385. PubMed
  • Moschetta M, Kawano Y, Sacco A, Belotti A, Ribolla R, Chiarini M, Giustini V, Bertoli D, Sottini A, Valotti M, Ghidini C, Serana F, Malagola M, Imberti L, Russo D, Montanelli A, Rossi G, Reagan MR, Maiso P, Paiva B, Ghobrial IM, Roccaro AM. Bone Marrow Stroma and Vascular Contributions to Myeloma Bone Homing. Curr Osteoporos Rep 2017. PubMed
  • Gustine JN, Meid K, Dubeau T, Hunter ZR, Xu L, Yang G, Ghobrial IM, Treon SP, Castillo JJ. Serum IgM level as predictor of symptomatic hyperviscosity in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinaemia. British Journal of Haematology 2017; 177:717-725. PubMed
  • Sacco A, Fenotti A, Affò L, Bazzana S, Russo D, Presta M, Malagola M, Anastasia A, Motta M, Patterson CJ, Rossi G, Imberti L, Treon SP, Ghobrial IM, Roccaro AM. The importance of the genomic landscape in Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia for targeted therapeutical interventions. 2017; 8:35435-35444. PubMed
  • Manier S, Huynh D, Shen YJ, Zhou J, Yusufzai T, Salem KZ, Ebright RY, Shi J, Park J, Glavey SV, Devine WG, Liu CJ, Leleu X, Quesnel B, Roche-Lestienne C, Snyder JK, Brown LE, Gray N, Bradner J, Whitesell L, Porco JA, Ghobrial IM. Inhibiting the oncogenic translation program is an effective therapeutic strategy in multiple myeloma. Sci Transl Med 2017. PubMed
  • Sacco A, Kawano Y, Moschetta M, Zavidij O, Huynh D, Reagan M, Mishima Y, Manier S, Park J, Morgan E, Takagi S, Wong KK, Carrasco R, Ghobrial IM, Roccaro AM. A novel in vivo model for studying conditional dual loss of BLIMP-1 and p53 in B-cells, leading to tumor transformation. Am J Hematol 2017. PubMed
  • Bennani NN, LaPlant BR, Ansell SM, Habermann TM, Inwards DJ, Micallef IN, Johnston PB, Porrata LF, Colgan JP, Markovic SN, Nowakowski GS, Macon WR, Reeder CB, Mikhael JR, Northfelt DW, Ghobrial IM, Witzig TE. Efficacy of the oral mTORC1 inhibitor everolimus in relapsed or refractory indolent lymphoma. Am J Hematol 2017; 92:448-453. PubMed
  • Castillo JJ, Jurczyszyn A, Brozova L, Crusoe E, Czepiel J, Davila J, Dispenzieri A, Eveillard M, Fiala MA, Ghobrial IM, Gozzetti A, Gustine JN, Hajek R, Hungria V, Jarkovsky J, Jayabalan D, Laubach JP, Lewicka B, Maisnar V, Manasanch EE, Moreau P, Morgan EA, Nahi H, Niesvizky R, Paba-Prada C, Pika T, Pour L, Reagan JL, Richardson PG, Shah J, Spicka I, Vij R, Waszczuk-Gajda A, Gertz MA. IgM Myeloma: A Multicenter Retrospective Study of 134 Patients. Am J Hematol 2017. PubMed
  • Mishima Y, Paiva B, Shi J, Park J, Manier S, Takagi S, Massoud M, Perilla-Glen A, Aljawai Y, Huynh D, Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Capelletti M, Detappe A, Alignani D, Anderson KC, Munshi NC, Prosper F, Lohr JG, Ha G, Freeman SS, Van Allen EM, Adalsteinsson VA, Michor F, San Miguel JF, Ghobrial IM. The Mutational Landscape of Circulating Tumor Cells in Multiple Myeloma. Cell Rep 2017; 19:218-224. PubMed
  • Manier S, Liu CJ, Avet-Loiseau H, Park J, Shi J, Campigotto F, Salem KZ, Huynh D, Glavey SV, Rivotto B, Sacco A, Roccaro AM, Bouyssou J, Minvielle S, Moreau P, Facon T, Leleu X, Weller E, Trippa L, Ghobrial IM. Prognostic role of circulating exosomal miRNAs in multiple myeloma. Blood 2017. PubMed
  • Kawano Y, Roccaro AM, Azzi J, Ghobrial IM. Multiple Myeloma and the immune microenvironment. Curr Cancer Drug Targets 2017. PubMed
  • Bar-Natan M, Stroopinsky D, Luptakova K, Coll MD, Apel A, Rajabi H, Pyzer AR, Palmer K, Reagan MR, Nahas MR, Karp Leaf R, Jain S, Arnason J, Ghobrial IM, Anderson KC, Kufe D, Rosenblatt J, Avigan D. Bone marrow stroma protects myeloma cells from cytotoxic damage via induction of the oncoprotein MUC1. British Journal of Haematology 2017. PubMed
  • Bustoros M, Mouhieddine TH, Detappe A, Ghobrial IM. Established and Novel Prognostic Biomarkers in Multiple Myeloma. Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book 2017; 37:548-560. PubMed
  • Treon SP, Meid K, Tripsas C, Heffner LT, Eradat H, Badros AZ, Xu L, Hunter ZR, Yang G, Petterson CJ, Gustine J, Castillo JJ, Matous J, Ghobrial IM. Prospective, multicenter clinical trial of everolimus as primary therapy in Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia (WMCTG 09-214). Clin Cancer Res 2016. PubMed
  • Manier S, Salem KZ, Park J, Landau DA, Getz G, Ghobrial IM. Genomic complexity of multiple myeloma and its clinical implications. Nat Rev Clin Oncol 2016. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Siegel DS, Vij R, Berdeja JG, Richardson PG, Neuwirth R, Patel CG, Zohren F, Wolf JL. TAK-228 (formerly MLN0128), an investigational oral dual TORC1/2 inhibitor: A phase I dose escalation study in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Am J Hematol 2016; 91:400-5. PubMed
  • Sacco A, Fenotti A, Bazzana S, Imberti L, Rossi G, Patterson CJ, Treon SP, Ghobrial IM, Roccaro AM. Epigenomics in Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia. Best Pract Res Clin Haematol 2016; 29:156-160. PubMed
  • Manier S, Kawano Y, Bianchi G, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM. Cell autonomous and microenvironmental regulation of tumor progression in precursor states of multiple myeloma. Curr Opin Hematol 2016. PubMed
  • Tang M, Zhao R, van de Velde H, Tross JG, Mitsiades CS, Viselli S, Neuwirth R, Esseltine DL, Anderson KC, Ghobrial IM, San Miguel J, Richardson PG, Tomasson MH, Michor F. Myeloma cell dynamics in response to treatment supports a model of hierarchical differentiation and clonal evolution. Clin Cancer Res 2016. PubMed
  • Castillo JJ, Ghobrial IM, Treon SP. Response to ibrutinib in a patient with IgG lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma carrying the MYD88 L265P gene mutation. Leuk Lymphoma 2016. PubMed
  • Castillo JJ, D'Sa S, Lunn MP, Minnema MC, Tedeschi A, Lansigan F, Palomba ML, Varettoni M, Garcia-Sanz R, Nayak L, Lee EQ, Rinne ML, Norden AD, Ghobrial IM, Treon SP. Central nervous system involvement by Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (Bing-Neel syndrome): a multi-institutional retrospective study. British Journal of Haematology 2016; 172:709-15. PubMed
  • Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Shi J, Chiarini M, Perilla-Glen A, Manier S, Glavey S, Aljawai Y, Mishima Y, Kawano Y, Moschetta M, Correll M, Improgo MR, Brown JR, Imberti L, Rossi G, Castillo J, Treon SP, Freedman ML, Van Allen EM, Hide W, Hiller E, Rainville I, Ghobrial IM. Exome sequencing reveals recurrent germline variants in patients with familial Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Blood 2016. PubMed
  • Sacco A, Roccaro AM, Ma D, Shi J, Mishima Y, Moschetta M, Chiarini M, Munshi N, Handin RI, Ghobrial IM. Cancer Cell Dissemination and Homing to the Bone Marrow in a Zebrafish Model. Cancer Res 2016; 76:463-71. PubMed
  • Salem KZ, Moschetta M, Sacco A, Imberti L, Rossi G, Ghobrial IM, Manier S, Roccaro AM. Exosomes in Tumor Angiogenesis. Methods Mol Biol 2016; 1464:25-34. PubMed
  • Manier S, Salem KZ, Liu D, Ghobrial IM. Future Directions in the Evaluation and Treatment of Precursor Plasma Cell Disorders. Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book 2016; 35:e400-6. PubMed
  • Manier S, Salem K, Glavey SV, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM. Genomic Aberrations in Multiple Myeloma. Cancer Treat Res 2016; 169:23-34. PubMed
  • Glavey SV, Manier S, Sacco A, Salem K, Kawano Y, Bouyssou J, Ghobrial IM, Roccaro AM. Epigenetics in Multiple Myeloma. Cancer Treat Res 2016; 169:35-49. PubMed
  • Bouyssou JM, Ghobrial IM, Roccaro AM. Targeting SDF-1 in Multiple Myeloma tumor microenvironment. Cancer Lett 2015. PubMed
  • Wang W, Corrigan-Cummins M, Barber EA, Saleh LM, Zingone A, Ghafoor A, Costello R, Zhang Y, Kurlander RJ, Korde N, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM, Landgren O, Calvo KR. Aberrant Levels of miRNAs in Bone Marrow Microenvironment and Peripheral Blood of Myeloma Patients and Disease Progression. J Mol Diagn 2015. PubMed
  • Nishino M, Boswell EN, Hatabu H, Ghobrial IM, Ramaiya NH. Drug-Related Pneumonitis During Mammalian Target of Rapamycin Inhibitor Therapy: Radiographic Pattern-Based Approach in Waldenström Macroglobulinemia as a Paradigm. Oncologist 2015; 20:1077-83. PubMed
  • Zabora J, Buzaglo J, Kennedy V, Richards T, Schapmire T, Zebrack B, Ghobrial IM. Clinical perspective: Linking psychosocial care to the disease continuum in patients with multiple myeloma. 2015. PubMed
  • Roccaro AM, Mishima Y, Sacco A, Moschetta M, Tai YT, Shi J, Zhang Y, Reagan MR, Huynh D, Kawano Y, Sahin I, Chiarini M, Manier S, Cea M, Aljawai Y, Glavey S, Morgan E, Pan C, Michor F, Cardarelli P, Kuhne M, Ghobrial IM. CXCR4 Regulates Extra-Medullary Myeloma through Epithelial-Mesenchymal-Transition-like Transcriptional Activation. Cell Rep 2015. PubMed
  • Glavey SV, Huynh D, Reagan MR, Manier S, Moschetta M, Kawano Y, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM, Joshi L, O'Dwyer ME. The cancer glycome: carbohydrates as mediators of metastasis. Blood Rev. 2015. PubMed
  • Leblebjian H, Noonan K, Paba-Prada C, Treon SP, Castillo JJ, Ghobrial IM. Cyclophosphamide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone combination in waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Am J Hematol 2015. PubMed
  • Weinstock M, Aljawai Y, Morgan EA, Laubach J, Gannon M, Roccaro AM, Varga C, Mitsiades CS, Paba-Prada C, Schlossman R, Munshi N, Anderson KC, Richardson PP, Weller E, Ghobrial IM. Incidence and clinical features of extramedullary multiple myeloma in patients who underwent stem cell transplantation. British Journal of Haematology 2015. PubMed
  • Reagan MR, Liaw L, Rosen CJ, Ghobrial IM. Dynamic interplay between bone and multiple myeloma: emerging roles of the osteoblast. Bone 2015; 75:161-9. PubMed
  • Glavey SV, Ghobrial IM. American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting 2014: highlights in multiple myeloma. Expert Rev Hematol 2015. PubMed
  • Maiso P, Huynh D, Moschetta M, Sacco A, Aljawai Y, Mishima Y, Asara JM, Roccaro AM, Kimmelman AC, Ghobrial IM. Metabolic signature identifies novel targets for drug resistance in multiple myeloma. Cancer Res 2015. PubMed
  • Salem KZ, Ghobrial IM. The road to cure in multiple myeloma starts with smoldering disease. Expert Opin Orphan Drugs 2015. PubMed
  • Treon SP, Tripsas CK, Meid K, Warren D, Varma G, Green R, Argyropoulos KV, Yang G, Cao Y, Xu L, Patterson CJ, Rodig S, Zehnder JL, Aster JC, Harris NL, Kanan S, Ghobrial I, Castillo JJ, Laubach JP, Hunter ZR, Salman Z, Li J, Cheng M, Clow F, Graef T, Palomba ML, Advani RH. Ibrutinib in previously treated Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. N Engl J Med 2015; 372:1430-40. PubMed
  • Banwait R, Aljawai Y, Cappuccio J, McDiarmid S, Morgan EA, Leblebjian H, Roccaro AM, Laubach J, Castillo JJ, Paba-Prada C, Treon S, Redd R, Weller E, Ghobrial IM. Extramedullary Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Am J Hematol 2015; 90:100-4. PubMed
  • Muz B, de la Puente P, Azab F, Ghobrial IM, Azab AK. Hypoxia promotes dissemination and colonization in new bone marrow niches in Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Mol Cancer Res 2015. PubMed
  • Castillo JJ, Ghobrial IM, Treon SP. Biology, prognosis, and therapy of Waldenström Macroglobulinemia. Cancer Treat Res 2015; 165:177-95. PubMed
  • Kawano Y, Moschetta M, Manier S, Glavey S, Görgün GT, Roccaro AM, Anderson KC, Ghobrial IM. Targeting the bone marrow microenvironment in multiple myeloma. Immunol Rev 2014; 263:160-72. PubMed
  • Bianchi G, Ghobrial IM. Team work matters: dual inhibition puts non-hodgkin lymphoma under siege. Clin Cancer Res 2014. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Landgren O. How I treat smoldering multiple myeloma. Blood 2014. PubMed
  • Reagan MR, Mishima Y, Glavey SV, Zhang Y, Manier S, Lu ZN, Memarzadeh M, Zhang Y, Sacco A, Aljawai Y, Shi J, Tai YT, Ready JE, Kaplan DL, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM. Investigating osteogenic differentiation in multiple myeloma using a novel 3D bone marrow niche model. Blood 2014. PubMed
  • Sahin I, Azab F, Mishima Y, Moschetta M, Tsang B, Glavey SV, Manier S, Zhang Y, Sacco A, Roccaro AM, Azab AK, Ghobrial IM. Targeting survival and cell trafficking in multiple myeloma and Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia using pan-class I PI3K inhibitor, buparlisib. Am J Hematol 2014; 89:1030-6. PubMed
  • Zhang Y, Moschetta M, Huynh D, Tai YT, Zhang Y, Zhang W, Mishima Y, Ring JE, Tam WF, Xu Q, Maiso P, Reagan M, Sahin I, Sacco A, Manier S, Aljawai Y, Glavey S, Munshi NC, Anderson KC, Pachter J, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM. Pyk2 promotes tumor progression in multiple myeloma. Blood 2014. PubMed
  • Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Purschke WG, Moschetta M, Buchner K, Maasch C, Zboralski D, Zöllner S, Vonhoff S, Mishima Y, Maiso P, Reagan MR, Lonardi S, Ungari M, Facchetti F, Eulberg D, Kruschinski A, Vater A, Rossi G, Klussmann S, Ghobrial IM. SDF-1 inhibition targets the bone marrow niche for cancer therapy. Cell Rep 2014; 9:118-28. PubMed
  • Zingone A, Wang W, Corrigan-Cummins M, Wu SP, Plyler R, Korde N, Kwok M, Manasanch EE, Tageja N, Bhutani M, Mulquin M, Zuchlinski D, Yancey MA, Roschewski M, Zhang Y, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM, Calvo KR, Landgren O. Altered cytokine and chemokine profiles in multiple myeloma and its precursor disease. Cytokine 2014; 69:294-7. PubMed
  • Azab AK, Sahin I, Moschetta M, Mishima Y, Burwick N, Zimmermann J, Romagnoli B, Patel K, Chevalier E, Roccaro AM, Ghobria IM. CXCR7-dependent angiogenic mononuclear cell trafficking regulates tumor progression in multiple myeloma. Blood 2014. PubMed
  • Glavey SV, Manier S, Natoni A, Sacco A, Moschetta M, Reagan MR, Murillo LS, Sahin I, Wu P, Mishima Y, Zhang Y, Zhang W, Zhang Y, Morgan G, Joshi L, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM, O'Dwyer ME. The sialyltransferase ST3GAL6 influences homing and survival in multiple myeloma. Blood 2014; 124:1765-76. PubMed
  • Dimopoulos MA, Kastritis E, Owen RG, Kyle RA, Landgren O, Morra E, Leleu X, García-Sanz R, Munshi N, Anderson KC, Terpos E, Ghobrial IM, Morel P, Maloney D, Rummel M, Leblond V, Advani RH, Gertz MA, Kyriakou C, Thomas SK, Barlogie B, Gregory SA, Kimby E, Merlini G, Treon SP. Treatment recommendations for patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) and related disorders: IWWM-7 consensus. Blood 2014; 124:1404-11. PubMed
  • Patel CG, Yee AJ, Scullen TA, Nemani N, Santo L, Richardson PG, Laubach JP, Ghobrial IM, Schlossman RL, Munshi NC, Anderson KC, Raje NS. Biomarkers of bone remodeling in multiple myeloma patients to tailor bisphosphonate therapy. Clin Cancer Res 2014. PubMed
  • Yee AJ, Hari P, Marcheselli R, Mahindra AK, Cirstea DD, Scullen TA, Burke JN, Rodig SJ, Hideshima T, Laubach JP, Ghobrial IM, Schlossman RL, Munshi NC, Anderson KC, Weller EA, Richardson PG, Raje NS. Outcomes in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma in a phase I study of everolimus in combination with lenalidomide. British Journal of Haematology 2014. PubMed
  • Moschetta M, Mishima Y, Sahin I, Manier S, Glavey S, Vacca A, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM. Role of endothelial progenitor cells in cancer progression. Biochim Biophys Acta 2014; 1846:26-39. PubMed
  • Treon SP, Tripsas CK, Meid K, Kanan S, Sheehy P, Chuma S, Xu L, Cao Y, Yang G, Liu X, Patterson CJ, Warren D, Hunter ZR, Turnbull B, Ghobrial IM, Castillo JJ. Carfilzomib, rituximab, and dexamethasone (CaRD) treatment offers a neuropathy-sparing approach for treating Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Blood 2014. PubMed
  • Swami A, Reagan MR, Basto P, Mishima Y, Kamaly N, Glavey S, Zhang S, Moschetta M, Seevaratnam D, Zhang Y, Liu J, Memarzadeh M, Wu J, Manier S, Shi J, Bertrand N, Lu ZN, Nagano K, Baron R, Sacco A, Roccaro AM, Farokhzad OC, Ghobrial IM. Engineered nanomedicine for myeloma and bone microenvironment targeting. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014. PubMed
  • Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Jimenez C, Maiso P, Moschetta M, Mishima Y, Aljawai Y, Sahin I, Kuhne M, Cardarelli P, Cohen L, San Miguel JF, Garcia-Sanz R, Ghobrial IM. C1013G/CXCR4 acts as a driver mutation of tumor progression and modulator of drug resistance in lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma. Blood 2014. PubMed
  • Bouyssou JM, Manier S, Huynh D, Issa S, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM. Regulation of microRNAs in cancer metastasis. Biochim Biophys Acta 2014; 1845:255-65. PubMed
  • Richardson PG, Xie W, Jagannath S, Jakubowiak A, Lonial S, Raje NS, Alsina M, Ghobrial IM, Schlossman RL, Munshi NC, Mazumder A, Vesole DH, Kaufman JL, Colson K, McKenney M, Lunde LE, Feather J, Maglio ME, Warren D, Francis D, Hideshima T, Knight R, Esseltine DL, Mitsiades CS, Weller E, Anderson KC. A phase 2 trial of lenalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed and relapsed/refractory myeloma. Blood 2014; 123:1461-9. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Witzig TE, Gertz M, LaPlant B, Hayman S, Camoriano J, Lacy M, Bergsagel PL, Chuma S, DeAngelo D, Treon SP. Long-term results of the phase II trial of the oral mTOR inhibitor everolimus (RAD001) in relapsed or refractory Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia. Am J Hematol 2014; 89:237-42. PubMed
  • Sahin I, Leblebjian H, Treon SP, Ghobrial IM. Waldenström macroglobulinemia: from biology to treatment. Expert Rev Hematol 2014; 7:157-68. PubMed
  • Zhang W, Wang YE, Zhang Y, Leleu X, Reagan M, Zhang Y, Mishima Y, Glavey S, Manier S, Sacco A, Jiang B, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM. Global epigenetic regulation of microRNAs in multiple myeloma. PLoS ONE 2014; 9:e110973. PubMed
  • Corcoran C, Rani S, Breslin S, Gogarty M, Ghobrial IM, Crown J, O'Driscoll L. miR-630 targets IGF1R to regulate response to HER-targeting drugs and overall cancer cell progression in HER2 over-expressing breast cancer. Mol Cancer 2014; 13:71. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM. Revisiting treatment paradigms in high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma: out with the old, in with the new? Leuk Lymphoma 2013. PubMed
  • Weinstock M, Ghobrial IM. Extramedullary multiple myeloma. Leuk Lymphoma 2013. PubMed
  • Sacco A, Zhang Y, Maiso P, Manier S, Rossi G, Treon SP, Ghobrial IM, Roccaro AM. microRNA aberrations in Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2013. PubMed
  • Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Maiso P, Azab AK, Tai YT, Reagan M, Azab F, Flores LM, Campigotto F, Weller E, Anderson KC, Scadden DT, Ghobrial IM. BM mesenchymal stromal cell-derived exosomes facilitate multiple myeloma progression. J Clin Invest 2013; 123:1542-55. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM. Update on Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Clin Adv Hematol Oncol 2013; 11:244-6. PubMed
  • Richardson PG, Siegel D, Baz R, Kelley SL, Munshi NC, Laubach J, Sullivan D, Alsina M, Schlossman R, Ghobrial IM, Doss D, Loughney N, McBride L, Bilotti E, Anand P, Nardelli L, Wear S, Larkins G, Chen M, Zaki MH, Jacques C, Anderson KC. Phase 1 study of pomalidomide MTD, safety, and efficacy in patients with refractory multiple myeloma who have received lenalidomide and bortezomib. Blood 2013; 121:1961-7. PubMed
  • Agarwal A, Ghobrial IM. Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and smoldering multiple myeloma: a review of the current understanding of epidemiology, biology, risk stratification, and management of myeloma precursor disease. Clin Cancer Res 2013; 19:985-94. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Campigotto F, Murphy TJ, Boswell EN, Banwait R, Azab F, Chuma S, Kunsman J, Donovan A, Masood F, Warren D, Rodig S, Anderson KC, Richardson PG, Weller E, Matous J. Results of a phase 2 trial of the single-agent histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat in patients with relapsed/refractory Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Blood 2013; 121:1296-303. PubMed
  • Bianchi G, Ghobrial IM. Molecular mechanisms of effectiveness of novel therapies in multiple myeloma. Leuk Lymphoma 2013. PubMed
  • Rosovsky R, Hong F, Tocco D, Connell B, Mitsiades C, Schlossman R, Ghobrial I, Lockridge L, Warren D, Bradwin G, Doyle M, Munshi N, Soiffer RJ, Anderson KC, Weller E, Richardson P. Endothelial stress products and coagulation markers in patients with multiple myeloma treated with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone: an observational study. British Journal of Haematology 2013; 160:351-8. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM. Choice of therapy for patients with Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. J Clin Oncol 2013; 31:291-3. PubMed
  • Liu Y, Quang P, Braggio E, Ngo H, Badalian-Very G, Flores L, Zhang Y, Sacco A, Maiso P, Azab AK, Azab F, Carrasco R, Rollins BJ, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM. Novel tumor suppressor function of glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor GITR in multiple myeloma. PLoS ONE 2013; 8:e66982. PubMed
  • Owen RG, Kyle RA, Stone MJ, Rawstron AC, Leblond V, Merlini G, Garcia-Sanz R, Ocio EM, Morra E, Morel P, Anderson KC, Patterson CJ, Munshi NC, Tedeschi A, Joshua DE, Kastritis E, Terpos E, Ghobrial IM, Leleu X, Gertz MA, Ansell SM, Morice WG, Kimby E, Treon SP, . Response assessment in Waldenström macroglobulinaemia: update from the VIth International Workshop. British Journal of Haematology 2013. PubMed
  • Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Jia X, Banwait R, Maiso P, Azab F, Flores L, Manier S, Azab AK, Ghobrial IM. Mechanisms of activity of the TORC1 inhibitor everolimus in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Clin Cancer Res 2012. PubMed
  • Maiso P, Ghobrial IM. Would the real myeloma cell please stand up? Leuk Lymphoma 2012; 53:1851-2. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Moreau P, Harris B, Poon T, Jourdan E, Maisonneuve H, Benhadji KA, Hossain AM, Nguyen TS, Wooldridge JE, Leblond V. A multicenter phase II study of single-agent enzastaurin in previously treated Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Clin Cancer Res 2012; 18:5043-50. PubMed
  • Reagan MR, Seib FP, McMillin DW, Sage EK, Mitsiades CS, Janes SM, Ghobrial IM, Kaplan DL. Stem Cell Implants for Cancer Therapy: TRAIL-Expressing Mesenchymal Stem Cells Target Cancer Cells In Situ. J Breast Cancer 2012; 15:273-82. PubMed
  • Zhang Y, Roccaro AM, Rombaoa C, Flores L, Obad S, Fernandes SM, Sacco A, Liu Y, Ngo H, Quang P, Azab AK, Azab F, Maiso P, Reagan M, Brown JR, Thai TH, Kauppinen S, Ghobrial IM. LNA-mediated anti-miR-155 silencing in low-grade B-cell lymphomas. Blood 2012; 120:1678-86. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM. Myeloma as a model for the process of metastasis: implications for therapy. Blood 2012; 120:20-30. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM. Are you sure this is Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia? Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program 2012; 2012:586-94. PubMed
  • Leleu X, Xie W, Bagshaw M, Banwait R, Leduc R, Roper N, Weller E, Ghobrial IM. The role of serum immunoglobulin free light chain in response and progression in waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Clin Cancer Res 2011. PubMed
  • Sacco A, Aujay M, Morgan B, Azab AK, Maiso P, Liu Y, Zhang Y, Azab F, Ngo HT, Issa GC, Quang P, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM. Carfilzomib-dependent selective inhibition of the chymotrypsin-like activity of the proteasome leads to antitumor activity in Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia. Clin Cancer Res 2011; 17:1753-64. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Weller E, Vij R, Munshi NC, Banwait R, Bagshaw M, Schlossman R, Leduc R, Chuma S, Kunsman J, Laubach J, Jakubowiak AJ, Maiso P, Roccaro A, Armand P, Dollard A, Warren D, Harris B, Poon T, Sam A, Rodig S, Anderson KC, Richardson PG. Weekly bortezomib in combination with temsirolimus in relapsed or relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma: a multicentre, phase 1/2, open-label, dose-escalation study. Lancet Oncol 2011; 12:263-72. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Zhang Y, Liu Y, Ngo H, Azab F, Sacco A, Azab A, Maiso P, Morgan B, Quang P, Issa G, Roccaro A. The bone marrow niche in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2011; 11:118-20. PubMed
  • Sacco A, Maiso P, Azab A, Azab F, Zhang Y, Liu Y, Ngo HT, Morgan B, Quang P, Issa G, Ghobrial IM, Roccaro AM. Key role of microRNAs in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia pathogenesis. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2011; 11:109-11. PubMed
  • Leleu X, Koulieris E, Maltezas D, Itzykson R, Xie W, Manier S, Dulery R, Boyle E, Gauthier J, Poulain S, Tatiana T, Panayiotidis P, Bradwell AR, Harding S, Leblond V, Kyrtsonis MC, Ghobrial IM. Novel M-component based biomarkers in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2011; 11:164-7. PubMed
  • Calvo KR, Landgren O, Roccaro AM, Ghobrial IM. Role of microRNAs from monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance to multiple myeloma. Semin Hematol 2011; 48:39-45. PubMed
  • Roper N, Deangelo DJ, Kuo F, Cin PD, Ghobrial I, Aster JC. An asymptomatic 61-year-old man with BCR-ABL-positive bone marrow following autologous transplantation for multiple myeloma. Am J Hematol 2010; 85:944-6. PubMed
  • Sacco A, Roccaro A, Ghobrial IM. Role of dual PI3/Akt and mTOR inhibition in Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia. 2011; 1:578-82. PubMed
  • Rourke M, Anderson KC, Ghobrial IM. Review of clinical trials conducted in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia and recommendations for reporting clinical trial responses in these patients. Leuk Lymphoma 2010; 51:1779-92. PubMed
  • Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Jia X, Azab AK, Maiso P, Ngo HT, Azab F, Runnels J, Quang P, Ghobrial IM. microRNA-dependent modulation of histone acetylation in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Blood 2010; 116:1506-14. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Xie W, Padmanabhan S, Badros A, Rourke M, Leduc R, Chuma S, Kunsman J, Warren D, Poon T, Harris B, Sam A, Anderson KC, Richardson PG, Treon SP, Weller E, Matous J. Phase II trial of weekly bortezomib in combination with rituximab in untreated patients with Waldenström Macroglobulinemia. Am J Hematol 2010; 85:670-4. PubMed
  • Richardson PG, Weller E, Lonial S, Jakubowiak AJ, Jagannath S, Raje NS, Avigan DE, Xie W, Ghobrial IM, Schlossman RL, Mazumder A, Munshi NC, Vesole DH, Joyce R, Kaufman JL, Doss D, Warren DL, Lunde LE, Kaster S, Delaney C, Hideshima T, Mitsiades CS, Knight R, Esseltine DL, Anderson KC. Lenalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone combination therapy in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Blood 2010; 116:679-86. PubMed
  • Prabhala RH, Pelluru D, Fulciniti M, Prabhala HK, Nanjappa P, Song W, Pai C, Amin S, Tai YT, Richardson PG, Ghobrial IM, Treon SP, Daley JF, Anderson KC, Kutok JL, Munshi NC. Elevated IL-17 produced by TH17 cells promotes myeloma cell growth and inhibits immune function in multiple myeloma. Blood 2010; 115:5385-92. PubMed
  • Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Aujay M, Ngo HT, Azab AK, Azab F, Quang P, Maiso P, Runnels J, Anderson KC, Demo S, Ghobrial IM. Selective inhibition of chymotrypsin-like activity of the immunoproteasome and constitutive proteasome in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Blood 2010; 115:4051-60. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Hong F, Padmanabhan S, Badros A, Rourke M, Leduc R, Chuma S, Kunsman J, Warren D, Harris B, Sam A, Anderson KC, Richardson PG, Treon SP, Weller E, Matous J. Phase II trial of weekly bortezomib in combination with rituximab in relapsed or relapsed and refractory Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. J Clin Oncol 2010; 28:1422-8. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Gertz M, Laplant B, Camoriano J, Hayman S, Lacy M, Chuma S, Harris B, Leduc R, Rourke M, Ansell SM, Deangelo D, Dispenzieri A, Bergsagel L, Reeder C, Anderson KC, Richardson PG, Treon SP, Witzig TE. Phase II trial of the oral mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor everolimus in relapsed or refractory Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. J Clin Oncol 2010; 28:1408-14. PubMed
  • Richardson PG, Laubach J, Mitsiades C, Schlossman RL, Doss D, Colson K, McKenney ML, Noonan K, Warren DL, Ghobrial IM, Munshi NC, Anderson K. Tailoring treatment for multiple myeloma patients with relapsed and refractory disease. Oncology (Huntingt) 2010; 24:22-9. PubMed
  • Ghobrial IM, Roccaro A, Hong F, Weller E, Rubin N, Leduc R, Rourke M, Chuma S, Sacco A, Jia X, Azab F, Azab AK, Rodig S, Warren D, Harris B, Varticovski L, Sportelli P, Leleu X, Anderson KC, Richardson PG. Clinical and translational studies of a phase II trial of the novel oral Akt inhibitor perifosine in relapsed or relapsed/refractory Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Clin Cancer Res 2010; 16:1033-41. PubMed
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  • Sacco A, Issa GC, Zhang Y, Liu Y, Maiso P, Ghobrial IM, Roccaro AM. Epigenetic modifications as key regulators of Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia biology. J Hematol Oncol 2010; 3:38. PubMed
  • Richardson PG, Weller E, Jagannath S, Avigan DE, Alsina M, Schlossman RL, Mazumder A, Munshi NC, Ghobrial IM, Doss D, Warren DL, Lunde LE, McKenney M, Delaney C, Mitsiades CS, Hideshima T, Dalton W, Knight R, Esseltine DL, Anderson KC. Multicenter, phase I, dose-escalation trial of lenalidomide plus bortezomib for relapsed and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. J Clin Oncol 2009; 27:5713-9. PubMed
  • Laubach JP, Mitsiades CS, Mahindra A, Schlossman RL, Hideshima T, Chauhan D, Carreau NA, Ghobrial IM, Raje N, Munshi NC, Anderson KC, Richardson PG. Novel therapies in the treatment of multiple myeloma. J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2009; 7:947-60. PubMed
  • Ngo HT, Azab AK, Farag M, Jia X, Melhem MM, Runnels J, Roccaro AM, Azab F, Sacco A, Leleu X, Anderson KC, Ghobrial IM. Src tyrosine kinase regulates adhesion and chemotaxis in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Clin Cancer Res 2009; 15:6035-41. PubMed
  • Treon SP, Ioakimidis L, Soumerai JD, Patterson CJ, Sheehy P, Nelson M, Willen M, Matous J, Mattern J, Diener JG, Keogh GP, Myers TJ, Boral A, Birner A, Esseltine DL, Ghobrial IM. Primary therapy of Waldenström macroglobulinemia with bortezomib, dexamethasone, and rituximab: WMCTG clinical trial 05-180. J Clin Oncol 2009; 27:3830-5. PubMed
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  • Roccaro AM,Sacco A,Thompson B,Leleu X,Azab AK,Azab F,Runnels J,Jia X,Ngo HT,Melhem MR,Lin CP,Ribatti D,Rollins BJ,Witzig TE,Anderson KC,Ghobrial IM. microRNAs 15a and 16 regulate tumor proliferation in multiple myeloma. Blood 2009; 113:6669-80. PubMed
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  • Alsayed Y,Leleu X,Leontovich A,Oton AB,Melhem M,George D,Ghobrial IM. Proteomics analysis in post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders. Eur J Haematol 2008; 81:298-303. PubMed
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  • Moreau AS,Jia X,Patterson CJ,Roccaro AM,Xu L,Sacco A,O'Connor K,Soumerai J,Ngo HT,Hatjiharissi E,Hunter ZR,Ciccarelli B,Manning R,Ghobrial IM,Leleu X,Treon SP. The HMG-CoA inhibitor, simvastatin, triggers in vitro anti-tumour effect and decreases IgM secretion in Waldenstrom macroglobulinaemia. British Journal of Haematology 2008; 142:775-85. PubMed
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